Richard Dawkins
#13 Overall Influence

Richard Dawkins

English ethologist, evolutionary biologist and author

About

Why is this person notable and influential?

Richard Dawkins is an emeritus fellow of New College, Oxford and former University of Oxford’s Professor for Public Understanding of Science, but he is best known for his work in evolutionary biology. He studied zoology at Balliol College, Oxford, earning a bachelor’s degree, M.A., and Ph.D.

Dawkins is a pioneer in the role of genes in evolution. His most well-known book, The Selfish Gene, is an examination of how genetics drive evolutionary change. He also coined the term “meme” in this book, to describe the behavioral equivalent of a gene. A meme, he felt, reflected a cultural touchpoint that, once assumed in popular culture, continued to evolve and change as it passed from one person to another.

In 2006, he published The God Delusion, a book in which he challenges religiosity and its infiltration into government and politics. In his view, children should be taught comparative religion in school without bias, enabling them to draw their own conclusions about religion based on evidence and critical assessment. He is an opponent of the teaching of intelligent design in schools, which he considers a compromise to give oxygen to creationism.

An outspoken atheist, Dawkins has also criticized pseudoscience and alternative medicines. In 2012, a group of ichthyologists from Sri Lanka honored him with a new genus name, Dawkinsia, in recognition of his achievements in evolutionary biology.

Professional Website

Featured in Top Influential Biologists Today

Other Resources

Schools

What schools is this person affiliated with?
University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley

Public research university in Berkeley, California, United States

view profile
University of Oxford
University of Oxford

Collegiate research university in Oxford, England

view profile

Notable Works

What contributions to academia has this person made?
  • River Out of Eden
  • The Ancestor's Tale
  • Unweaving the Rainbow
  • Brief Candle in the Dark: My Life in Science
  • The Blind Watchmaker
  • A Devil's Chaplain
  • The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution
  • The Selfish Gene
  • The Magic of Reality
  • An Appetite for Wonder: The Making of a Scientist
  • Science in the Soul: Selected Writings of a Passionate Rationalist
  • The Extended Phenotype
  • The God Delusion
  • Climbing Mount Improbable
  • Viruses of the Mind
  • Why We Believe in God(s): A Concise Guide to the Science of Faith

Influence Rankings by Discipline

How’s this person influential?
#3 World Rank
Biology
#153 World Rank
Philosophy
#175 World Rank
Sociology
#909 World Rank
Literature