# Stephen Hawking

#544

Most Influential Person Now

British theoretical physicist, cosmologist and author

## Stephen Hawking's Degrees

- Bachelors Natural Science University of Oxford

## Why Is Stephen Hawking Influential?

(Suggest an Edit or Addition)According to Wikipedia, Stephen William Hawking was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge. Between 1979 and 2009, he was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, widely viewed as one of the most prestigious academic posts in the world.

## Stephen Hawking's Published Works

### Published Works

- Particle creation by black holes (1975) (8941)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time (1974) (8643)
- Black hole explosions? (1974) (4040)
- The four laws of black hole mechanics (1973) (2776)
- General Relativity; an Einstein Centenary Survey (1979) (2693)
- Action Integrals and Partition Functions in Quantum Gravity (1977) (2658)
- Cosmological Event Horizons, Thermodynamics, and Particle Creation (1977) (2384)
- Thermodynamics of black holes in anti-de Sitter space (1983) (2304)
- Breakdown of Predictability in Gravitational Collapse (1976) (1900)
- Wave Function of the Universe (1983) (1494)
- The singularities of gravitational collapse and cosmology (1970) (1439)
- The Development of Irregularities in a Single Bubble Inflationary Universe (1982) (1434)
- Zeta function regularization of path integrals in curved spacetime (1977) (1056)
- Gravitationally collapsed objects of very low mass (1971) (1051)
- Gravitational radiation from colliding black holes (1971) (857)
- Black Holes in the Early Universe (1974) (843)
- Path Integral Derivation of Black Hole Radiance (1976) (788)
- Black Holes and Thermodynamics (1976) (710)
- Gravitational Multi - Instantons (1978) (697)
- Black holes in general relativity (1972) (658)
- Soft Hair on Black Holes. (2016) (658)
- Supercooled Phase Transitions in the Very Early Universe (1982) (635)
- A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes (1988) (594)
- The Gravitational Hamiltonian, action, entropy and surface terms (1995) (589)
- The Quantum State of the Universe (1984) (530)
- Classification of Gravitational Instanton symmetries (1979) (481)
- Path Integrals and the Indefiniteness of the Gravitational Action (1978) (451)
- Why is the Universe Isotropic (1973) (441)
- The unpredictability of quantum gravity (1982) (421)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Contents (1973) (419)
- Information loss in black holes (2005) (396)
- The Cosmological Constant Is Probably Zero (1984) (383)
- Brane world black holes (1999) (372)
- GRAVITATIONAL RADIATION IN AN EXPANDING UNIVERSE. (1968) (360)
- Bubble collisions in the very early universe (1982) (360)
- Superrotation charge and supertranslation hair on black holes (2016) (336)
- Perturbations of an Expanding Universe (1966) (326)
- THE NATURE OF SPACE AND TIME (1994) (309)
- Rotation and the AdS / CFT correspondence (1999) (293)
- The path-integral approach to quantum gravity (1993) (288)
- A new topology for curved space–time which incorporates the causal, differential, and conformal structures (1976) (288)
- Space-Time Foam (1979) (274)
- The occurrence of singularities in cosmology. ɪɪɪ. Causality and singularities (1967) (271)
- Gamma rays from primordial black holes (1976) (257)
- The occurrence of singularities in cosmology (1966) (248)
- Charged and rotating AdS black holes and their CFT duals (1999) (245)
- Three Hundred Years of Gravitation (1987) (245)
- Solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations with many black holes (1972) (244)
- Living with ghosts (2001) (243)
- Operator ordering and the flatness of the universe (1986) (238)
- On the Shoulders of Giants (2002) (233)
- Particle Creation by Black Holes (1993) (225)
- Black holes in the Brans-Dicke (1972) (217)
- The Rotation and Distortion of the Universe (1973) (211)
- Quantum coherence down the wormhole (1987) (206)
- NUT charge, anti-de Sitter space, and entropy (1998) (195)
- DeSitter entropy, quantum entanglement and ADS/CFT (2000) (181)
- Black holes from cosmic strings (1989) (178)
- Classical universes of the no-boundary quantum state (2008) (173)
- The Illustrated A Brief History of Time (1996) (172)
- Open inflation without false vacua (1998) (165)
- Information Preservation and Weather Forecasting for Black Holes (2014) (162)
- Brane new world (2000) (158)
- Book Review: A brief history of time: from the big bang to black holes. / Bantam, 1988. (1988) (156)
- Generalized spin structures in quantum gravity (1978) (156)
- Trace anomaly driven inflation (2000) (155)
- (Anti)evaporation of Schwarzschild-de Sitter black holes (1997) (151)
- No-boundary measure of the universe. (2007) (146)
- Erratum: ``Particle creation by black holes'' (1976) (143)
- Black hole entropy and soft hair (2018) (140)
- Quantum gravity and path integrals (1978) (140)
- On the Rotation of the Universe (1969) (140)
- A natural measure on the set of all universes (1987) (139)
- Gravitational entropy and global structure (1998) (139)
- The Universe in a Nutshell (2006) (124)
- Fluctuations in the Inflationary Universe (1983) (122)
- The Cosmic black body radiation and the existence of singularities in our universe (1968) (122)
- How probable is inflation (1988) (121)
- The Information Paradox for Black Holes. (2015) (116)
- Higher derivatives in quantum cosmology: (I). The isotropic case (1984) (112)
- The existence of cosmic time functions (1969) (111)
- Occurrence of singularities in open universes (1965) (107)
- Symmetry Breaking by Instantons in Supergravity (1978) (106)
- The Boundary Conditions of the Universe (1981) (99)
- The gravitational Hamiltonian in the presence of non-orthogonal boundaries (1996) (98)
- Causally continuous spacetimes (1974) (96)
- Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays (1993) (95)
- Singularities in the Universe (1966) (91)
- Quantum gravitational bubbles (1980) (90)
- An introductory survey (1979) (86)
- Is the end in sight for theoretical physics? : an inaugural lecture (1980) (84)
- The theory of everything : the origin and fate of the universe (2005) (83)
- The boundary conditions for gauged supergravity (1983) (81)
- Populating the landscape: A Top down approach (2006) (76)
- On the shoulders of giants : the great works of physics and astronomy (2002) (73)
- Open inflation, the four form and the cosmological constant (1998) (71)
- Selection rules for topology change (1992) (71)
- Stephen Hawking: \'Transcendence looks at the implications of artificial intelligence - but are we taking AI seriously enough?\' (2014) (70)
- God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History (2005) (69)
- EUCLIDEAN QUANTUM GRAVITY (1993) (68)
- The quantum mechanics of black holes. (1977) (64)
- The occurrence of singularities in cosmology. II (1966) (63)
- Gravitational waves in open de Sitter space (2000) (63)
- THEORY OF THE DETECTION OF SHORT BURSTS OF GRAVITATIONAL RADIATION. (1971) (61)
- The propagation of particles in spacetime foam (1979) (61)
- Non-trivial topologies in quantum gravity (1984) (58)
- Supersymmetric Bianchi models and the square root of the Wheeler-DeWitt equation (1993) (56)
- The conservation of matter in general relativity (1970) (56)
- Helium Production in an Anisotropic Big-Bang Cosmology (1966) (55)
- Trace anomaly of dilaton coupled scalars in two-dimensions (1997) (54)
- Baby universes and the non-renormalizability of gravity (1988) (53)
- Interacting quantum fields around a black hole (1981) (52)
- Quantum probabilities for inflation from holography (2012) (51)
- Stable and generic properties in general relativity (1971) (51)
- THE GRAND DESIGN (2010) (51)
- The Very early universe : proceedings of the Nuffield workshop, Cambridge, 21 June to 9 July, 1982 (1983) (50)
- No-boundary measure in the regime of eternal inflation (2010) (49)
- The Isotropy of the Universe (1984) (49)
- A smooth exit from eternal inflation? (2017) (48)
- The Grand Design: New Answers to the Ultimate Questions of Life (2011) (46)
- Limits on inflationary models of the universe (1985) (46)
- Local observation in eternal inflation. (2010) (46)
- Naked and thunderbolt singularities in black hole evaporation (1993) (45)
- G?odel and the End of Physics (2002) (44)
- Do wormholes fix the constants of nature (1990) (40)
- Lorentzian condition in quantum gravity (1998) (40)
- Black holes and baby universes (1995) (40)
- A Briefer History of Time (2005) (38)
- Bulk charges in eleven dimensions (1997) (37)
- The no boundary condition and the arrow of time. (1994) (35)
- Singularities and the geometry of spacetime (2014) (34)
- Models for chronology selection (1997) (33)
- Numerical calculations of minisuperspace cosmological models (1985) (33)
- Hawking on the Big Bang and Black Holes (1993) (33)
- Accelerated Expansion from Negative $\Lambda$ (2012) (31)
- Volume Weighting in the No Boundary Proposal (2007) (31)
- Loss of quantum coherence through scattering off virtual black holes (1997) (31)
- Baby Universes II (1990) (31)
- Comment on `Quantum Creation of an Open Universe', by Andrei Linde (1998) (30)
- The measure of the universe (2007) (27)
- Who's afraid of (higher derivative) ghosts? (1987) (26)
- The conformal BMS group (2017) (26)
- Gravitational radiation from collapsing cosmic string loops (1990) (24)
- Particle creation by black holes (1976) (23)
- The Dreams Stuff Is Made Of (2011) (23)
- Primordial Black Holes: Pair Creation, Lorentzian Condition, and Evaporation (1999) (21)
- The event horizon. (1973) (21)
- The Density Matrix of the Universe (1987) (21)
- Cosmology from the Top Down (2003) (20)
- Evolution of near extremal black holes (1997) (20)
- Eye-based Human Computer Interaction Allowing Phoning, Reading E-Book/E-Comic/E-Learning, Internet Browsing, and TV Information Extraction (2012) (20)
- On the Hoyle-Narlikar theory of gravitation (1965) (20)
- The Formation and evolution of cosmic strings : proceedings of a workshop supported by the SERC and held in Cambridge, 3-7 July, 1989 (1990) (19)
- Comments on cosmic censorship (1979) (19)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Differential geometry (1973) (18)
- A variational principle for black holes (1973) (18)
- Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time: A Reader's Companion (1992) (18)
- The (elusive) theory of everything. (2010) (18)
- The Future of Spacetime (2002) (18)
- Properties of expanding universes (1966) (18)
- The Edge of Spacetime (1984) (18)
- The effective action for wormholes (1991) (17)
- Superspace and supergravity : proceedings of the Nuffield workshop, Cambridge, June 16 - July 12, 1980 (1981) (16)
- Lectures on Quantum Cosmology (1988) (16)
- The Anisotropy of the Universe at Large Times (1974) (16)
- The Theory of Everything (2002) (15)
- The cosmological constant (1983) (15)
- Inflation, singular instantons and eleven-dimensional cosmology (1998) (15)
- Computer and Web Resources for People with Disabilities: A Guide to Exploring Today's Assistive Technology (2000) (13)
- General relativity (1974) (12)
- Into the universe with Stephen Hawking (2011) (11)
- Stability of AdS and phase transitions (2000) (10)
- On the revolutions of heavenly spheres : on the shoulders of giants (2002) (9)
- Evidence for Black Holes in Binary Star Systems (1971) (9)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Translation of an essay by P. S. Laplace (1973) (9)
- The no-boundary proposal and the arrow of time (1993) (9)
- The Cosmological Constant and the Weak Anthropic Principle (1982) (8)
- Black holes in inflation (1997) (8)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Preface (1973) (7)
- THE ANALOGY BETWEEN BLACK‐HOLE MECHANICS AND THERMODYNAMICS (1973) (7)
- Gravitational radiation: the theoretical aspect (2009) (7)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: The role of gravity (1973) (7)
- Vector fields in holographic cosmology (2013) (7)
- Erratum: Lorentzian condition in quantum gravity [Phys. Rev. D 59, 103501 (1999)] (1999) (6)
- The alpha parameters of wormholes (1991) (6)
- Rotating charged dust as a source for cylindrically symmetric electrovacs (1984) (6)
- George's Secret Key to the Universe (2007) (6)
- BLACK HOLES AND UNPREDICTABILITY (1977) (6)
- BLACK HOLES ARE WHITE HOT fn1 (1975) (5)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: The initial singularity in the universe (1973) (5)
- Evaporation of Primordial Black Holes (1998) (5)
- Wormholes and Non-simply Connected Manifolds (1991) (4)
- Pair creation and evolution of black holes in inflation. (1996) (4)
- Singularities in collapsing stars and universes (1969) (4)
- Singularities in Collapsing Stars and Expanding Universes (1969) (4)
- Book-Review - the Very Early Universe (1985) (4)
- The Grand Design: Rancang Agung (2011) (4)
- Book-Review - Three Hundred Years of Gravitation (1993) (3)
- The Essential Einstein: His Greatest Works (1995) (3)
- The illustrated theory of everything : the origin and fate of the universe (2003) (3)
- Yang-Mills instantons and the S-matrix (1979) (3)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: General Relativity (1973) (3)
- Using the Singularity Research Development Kit (2005) (3)
- BLACK HOLES AND THE INFORMATION PARADOX (2005) (2)
- The Future of the Universe (1991) (2)
- Book Review: The formation and evolution of cosmic strings / Cambridge U Press, 1991 (1991) (2)
- Pair Creation and Evolution of Black Holes During Inflation (1996) (2)
- Why is the apparent cosmological constant zero (1982) (2)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: The physical significance of curvature (1973) (2)
- Automated and Feature-Based Problem Characterization and Algorithm Selection Through Machine Learning (2018) (2)
- George's Cosmic Treasure Hunt (2009) (2)
- The theory of the NHS (2017) (2)
- George and the Big Bang (2011) (2)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Space–time singularities (1973) (2)
- Preparation and Properties of a New Type of Coal Dust Suppressant (2021) (2)
- Schrödinger: The Schrödinger equation of the Universe (1987) (2)
- Singularities and the geometry of spacetime (2014) (2)
- Acausal Propagation in Quantum Gravity (1981) (2)
- Black Holes (2016) (2)
- Hawking atheopathy: famous physicist goes beyond the evidence (2011) (1)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: The Cauchy problem in General Relativity (1973) (1)
- Evaporation of Cosmological Black Holes (1998) (1)
- Dr Stephen Hawking's disability advice (2009) (1)
- BLACK HOLE THERMODYNAMICS TODAYaT (1)
- Performance Optimization of Cement-Fly Ash Grouting Material Based on Response Surface Methodology (2021) (1)
- Stephen Hawking and Schrödinger's Cat (1994) (1)
- Eternal inflation without metaphysics (2010) (1)
- Primordial Black Holes: Tunnelling vs. No Boundary Proposal (1996) (1)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: References (1973) (1)
- Should China build the Great Collider (2018) (1)
- Black Holes and Binary Stars (1971) (1)
- The Loss of Quantum Coherence due to Virtual Black Holes (1984) (1)
- Newton’s Principia (1949) (1)
- The Grand Design. Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow (2010) (1)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Notation (1973) (1)
- The Quantum Mechanics of the Universe (1984) (1)
- The Future of space-time (2002) (1)
- Book-Review - 300 Years of Gravitation (1987) (1)
- Asia-Pacific Development Journal, June 2017 (2017) (1)
- Supersymmetry and its applications : superstrings, anomalies and supergravity : proceedings of a Workshop supported by the SERC and the Ralph Smith and Nuffield Foundations, Cambridge, 23 June to 14 July, 1985 (1986) (1)
- in Artificial Intelligence in From text to data inside bibliographic records. Entity recognition and entity linking of contributors and their roles from statements of responsibility (2022) (0)
- Black hole entropy and soft hair (2018) (0)
- Rebuild your childhood with ourLego brick competition (2013) (0)
- The role of inflammation in the coupling of atherosclerosis and osteoporosis (0)
- Quantum Aspects of Accretion onto Black Holes in the Early Universe (1974) (0)
- CHAPTER THREE. Quantum Black Holes (2010) (0)
- Time (1999) (0)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Spherically symmetric solutions and Birkhoff's theorem (1973) (0)
- Introduction Western Europe Western Offshoots Eastern Europe (2011) (0)
- Professor William Craig's Criticisms Of Critiques Of Kalam Cosmological Arguments By Paul Davies, Stephen Hawking, And Adolf Grunbaum (2009) (0)
- George and the Unbreakable Code (2014) (0)
- Arrow of Time in Cosmology (1987) (0)
- Reading the Mind of God (2007) (0)
- Activation of π-systems in Lewis acid mediated homogenous catalysis (2015) (0)
- The Beginning of the Universe (1991) (0)
- CHAPTER SEVEN. The Debate (2010) (0)
- Use of Exemplar Surveys to Reveal Implicit Types of Intelligence (2002) (0)
- The C lassicalU niverses ofthe N o-B oundary Q uantum State (2013) (0)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Causal structure (1973) (0)
- VARIATION OF AMINO ACIDS IN SOME BIOLOGICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL SAMPLE USING FT-IR STUDY (2016) (0)
- Ju l 1 99 8 DAMTP-1998-85 Inflation , Singular Instantons and Eleven Dimensional Cosmology (1998) (0)
- The Hawking Phenomenon: 1942-2018 (2018) (0)
- Instrumented Fugl-Meyer to assess upper limb motor impairment and recovery after stroke : reliability and association with clinical scores (2019) (0)
- Book-Review - General Relativity - an Einstein Centenary (1979) (0)
- Why did the Universe Inflate (2009) (0)
- Bot accounts Ensemble Classification on Twitter (2021) (0)
- Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays 1st edition (2017) (0)
- The Large Scale Structure of Space–Time: Gravitational collapse and black holes (1973) (0)
- 1 3 Se p 20 10 Eternal inflation without metaphysics (2010) (0)
- The Future Of Quantum Cosmology (2001) (0)
- On rotating charged dust in general relativity (1978) (0)
- ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES AND TRANSISTOR APPLICATIONS OF MoS 2 / MX 2 / MoS 2 TRILAYER HETEROSTRUCTURES (2016) (0)
- Inflation with Negative \Lambda (2012) (0)
- STRING COSMOLOGICAL MODEL WITH BULK VISCOSITY IN GENERAL RELATIVITY STRING COSMOLOGICAL MODEL WITH BULK VISCOSITY AND MAGNETIC FIELD INVESTIGATONS ON SOME BIANCHI TYPE – III STRING COSMOLOGICAL MODELS (2018) (0)
- Counterfeit Product Detection with Deep Learning (2018) (0)
- Supersymmetry and its applications: Superstrings, anomalies and supergravity; Proceedings of the Workshop, Cambridge University, England, June 23-July 14, 1985 (1986) (0)
- Book-Review - General Relativity (1981) (0)
- The quantum amplitude for the Universe (2008) (0)
- Tales of wonder (2016) (0)
- Quantum Entanglem entand AdS / CFT (0)
- Book Reviews The Very Early Universe, Proceedings of the Nuffield Workshop, Cambridge 21 (2015) (0)
- Lecture 5: Non-Local Games (2015) (0)
- ホ-キングvs.ペンロ-ズ--時空の本質をめぐる論争 (1996) (0)
- From Agile Delivery, to an Agile Organization (2019) (0)
- Speech synthesis 1 Speech synthesis (2012) (0)
- CHAPTER ONE. Classical Theory (2010) (0)
- George and the Blue Moon (2016) (0)
- Paul Dirac: Dirac Memorial Address (1998) (0)
- Book-Review - a Brief History of Time - an Interactive Adventure (1995) (0)
- CHAPTER FIVE. Quantum Cosmology (2010) (0)
- Kant’s philosophy-An overall evaluation of transcendental aesthetics: Index 4.1 Introduction: 4.1.1 Kant's contemporary significance: 4.1.2 Kant's works: 4.1.3 Kant's critique of Pure Reason: 4.2 Kant's problem and Copernican revolutions: 4.3 Kant's theory of space and time transcendental aesthetics (2014) (0)
- The definition and occurrence of singularities in general relativity (1971) (0)
- BOOKS, 1987–1996 (2021) (0)
- 1 Formalism of the nonlinear Schrödinger equations (2011) (0)
- Trilling Outlines Challenges , Priorities for APS in a Time of Change (0)
- Inflation Reputation Reparation (1989) (0)
- BIBLICAL COSMOLOGICAL MODELS – MICROCOSMOS (2016) (0)
- Stephen Hawking's 60 years in a nutshell (2010) (0)
- The Renaissance of General Relativity and Cosmology: Evaporation of two dimensional black holes (1993) (0)
- It's a bouncing baby Bombe (2007) (0)
- The Haiku and the Double Helix ‐ Fall 2004 (2008) (0)
- The Nature of Space and Time Two relativists present their distinctive views on the universe , its evolution and the impact of quantum theory (2009) (0)
- Book-Review - Superspace and Supergravity (1981) (0)
- A debate on open inflation (1999) (0)
- 2 The Wave Function of the Universe (0)
- Gambling with the Universe (2002) (0)
- On the influence of the protein kinases pCKII, STN7 and STN8 on chloroplast phosphorylation networks in Arabidopsis thaliana (2019) (0)
- THE IMPACT OF BINARY STARS IN THE DETERMINATION OF THE TOTAL MASS OF STELLAR SYSTEMS (2019) (0)
- Rotation and the Ads/cft Correspondence Typeset Using Revt E X (1998) (0)
- LARGE N COSMOLOGY (2001) (0)
- Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich 1914–1987 (1990) (0)
- The very early universe. Proceedings of the Nuffield Workshop, held at Cambridge, England, 21 June - 9 July, 1982. (1983) (0)
- Case analysis of sudden cracking in buildings near landfill pit (2022) (0)
- Clinical Study on Prevention of Nasal Injury during Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Neonates (2021) (0)
- A smooth exit from eternal inflation? (2018) (0)
- Particle Creation by Black Holes (2021) (0)
- Superrotation charge and supertranslation hair on black holes (2017) (0)
- The Future Won't Look Like the Present (2004) (0)
- The conformal BMS group (2017) (0)
- Vector fields in holographic cosmology (2013) (0)

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## Other Resources About Stephen Hawking

## What Schools Are Affiliated With Stephen Hawking?

Stephen Hawking is affiliated with the following schools:

## What Are Stephen Hawking's Academic Contributions?

Stephen Hawking has made the following academic contributions: