# Nicolas Rashevsky

#6,328

Most Influential Person Across History

American scientist

## Nicolas Rashevsky's AcademicInfluence.com Rankings

Nicolas Rashevskymathematics Degrees

Mathematics

#1387

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Measure Theory

#120

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Biology Mathematics

## Nicolas Rashevsky's Degrees

- PhD Mathematics University of Chicago

## Why Is Nicolas Rashevsky Influential?

(Suggest an Edit or Addition)According to Wikipedia, Nicolas Rashevsky was an American theoretical physicist who was one of the pioneers of mathematical biology, and is also considered the father of mathematical biophysics and theoretical biology. Academic career He studied theoretical physics at the St. Vladimir Imperial University of Kiev. He left Ukraine after the October Revolution, emigrating first to Turkey, then to Poland, France, and finally to the US in 1924.

## Nicolas Rashevsky's Published Works

### Published Works

- Mathematical biology (1961) (5642)
- Arms and insecurity (1960) (531)
- Life, information theory, and topology (1955) (343)
- Arms And Insecurity: A Mathematical Study Of The Causes And Origins Of War (1962) (305)
- Topology and life: In search of general mathematical principles in biology and sociology (1954) (215)
- The mathematical biophysics of some mental phenomena (1945) (130)
- Mathematical biology of social behavior. (1951) (114)
- Information theory in biology (1954) (101)
- An approach to the mathematical biophysics of biological self-regulation and of cell polarity (1940) (86)
- Advances and applications of mathematical biology (1940) (72)
- Some remarks on the mathematical theory of nutrition of fishes (1959) (56)
- Outline of a unified approach to physics, biology and sociology. (1969) (52)
- Organismic sets: Outline of a general theory of biological and social organisms (1967) (49)
- Contribution to the mathematical biophysics of visual perception with special reference to the theory of aesthetic values of geometrical patterns (1938) (49)
- SOME MEDICAL ASPECTS OF MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY. (1964) (44)
- Outline of a physico-mathematical theory of excitation and inhibition (1933) (42)
- Looking at History Through Mathematics. (1968) (41)
- Mathematical theory of human relations (1947) (39)
- Organismic sets. II. Some general considerations. (1968) (38)
- Learning as a Property of Physical Systems (1931) (37)
- Mathematical biophysics of automobile driving (1959) (37)
- The mathematical basis of the arts (1949) (36)
- Mathematical principles in biology and their applications (1961) (33)
- The geometrization of biology (1956) (32)
- The representation of organisms in terms of predicates. (1965) (29)
- Studies in the physicomathematical theory of organic form (1944) (29)
- Some remarks on topological biology (1955) (28)
- Physics, biology, and sociology: a reappraisal. (1966) (28)
- Mathematical Biophysics (1935) (27)
- Outline of a new mathematical approach to general biology: I (1943) (26)
- A problem in the mathematical biophysics of interaction of two or more individuals which may be of interest in mathematical sociology. (1947) (26)
- Organismic sets and biological epimorphism. (1967) (25)
- A sociological approach to biology (1966) (25)
- Some remarks on the mathematical aspects of automobile driving (1959) (23)
- Some theorems in topology and a possible biological implication (1955) (23)
- Chapter 2B – THE PRINCIPLE OF ADEQUATE DESIGN (1973) (22)
- PHYSICO-MATHEMATICAL ASPECTS OF CELLULAR MULTIPLICATION AND DEVELOPMENT (1934) (21)
- Physics, biology and socialogy. II. Suggestion for a synthesis. (1967) (21)
- A contribution to the search of general mathematical principles in biology (1958) (19)
- Contributions to topological biology: Some considerations on the primordial graph and on some possible transformations (1956) (18)
- Studies in mathematical theory of human relations. II (1939) (18)
- Physicomathematical aspects of some problems of organic form (1940) (17)
- Life, information theory, probability, and physics (1960) (17)
- A reinterpretation of the mathematical biophysics of the central nervous system in the light of neurophysiological findings (1945) (17)
- Contributions to relational biology (1960) (16)
- Some Physico‐Mathematical Aspects of Nerve Conduction. II (1933) (16)
- Note on a combinatorial problem in topological biology (1955) (16)
- Experimental ecology of nutrition of fishes (1957) (16)
- A set-theoretical approach to biology (1959) (16)
- SOME THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS OF PHYSICS OF DISPERSE SYSTEMS (1931) (16)
- On the locomotion of mammals. (1948) (16)
- Further contributions to the theory of cell polarity and self-regulation (1940) (15)
- Multiple relational equilibria: Polymorphism, metamorphosis and other possibly similar phenomena (1969) (15)
- Further contributions to the mathematical biophysics of automobile driving (1960) (14)
- Mathematical theory of biological periodicities: formulation of the n-body case. (1968) (14)
- A note on nonperiodic undamped oscillations, with special reference to brain waves. (1971) (13)
- MAN-MACHINE INTERACTION IN AUTOMOBILE DRIVING. (1964) (13)
- What type of empirically verifiable predictions can topological biology make (1956) (13)
- On relations between sets (1961) (13)
- Mathematical biophysics and psychology (1936) (12)
- Some considerations on relational equilibria (1969) (12)
- ON THE THEORY OF NERVOUS CONDUCTION (1931) (12)
- Mathematical biology of automobile driving. IV. (1970) (12)
- On the form of plants and animals (1943) (11)
- Suggestion for a possible approach to molecular biology (1959) (11)
- Some bio-sociological aspects of the mathematical theory of communication (1950) (11)
- Outline of a Mathematical Theory of Human Relations (1935) (11)
- Outline of a mathematical approach to the cancer problem (1945) (11)
- PERMEABILITY OF CELLS, ITS NATURE AND MEASUREMENT FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF MATHEMATICAL BIOPHYSICS (1940) (10)
- Mathematical biological of social behavior: II (1949) (10)
- A problem in the mathematical biophysics of blood circulation: I (1945) (10)
- Foundations of mathematical biophysics (1934) (10)
- Mathematical theory of human relations : an approach to a mathematical biology of social phenomena (1949) (10)
- Contributions to the theory of human relations: VII. Outline of a mathematical theory of the sizes of cities (1943) (10)
- Contributions to the mathematical theory of human relations: V (1940) (10)
- Mathematical biophysics of the cell with reference to the contractility of tissues and amoeboid movements (1939) (10)
- A note on the theory of communication through social channels (1951) (9)
- The relation of mathematical biophysics to experimental biology (1938) (9)
- Mathematical biophysics of sustained nonperiodic oscillations of excitation and inhibition in the central nervous system. (1971) (9)
- The Mechanism of Division of Small Liquid Systems Which Are the Seats of Physico‐Chemical Reactions (1934) (9)
- A NEUROBIOPHYSICAL MODEL OF SCHIZOPHRENIAS AND OF THEIR POSSIBLE TREATMENT. (1964) (9)
- Outline of a Physico-Mathematical Theory of the Brain (1935) (9)
- Mathematical foundations of general biology. (1962) (9)
- The neural mechanism of logical thinking. (1946) (9)
- A note on the nature and origin of life (1959) (9)
- Mathematical biophysics of abstraction and logical thinking (1945) (8)
- Mathematical biophysics of conditioning (1937) (8)
- A note on the development of organismic sets. (1968) (8)
- On relations between sets. II. (1966) (8)
- Contributions to the theory of imitative behavior (1957) (8)
- A comparison of set-theoretical and graph-theoretical approaches in topological biology (1958) (8)
- On Electric Charges of Disperse Systems Which Are the Seats of Physico‐Chemical Reactions (1935) (8)
- Note on the hamiltonian principle in biology and in physics (1943) (8)
- Some remarks on the Boolean algebra of nervous nets in mathematical biophysics. (1945) (8)
- Abstract mathematical molecular biology (1961) (8)
- ORGANIC FORM AS DETERMINED BY FUNCTION (1955) (8)
- Possible Brain Mechanisms and Their Physical Models (1931) (8)
- Mathematical biophysics of delayed reflexes in connection with the theory of error elimination (1936) (7)
- A suggestion for another statistical interpretation of the fundamental equations of the mathematical biophysics of the central nervous system. (1945) (7)
- The mechanism of cell division (1939) (7)
- Further contributions to the mathematical theory of human relations (1936) (7)
- MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY OF AUTOMOBILE DRIVING.I. THE SHAPE OF THE TRACKING CURVE ON AN EMPTY STRAIGHT ROAD. (1964) (7)
- FURTHER STUDIES ON THE THEORY OF SPONTANEOUS DISPERSION OF SMALL LIQUID SYSTEMS WHICH ARE THE SEATS OF PHYSICO‐CHEMICAL REACTIONS (1932) (7)
- A note on imitative behavior and information (1951) (7)
- A problem in the mathematical biophysics of blood circulation: II. Relation between pressure and flow of a viscous fluid in an elastic distensible tube (1945) (7)
- Physical aspects of cellular growth and multiplication (1932) (7)
- Chapter 2C – A UNIFIED APPROACH TO PHYSICS, BIOLOGY, AND SOCIOLOGY (1973) (6)
- On the mutual influence of individuals in a social group (1941) (6)
- Mathematical biophysics of cell division (1943) (6)
- MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR: IV. IMITATION EFFECTS AS A FUNCTION OF DISTANCE (1950) (6)
- Physico-Mathematical Aspects of the Gestalt-Problem (1934) (6)
- Two definitions of stability of equilibria (1971) (6)
- Mathematical models and general mathematical principles in biology (1960) (6)
- Further contributions to a probabilistic interpretation of the mathematical biophysics of the central nervous system. (1946) (6)
- The Biophysics of Space and Time (1935) (6)
- A note on biotopology of reproduction (1958) (6)
- Automobile driving as psychophysical discrimination. (1962) (6)
- On periodicities in metabolizing systems. (1948) (6)
- Physicomathematical Aspects of Biology. (1960) (6)
- The principle of adequate design and the cardiovascular system. (1963) (6)
- Contributions to the theory of organismic sets: why are there only two sexes? (1970) (6)
- On imitative behavior. (1960) (6)
- Mathematical biology of division of labor between two individuals or two social groups (1952) (5)
- Contributions to the theory of organismic sets. II. Aggressiveness and submissiveness. (1971) (5)
- PHYSICO-MATHEMATICAL ASPECTS OF EXCITATION AND CONDUCTION IN NERVES (1936) (5)
- The approximation method, relational biology and organismic sets. (1970) (5)
- On the function and design of the lung. (1962) (5)
- SOME POSSIBLE QUANTITATIVE ASPECTS OF A NEUROPHYSIOLOGICAL MODEL OF SCHIZOPHRENIAS. (1965) (5)
- Biological epimorphism, adequate design, and the problem of regeneration (1961) (5)
- Outline of a mathematical approach to history (1953) (5)
- A neural circuit which exhibits some features of epileptic attacks. (1972) (5)
- Mathematical theory of the effects of cell structure and of diffusion processes on the homeostasis and kinetics of the endocrine system with special reference to some periodic psychoses (1963) (5)
- A contribution to the mathematical biology of automobile driving: II. Passing as a case of psychophysical discrimination (1960) (5)
- Suggestions for a mathematical biology of some pathological phenomena in the central nervous system, with special reference to some epilepsies. (1971) (5)
- Contributions to the theory of organismic sets: Leadership (1970) (5)
- Studies in mathematical theory of human relations (1939) (5)
- Relational forces and structures produced by them (1971) (5)
- The Mechanism of Division of Small Liquid Systems Which Are the Seats of Physico-Chemical Reactions II. Instability of Two-Phase Systems (1935) (5)
- ON THE PHYSICAL NATURE OF "CYTOTROPISM" AND ALLIED PHENOMENA AND THEIR BEARING ON THE PHYSICS OF ORGANIC FORM. (1932) (5)
- The Problem of form in Physics and Biology (1929) (5)
- Contributions to the theoretical physics of the cell (1932) (5)
- A contribution to the theory of egoistic and altruistic interactions (1961) (4)
- Can elastic stresses in gels cause the elongation and division of a cell? (1948) (4)
- A note on imitative behavior. (1965) (4)
- Further studies on mathematical physics of metabolizing systems with reference to living cells (1935) (4)
- The problem of exchange between two or more individuals, motivated by hedonistic considerations (1952) (4)
- Contributions to the mathematical biophysics of organic form I. Formation of cavities in cellular aggregates (1940) (4)
- Mathematical theory of the possible role of intercellular fluid and of vascularization on physiological periodicities. (1967) (4)
- Some problems in mathematical biophysics of visual perception and aesthetics (1942) (4)
- Mathematical biology of learning to drive an automobile. (1963) (4)
- PHYSICO‐MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (1936) (4)
- Contributions to the mathematical biophysics of visual aesthetics (1944) (4)
- Studies in mathematical biosociology of imitative behavior: I. Effects of income distribution (1956) (4)
- Suggestions for a mathematical biophysics of auditory perception with special reference to the theory of aesthetic ratings of combinations of musical tones (1942) (4)
- Abstract mathematical molecular biology. II. Some relational consequences of the "one gene-one enzyme" hypothesis. (1962) (4)
- A note on sporadic nonperiodic oscillations in the activity of the endocrine system and on the endocrine-nervous system feedback. (1972) (4)
- Contributions to the mathematical theory of human relations. IV (1940) (4)
- Outline of a mathematical biology of leadership (1950) (4)
- A note on biological periodicities. (1948) (4)
- Imitative behavior in nonuniformly spatially distributed populations (1953) (4)
- The geometrization of biology: A correction (1956) (4)
- Note on the mathematical theory of interaction of social classes (1941) (4)
- Contribution to the mathematical biophysics of automobile driving (1961) (4)
- Some suggestions for a new theory of cell division (1952) (4)
- A note on the nature of correlations between different characteristics of organisms (1941) (3)
- Further studies of some aspects of a neurobiophysical model of schizophrenia. (1966) (3)
- A suggestion of a new approach to the theory of some biological periodicities. (1968) (3)
- An alternate approach to the mathematical biophysics of perception of combinations of musical tones (1942) (3)
- A note on the mathematical theory of the effect of nervous stress on coronary thrombosis. (1969) (3)
- Mathematical theory of the transmission of excitation from one tissue to another (1937) (3)
- Mathematical biosociology of beliefs and prejudices (1951) (3)
- On imitative behavior. II. Time course of change from one behavior to another (1961) (3)
- A NOTE ON A VARIATIONAL PROBLEM IN BIOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY. (1963) (3)
- The epileptic neuron: I (1973) (3)
- Psychophysical discrimination with more than two stimuli (1950) (3)
- Contributions to the mathematical biophysics of organic form III. Deformation of shell shaped cellular aggregates (1940) (3)
- A note on epilepsies and similar disorders. (1972) (3)
- Mathematical biophysics of growth (1939) (3)
- On the variation of the structure of a social group with time (1941) (3)
- Some possible theoretical implications of experiments on the chemical transfer of memory. (1968) (3)
- Mathematical physics of metabolizing systems with reference to living cells (1935) (3)
- A contribution to the mathematical biophycics of visual perception and aesthetics (1944) (3)
- Remark on an interesting problem in topological biology (1957) (3)
- A Unified Approach to Biological and Social Organisms (1968) (3)
- A note on the geometrization of biology (1957) (3)
- Time variable osmotic pressures produced by coupled reactions as a possible cause of cell division. (1949) (3)
- A remark on the possible use of nonoriented graphs in biology. (1968) (3)
- Suggestions for a mathematical model of a pathological neuron with spontaneous repetitive discharges. (1972) (3)
- A note on energy expenditure in walking on level ground and uphill. (1962) (3)
- TWO REMARKS ON THE MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY OF AUTOMOBILE DRIVING. (1964) (3)
- The dynamics of cell constriction during division (1941) (2)
- Organismic sets. Scientific creativity, its spread and applications (1973) (2)
- Note on psychophysical discrimination with more than two stimuli. (1963) (2)
- Contribution to the mathematical theory of human relations: VI. Periodic fluctuations in the behavior of social groups (1943) (2)
- On the so called plasticity of the central nervous system (1939) (2)
- Some consequences of Henri Poincaré's hypothesis about the biological nature of the three-dimensionality of our space (1969) (2)
- Some considerations on the structure of quadruped extremities. (1946) (2)
- Further studies on the shape of the tracking curve of an automobile and its dependence on biological parameters of the driver (1966) (2)
- A note on the mathematical biophysics of ameboid movements (1944) (2)
- Contributions to the mathematical theory of organic form. II Asymmetric metabolism of cellular aggregates (1940) (2)
- A suggestion for a mathematical expression for biological and social organization (1946) (2)
- A note on the diffusion drag forces. (1949) (2)
- On the origin of life (1943) (2)
- A note on the mathematical biology of automobile driving (1967) (2)
- On the theory of amoeboid movements (1943) (2)
- Further contributions to the mathematical biophysics of visual aesthetics (1942) (2)
- Some remarks on the central nervous system. (1972) (2)
- On relation between sets. 3. (1967) (2)
- Neural mechanisms for hedonistic behavior. (1949) (2)
- A note on relations between sets. (1966) (2)
- Sporadic sustained nonperiodic oscillations in the activities of organismic sets. (1971) (2)
- On the Size-Distribution of Colloidal Particles (2)
- A note on Landahl's theory of psychophysical discrimination (1950) (2)
- The effect of environmental factors on the rates of cultural developments (1952) (2)
- Note on the mathematical theory of oxygen consumption at low oxygen pressures (1933) (2)
- Further studies on the mathematical theory of interaction of individuals in a social group (1942) (2)
- Mathematical theory of biological periodicities II. Effect of active transport (1969) (2)
- On the unreliability of judgments of certain social situations by minority groups (1961) (2)
- The mathematical biophysics of some mental phenomena; anxieties and elations. (1946) (1)
- Prolegomena to a dynamics of ideologies (1952) (1)
- Suggestions for a mathematical biology of some cultural developments (1951) (1)
- Suggestions for a mathematical biophysics of some psychoses. (1947) (1)
- Deformation of shell-shaped cellular aggregates: Application to gastrulation (1940) (1)
- Mathematical theories of biological phenomena (1962) (1)
- Further studies on the physical aspects of cellular growth and multiplication (1932) (1)
- A note on topological biology (1959) (1)
- A note on the mathematical theory of vibrations of walls of blood vessels. (1947) (1)
- ON THE PHYSICAL NATURE OF "CYTOTROPISM" AND ALLIED PHENOMENA AND THEIR BEARING ON THE PHYSICS OF ORGANIC FORM (1932) (1)
- Contributions to the theory of imitative behavior: The number of political parties as determined by biological and social factors (1962) (1)
- Note on a case of nonlinear diffusion. (1949) (1)
- The theoretical physics of the cell as a basis for a general physico-chemical theory of organic form (1933) (1)
- Light Emission from a Moving Source in Connection with the Relativity Theory (1921) (1)
- Chapter 2A – MATHEMATICAL ASPECTS OF SOME CARDIOVASCULAR PHENOMENA (1973) (1)
- Mathematical biology of social behavior. (1949) (1)
- Some quantitative aspects of history (1953) (1)
- SOME REMARKS ON ROSEN'S QUANTUM-MECHANICAL APPROACH TO GENETICS. (1964) (1)
- The diffusion and metabolic differences between soma and axon of a neuron. (1973) (1)
- Contribution to the theory of organismic sets, III (1971) (1)
- A contribution to the mathematical biology of social behavior: riots by oppressed groups. (1968) (1)
- Compressibility of Crystals and the Exponent of the Force of Repulsion between Atoms (1929) (1)
- Contributions to the mathematical theory of human relations viii: Size distribution of cities (1944) (1)
- The epileptic neuron. II. (1973) (1)
- On the mutual influence of individuals in a society (1961) (1)
- Some considerations on mathematical molecular biophysics (1940) (1)
- On mass behavior. (1966) (1)
- Reward and punishment in learning with possible reference to punishment for crime. (1966) (1)
- A remark on the distribution of conservative quantities (1950) (1)
- A remark on the course of development of organismic sets (1970) (1)
- SECTION OF BIOLOGY: GENERAL MATHEMATICAL PRINCIPLES IN BIOLOGY* (1958) (1)
- The Size of the Universe (0)
- A note on the cybernetics of segregation. (1965) (0)
- Harold A. White March 4, 1933–July 27, 1965 Obituary notice (1965) (0)
- A contribution to the mathematical biology of the rates of historical development (1954) (0)
- Some cybernetic aspects of sociology: cybernetics of segregation. (1965) (0)
- Some remarks on the mathematical biophysics of organic assymetry (1939) (0)
- A note on the probabilistic approach to the cancer problem. (1948) (0)
- A neural mechanism for adjustment to optimal conditions, with possible reference to visual accommodation (1956) (0)
- A suggestion for a new approach to the mathematical theory of imitative behavior. (1967) (0)
- Organismic sets. Sex in animal and human societies. (1972) (0)
- Some remarks on molecular biology (1960) (0)
- XLII.Light-quanta and Maxwell's equations (1927) (0)
- Victor Sergeevich Ivlev, August 6, 1907-December 4, 1964, obituary notice. (1965) (0)
- Must Our Universe be Infinite (1925) (0)
- Outline of a possible mathematical approach to the problem of the effects of environment upon the incidence of some psychoneuroses (1957) (0)
- On possible reversible changes between arational and rational behavior of society. (1968) (0)
- International Symposium on Mathematical Biology (1970) (0)
- Mathematical biophysics in its relation to the cancer problem (1940) (0)
- Some suggestions for a possible approach to a mathematical biophysics of mitosis. (1949) (0)
- Mathematical biophysics in its relation to the cancer problem (1940) (0)
- The epileptic neuron: II (1974) (0)
- A Russian Text of Ecology (1948) (0)
- A remark on Landahl's theory of learning (1950) (0)
- Note on the mathematical biophysics of temporal sequences of stimuli (1941) (0)
- The diffusion and metabolic differences between soma and axon of a neuron (1973) (0)
- SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON M A T H E M A T I C A L MOLECULAR BIOPHYSICS (0)
- Mathematical biology of automobile driving. V. (1970) (0)
- Contribution to the theory of organismic sets. 3. (1971) (0)
- Book Review:Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Norbert Wiener (1950) (0)
- The Possibility of Other Kinds of Space (1924) (0)
- Book Review:Information Theory and Esthetic Perception. Abraham Moles, Joel C. Cohen (1967) (0)
- Book Review:Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort. George Kingsley Zipf (1951) (0)
- Physicomathematical aspects of biology = Aspetti fisicomatematici della biologia (1962) (0)
- Is Time the Fourth Dimension (1924) (0)
- Contributions to the mathematical theory of human relations III (1940) (0)
- A contribution to the mathematical biology of social behavior: Comparison of non-violent resistance and of riots by oppressed groups (1969) (0)
- Mathematical biology of social behavior. (1949) (0)
- Important announcement to our contributors and readers (1965) (0)
- The role of the individual in social dynamics (1960) (0)
- Some remarks on the mathematical bio-sociology of the relativity of injustice (1969) (0)
- Mathematical theory of biological periodicities. II. (1969) (0)
- Ernesto Trucco, April 10, 1922--August, 1970. (1970) (0)
- A remark on sensory deprivation from the point of view of organismic sets. (1972) (0)
- Hyman Garshin Landau (1967) (0)
- On the Kinetic Theory of the Thermionic Effect (1925) (0)
- A note on a possible mathematical approach to the theory of individual freedom (1958) (0)
- A NOTE ON THE DEVELOPMEN T OF ORGANISMIC SETS (0)
- Theory of ameboid movements. (1947) (0)
- Mathematical biology of automobile driving. 3. (1968) (0)
- A suggestion for a mathematical approach to the problem of the effect of climatic factors on health (1951) (0)
- Cybernetics and Biology.F. H. George (1966) (0)

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