H. Robert Horvitz

#3,452
Most Influential Person

American biologist

Why Is H. Robert Horvitz Influential?

H. Robert Horvitz is a professor of biology and member of the McGovern Institute for Brain Research, an investigator for the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, chair of the Board of Trustees of the Society for Science & the Public, and a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival’s Advisory Board. He studied mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and earned a Ph.D. in biology from Harvard University. He completed his postdoctoral studies at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge.

Horvitz is best known for his work researching the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans. His work with Sydney Brenner and John E. Sulston earned the trio the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. His body of work on C. elegans has tied the nematode to diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and has revealed important data about the genetic programming that controls cell death, also known as apoptosis.

Besides the Nobel Prize, Horvitz has received numerous honors, including the Gairdner Foundation International Award, the Grand Prix Charles-Leopold Mayer from the French Academy of Sciences, the Bristol-Myers Squibb Award for Distinguished Achievement in Neuroscience, the Genetics Society of America Medal, and the UK Genetics Society Mendel Medal.

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According to Wikipedia, Howard Robert Horvitz is an American biologist best known for his research on the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans, for which he was awarded the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, together with Sydney Brenner and John E. Sulston, whose "seminal discoveries concerning the genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death" were "important for medical research and have shed new light on the pathogenesis of many diseases".

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