Gray is the Arnold O. Beckman Professor of Chemistry at California Institute of Technology. Gray received his Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry from Western Kentucky University in 1957. He earned a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Northwestern University in 1960.
Gray’s research focuses on topics in inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, and biophysics, the latter an exciting discipline that seeks to apply concepts and techniques from physics to biology (as you might expect, biophysics overlaps importantly with chemistry, as well). Gray has focused especially on the dynamics of Electron Transfer (ET) chemistry. He and his group have extensively investigated issues in ET such as how protein radicals accelerate long-range electronic transfer.
Gray was the National Medal of Science in 1986. In addition, Gray received the coveted Priestly Medal in 1991, and the Wolf Prize in Chemistry in 2004. The Wolf Prize recognized his groundbreaking work in the field of bioinorganic chemistry, a subfield dedicated to examining the role of metals in biology. The field includes the study of naturally occurring phenomena such as metalloproteins, as well as artificially introduced metals.
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