# Israel Gelfand

#396

Most Influential Person Now

Soviet mathematician

## Israel Gelfand's AcademicInfluence.com Rankings

Israel Gelfandmathematics Degrees

Mathematics

#24

World Rank

#80

Historical Rank

#4

USA Rank

Functional Analysis

#1

World Rank

#2

Historical Rank

#1

USA Rank

Algebra

#5

World Rank

#11

Historical Rank

#2

USA Rank

Topology

#9

World Rank

#20

Historical Rank

#3

USA Rank

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Mathematics

## Israel Gelfand's Degrees

- Doctorate Mathematics Moscow State University

## Why Is Israel Gelfand Influential?

(Suggest an Edit or Addition)According to Wikipedia, Israel Moiseevich Gelfand, also written Israïl Moyseyovich Gel'fand, or Izrail M. Gelfand was a prominent Soviet-American mathematician. He made significant contributions to many branches of mathematics, including group theory, representation theory and functional analysis. The recipient of many awards, including the Order of Lenin and the first Wolf Prize, he was a Foreign Fellow of the Royal Society and professor at Moscow State University and, after immigrating to the United States shortly before his 76th birthday, at Rutgers University. Gelfand is also a 1994 MacArthur Fellow.

## Israel Gelfand's Published Works

### Published Works

- COXETER FUNCTORS AND GABRIEL'S THEOREM (1973) (608)
- Noncommutative symmetric functions (1994) (519)
- Finite-dimensional representations of the group of unimodular matrices (1950) (470)
- Noncommutative Symmetrical Functions (1995) (462)
- Commutative Normed Rings. (1967) (414)
- Effect of colcemid on the locomotory behaviour of fibroblasts. (1970) (333)
- On the problem of adequate language in motor control. (1998) (261)
- Sur les Corps Liés Aux Algèbres Enveloppantes des Algèbres de Lie (1966) (218)
- On the role of central program and afferent inflow in the control of scratching movements in the cat (1975) (214)
- Rho-dependent formation of epithelial “leader” cells during wound healing (2003) (197)
- Structural determinants in the sequences of immunoglobulin variable domain. (1998) (181)
- Origin of modulation in neurones of the ventral spinocerebellar tract during locomotion. (1972) (175)
- Geometry in Grassmannians and a generalization of the dilogarithm (1982) (160)
- General hypergeometric systems of equations and series of hypergeometric type (1992) (157)
- Lessons from Animal Diabetes VI (1996) (152)
- Generalized Functions: Properties and Operations (2016) (146)
- Recordings of neurones of the dorsal spinocerebellar tract during evoked locomotion. (1972) (130)
- Generation of scratching. I. Activity of spinal interneurons during scratching. (1978) (118)
- Factorization of differential operators, quasideterminants, and nonabelian Toda field equations (1997) (116)
- Surfaces on Lie groups, on Lie algebras, and their integrability (1996) (112)
- Mechanisms of morphogenesis in cell cultures. (1977) (110)
- Fedosov Manifolds (1997) (105)
- Messages conveyed by spinocerebellar pathways during scratching in the cat. II. Activity of neurons of the ventral spinocerebellar tract (1978) (105)
- Combinatorics of hypergeometric functions associated with positive roots (1997) (103)
- Formation of bundles of microfilaments during spreading of fibroblasts on the substrate. (1976) (100)
- The Gelfand Mathematical Seminars, 1990–1992 (1993) (89)
- Generation of scratching. II. Nonregular regimes of generation. (1978) (88)
- Cerebellum and Rhythmical Movements (1986) (83)
- FUNDAMENTAL SOLUTIONS FOR THE TRICOMI OPERATOR (2002) (82)
- Messages conveyed by spinocerebellar pathways during scratching in the cat. I. Activity of neurons of the lateral reticular nucleus (1978) (80)
- The cerebellum and control of rhythmical movements (1983) (80)
- Integrability of linear and nonlinear evolution equations and the associated nonlinear fourier transforms (1994) (78)
- Webs, Veronese curves, and bihamiltonian systems (1991) (76)
- Dynamics of contacts between lamellae of fibroblasts: essential role of the actin cytoskeleton. (1998) (76)
- A combinatorial formula for the Pontrjagin classes (1992) (74)
- Neural Control of Heart Beat in the Pteropod Mollusc Clione Limacina: Coordination of Circulatory and Locomotor Systems (1990) (68)
- Mechanisms of polarization of the shape of fibroblasts and epitheliocytes: Separation of the roles of microtubules and Rho-dependent actin–myosin contractility (2002) (68)
- Rho overexpression leads to mitosis-associated detachment of cells from epithelial sheets: a link to the mechanism of cancer dissemination. (2004) (67)
- On the Local Geometry of a Bihamiltonian Structure (1993) (67)
- Changes in the force-sharing pattern induced by modifications of visual feedback during force production by a set of fingers (1998) (61)
- On Rings of Continuous Functions on Topological Spaces (1993) (61)
- Wound healing processes in cell cultures. (1969) (61)
- Nonabelian Integrable Systems, Quasideterminants, and Marchenko Lemma (1997) (60)
- Myosin-dependent contractile activity of the actin cytoskeleton modulates the spatial organization of cell-cell contacts in cultured epitheliocytes. (1999) (60)
- Common features in structures and sequences of sandwich-like proteins (2002) (59)
- Duality and Minors of Secondary Polyhedra (1993) (58)
- Contact interactions between epitheliocytes and fibroblasts: Formation of heterotypic cadherin-containing adhesion sites is accompanied by local cytoskeletal reorganization (2001) (55)
- Initiation of DNA synthesis in cell cultures by colcemid. (1971) (54)
- Cytoskeletal reorganizations responsible for the phorbol ester-induced formation of cytoplasmic processes: possible involvement of intermediate filaments. (1990) (54)
- Cell-cell contact changes the dynamics of lamellar activity in nontransformed epitheliocytes but not in their ras-transformed descendants. (1997) (53)
- Effect of microtubule-destroying drugs on the spreading and shape of cultured epithelial cells. (1985) (51)
- Active cell edge and movements of concanavalin A receptors of the surface of epithelial and fibroblastic cells. (1976) (51)
- New classification of supersecondary structures of sandwich‐like proteins uncovers strict patterns of strand assemblage (2007) (47)
- Quasideterminants, I (1997) (43)
- Quadratic linear algebras associated with factorizations of noncommutative polynomials and noncommutative differential polynomials (2000) (42)
- Contact inhibition of phagocytosis in epithelial sheets: alterations of cell surface properties induced by cell-cell contacts. (1975) (42)
- Algebraic Aspects of Integrable Systems (1996) (42)
- The Gelfand Mathematical Seminars, 1996–1999 (2000) (41)
- Sur un lemme de la théorie des espaces linéaires (1987) (39)
- Effects of small doses of cytochalasins on fibroblasts: preferential changes of active edges and focal contacts. (1982) (39)
- Noncommutative Vieta Theorem and Symmetric Functions (1995) (38)
- Defective formation of the lamellar cytoplasm by neoplastic fibroblasts (L cells-transformed cells-cell attachment-contact inhibition-scanning electron microscopy-microcinematography). (1972) (37)
- Fundamental solutions of the Tricomi operator, III (2005) (36)
- Special type of morphological reorganization induced by phorbol ester: reversible partition of cell into motile and stable domains. (1987) (36)
- Quaternionic quasideterminants and determinants (2002) (36)
- Fundamental Solutions for the Tricomi Operator, II (2001) (35)
- Contact inhibition of movement in the cultures of transformed cells. (1973) (34)
- [ON THE SYNCHRONIZATION OF MOTOR UNITS AND ITS CONNECTION WITH THE MODEL REPRESENTATION]. (1963) (33)
- Symplectic Matroids (1998) (31)
- Lagrangians Satisfying Crofton Formulas, Radon Transforms, and Nonlocal Differentials (1994) (30)
- Protein--protein recognition: juxtaposition of domain and interface cores in immunoglobulins and other sandwich-like proteins. (2004) (30)
- On a Variant of Noncommutative Differential Geometry (1990) (29)
- Spreading of fibroblasts in medium containing cytochalasin B: formation of lamellar cytoplasm as a combination of several functional different processes. (1980) (28)
- A correction to the paper “hypergeometric functions and toric varieties” (1993) (28)
- On a class of algebras associated to directed graphs (2005) (28)
- Geometric invariant core for the V(L) and V(H) domains of immunoglobulin molecules. (1998) (27)
- Origin of signals conveyed by the ventral spino-cerebellar tract and spino-reticulo-cerebellar pathway (2004) (26)
- Messages conveyed by descending tracts during scratching in the cat. I. Activity of vestibulospinal neurons (1978) (24)
- Role of the microtubular system in morphological organization of normal and oncogene-transfected epithelial cells. (1994) (24)
- HYPERGEOMETRIC FUNCTIONS, TORIC VARIETIES AND NEWTON POLYHEDRA (1991) (22)
- Microtubule-dependent effect of phorbol ester on the contractility of cytoskeleton of cultured fibroblasts. (1988) (22)
- Interactions of normal and neoplastic fibroblasts with the substratum. (1973) (21)
- Hilbert series of quadratic algebras associated with pseudo-roots of noncommutative polynomials (2001) (21)
- Effects of antitubulins on the redistribution of crosslinked receptors on the surface of fibroblasts and epithelial cells. (1977) (20)
- WP-Matroids and Thin Schubert Cells on Tits Systems (1994) (20)
- Mechanism of non-adhesiveness of endothelial and epithelial surfaces (1978) (20)
- Spreading of normal and transformed fibroblasts in dense cultures. (1975) (20)
- Analysis of the relation between the sequence and secondary and three-dimensional structures of immunoglobulin molecules. (1995) (20)
- Crofton Densities, Symplectic Geometry and Hilbert’s Fourth Problem (1997) (19)
- Coxeter matroid polytopes (1997) (19)
- GG Functions and their Relations to General Hypergeometric Functions (1999) (19)
- The lattice of flats and its underlying flag matroid polytope (1997) (18)
- Factorizations of Polynomials over Noncommutative Algebras and Sufficient Sets of Edges in Directed Graphs (2005) (17)
- Non-synaptic interaction between neurons in molluscs (1988) (17)
- Post-translational modification of microtubules is a component of synergic alterations of cytoskeleton leading to formation of cytoplasmic processes in fibroblasts. (1991) (17)
- On exchange properties for Coxeter matroids and oriented matroids (1998) (16)
- Polarization of cytoplasmic fragments microsurgically detached from mouse fibroblasts. (1985) (16)
- The invariant system of coordinates of antibody molecules: prediction of the "standard" C alpha framework of VL and VH domains. (1996) (16)
- Strict rules determine arrangements of strands in sandwich proteins. (2006) (16)
- A Model for the Aiming Phase of the Wiping Reflex (1986) (14)
- The sequence determinants of cadherin molecules (2001) (14)
- Dynamics of active lamellae in cultured epithelial cells: effects of expression of exogenous N-ras oncogene. (1995) (14)
- A geometric construction determines all permissible strand arrangements of sandwich proteins. (2005) (14)
- On the cohomology of the Lie algebra of hamiltonian vector fields (1992) (14)
- Microtubular system in cultured mouse epithelial cells. (1978) (14)
- Quantitative evaluation of cell orientation in culture. (1975) (13)
- Finding of residues crucial for supersecondary structure formation (2009) (13)
- Serum dependence of expression of the transformed phenotype: Experiments with subline of mouse L fibroblasts adapted to growth in serum‐free medium (1976) (13)
- The Gelfand Mathematical Seminars, 1993-1995 (1996) (13)
- Multinucleation-induced improvement of the spreading of transformed cells on the substratum. (1984) (13)
- The Algebra of Chern—Simons Classes, the Poisson Bracket on it, and the Action of the Gauge Group (1994) (12)
- Upper surfaces of epithelial sheets and of fluid lipid films are nonadhesive for platelets. (1979) (12)
- Non-Abelian integrable systems, quasideterminants and Marchenko (1998) (11)
- « О Телах, Связанных С Обертывающими Алгебрами Алгебр Ли » (1966) (11)
- Nonlinear integrable equations and nonlinear Fourier transform (1995) (11)
- Representation models for classical groups and their higher symmetries (1985) (11)
- Prediction of the structural motifs of sandwich proteins. (2004) (11)
- Determining the roles of different chain fragments in recognition of immunoglobulin fold. (2002) (10)
- Discriminants and Resultants for Forms in Several Variables (1994) (9)
- Reversible structural alterations of undifferentiated and differentiated human neuroblastoma cells induced by phorbol ester. (1992) (9)
- Noncommutative algebras associated to complexes and graphs (2000) (9)
- Geometric Invariant Core for the CL and CH1 Domains of Immunoglobulin Molecules (2000) (9)
- Representations of Matroids in Semimodular Lattices (2001) (8)
- On the Dimension and Degree of the Projective Dual Variety: A q-Analog of the Katz-Kleiman Formula (1993) (7)
- The spectral theory for a pencil of skewsymmetrical differential operators of the third order (1994) (7)
- On the Topology of the Combinatorial Flag Varieties (2002) (7)
- Hybrid resistance to parental bone marrow transplantation: adaptive modification of hemopoietic stem cell in a nonsyngeneic environment. (1979) (7)
- Migration of nuclei and perikaryal cytoplasm along the cytoplasmic processes of differentiated neuroblastoma cells. (1987) (7)
- Possible common mechanisms of morphological and growth-related alterations accompanying neoplastic transformation. (1982) (7)
- Combinatorial Flag Varieties (2000) (7)
- Surface changes disturbing intracellular homeostasis as a factor inducing cell growth and division. (1968) (6)
- Class-defining characteristics in the mouse heavy chains of variable domains. (1999) (5)
- Interrelationships of contacting cells in the cell complexes of mouse ascites hepatoma (1966) (5)
- Boundaries of Coxeter Matroids (1996) (5)
- Effect of colcemid on the distribution of pseudopodial activity in fibroblasts. Microtubule-independent stabilization of cell surface. (1980) (5)
- Predicting amino acid sequences of the antibody human VH chains from its first several residues. (1998) (5)
- Algorithmic determination of core positions in the VL and VH domains of immunoglobulin molecules (1998) (5)
- Membrane-induced segregation of motile and stable domains in cytoplasm: possible role in morphological differentiation of tissue cells. (1988) (5)
- A very limited number of keywords (main patterns) describes all sequences of the human variable heavy (VH) and κ (Vκ) domains (1997) (4)
- Orientation of mitosis of fibroblasts is determined in the interphase. (1974) (4)
- Oriented Lagrangian Matroids (2000) (4)
- Cellular search migrations in normal development and carcinogenesis (2006) (4)
- Chern-Simons Classes and Cocycles on the Lie Algebra of the Gauge Group (1996) (4)
- Interactions of normal and neoplastic cells with various surfaces. (1973) (4)
- Matroid Homology (1999) (3)
- On the localization of topological invariants (1992) (3)
- Principal A-Determinants (1994) (3)
- Immunoglobulin Fold: Structures of Proteins in the Immunoglobulin Superfamily (2001) (3)
- Projective representations of the current group SU(1, 1)X (1993) (3)
- Flag Matroids (1997) (3)
- The distributive law (2004) (3)
- Neoplastic fibroblasts sensitive to the growth inhibition by homologous cells but insensitive to inhibition by parent normal cells. (1975) (3)
- Lagrangian Matroids associated with Maps on Orientable Surfaces (2000) (3)
- Academician Pontryagin Lev Semenovich - obituary (1989) (2)
- Academician Kolmogorov Andrei Nikolaevich - (obituary) (1988) (2)
- The quadratic mean (2004) (2)
- Crofton Densities and Nonlocal Differentials (1993) (2)
- Combinatorial Geometries , Convex Polyhedra (1987) (2)
- The sum of a geometric progression (2004) (2)
- [STUDIES ON THE POSTURAL ACTIVITY]. (1964) (2)
- GG-functions and their relations to A-hypergeometric functions (1999) (2)
- A short glossary (2004) (1)
- Coxeter functions and Gabriel's theorem (RMS 28:2 (1973) 17–32) (1982) (1)
- Graphs of Trigonometric Functions (2001) (1)
- Combinatorial Geometry in Characteristic 1 (1999) (1)
- Israel Moiseevich Gelfand , Part (2009) (1)
- Lattices, representations and algebras connected with them II (RMS 32:1 (1977) 91–114) (1982) (1)
- Yurii L'vovich Daletskii (on his sixtieth birthday) (1987) (1)
- Triangulations and Secondary Polytopes (1994) (1)
- Hopf Algebra Structures for the Heisenberg Algebra: I (1993) (1)
- A-Resultants and Chow Polytopes of Toric Varieties (1994) (1)
- A Unified Method for Solving Linear and Nonlinear Evolution Equations and an Application to Integrable Surfaces (1996) (1)
- Neuronal Mechanisms Controlling Rhythmic Movements in Gastropod Molluscs (1988) (1)
- BOOK AND FILM REVIEWS: East European Mathematics: The Method of Coordinates (1970) (1)
- The sum of an arithmetic progression (2004) (1)
- Incidence matrices, geometrical bases, combinatorial prebases and matroids (1998) (1)
- FINITE PROPAGATION SPEED AND KERNELS OF STRICTLY ELLIPTIC OPERATORS (1)
- The use of parentheses (2004) (1)
- Discriminants and Resultants for Polynomials in One Variable (1994) (1)
- Small numbers around us (2004) (0)
- Combinatories and Topology of the β-Sandwich and β-Barrel Proteins (2007) (0)
- Polynomial and rational fractions in one variable (2004) (0)
- The formula for (a + b)4 (2004) (0)
- Coefficients and values (2004) (0)
- Associated Varieties and General Resultants (1994) (0)
- A quadratic equation becomes linear (2004) (0)
- The associative law (2004) (0)
- The graph of the quadratic polynomial (2004) (0)
- The sum of an infinite geometric progression (2004) (0)
- Division of polynomials in one variable; the remainder (2004) (0)
- Relations among Trigonometric Ratios (2001) (0)
- Relationships in a Triangle (2001) (0)
- Exchange of terms in addition (2004) (0)
- Control of Certain Types of Movements (1968) (0)
- Signals Coming to the Cerebellum (1986) (0)
- Maximum and minimum values of a quadratic polynomial (2004) (0)
- Exchange of terms in multiplication (2004) (0)
- Formulas for (a + b)5, (a + b)6, … and Pascal’s triangle (2004) (0)
- The division algorithm (2004) (0)
- The Addition Formulas (2001) (0)
- Newton Polytopes and Chow Polytopes (1994) (0)
- The multiplication of negative numbers (2004) (0)
- The geometric mean does not exceed the arithmetic mean (2004) (0)
- How to explain the square of the sum formula to your younger brother or sister (2004) (0)
- The remainder when dividing by x — a (2004) (0)
- Signals Conveyed by Descending Tracts (1986) (0)
- How many monomials do we get (2004) (0)
- The addition of negative numbers (2004) (0)
- Formula for short multiplication: The square of a sum (2004) (0)
- The arithmetic and geometric means of several numbers (2004) (0)
- Problems about maximum and minimum (2004) (0)
- Inverse Functions and Trigonometric Equations (2001) (0)
- Converting a rational expression into the quotient of two polynomials (2004) (0)
- Projective Dual Varieties and General Discriminants (1994) (0)
- One more formula concerning quadratic equations (2004) (0)
- Different problems about progressions (2004) (0)
- Arithmetic and geometric means (2004) (0)
- ON THE DUALS OF SEGRE VARIETIES (2002) (0)
- EFFECT OF COLCEMIDE ON CELL POLARIZATION IN NARROW STRIPS OF ADHESIVE SUBSTRATE (1977) (0)
- The cube of the sum formula (2004) (0)
- Activity of Cerebellar Neurons (1986) (0)
- The equation x 2 + px + q = 0 (2004) (0)
- Non-integer powers (2004) (0)
- A very limited number of keywords (main patterns) describes all sequences of the human variable heavy (VH) and kappa (Vkappa) domains. (1997) (0)
- Big numbers around us (2004) (0)
- A formula for ax2 + bx + c = 0 (where a ≠ 0) (2004) (0)
- The rule of multiplication for powers (2004) (0)
- Matroids and Semimodular Lattices (2003) (0)
- Dealing with fractions (2004) (0)
- The harmonic mean (2004) (0)
- Letters in algebra (2004) (0)
- Angles and Rotations (2001) (0)
- Vieta’s theorem (2004) (0)
- Rules for square roots (2004) (0)
- Regular A-Determinants and A-Discriminants (1994) (0)
- Factoring ax 2 + bx + c (2004) (0)
- The multiplication table and the multiplication algorithm (2004) (0)
- A digression: When are polynomials equal? (2004) (0)
- Trigonometric Ratios in a Triangle (2001) (0)
- Particle filter and artificial neural networks (2015) (0)
- The case p = 0. Square roots (2004) (0)
- 0 01 02 37 v 1 2 5 O ct 2 00 0 Oriented Lagrangian Matroids (2006) (0)
- Addition in the decimal number system (2004) (0)
- The binary system (2004) (0)
- The difference of squares (2004) (0)
- The Cayley Method for Studying Discriminants (1994) (0)
- How to confuse students on an exam (2004) (0)
- The commutative law (2004) (0)
- How to multiply am by an, or why our definition is convenient (2004) (0)
- Free modular lattices and their representations (RMS 29:6 (1974) 1–56) (1982) (0)
- Values of polynomials, and interpolation (2004) (0)

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