English philosopher, biologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist
According to Wikipedia,
Herbert Spencer was an English philosopher, biologist, anthropologist, and sociologist famous for his hypothesis of social Darwinism whereby superior physical force shapes history. Spencer originated the expression "survival of the fittest", which he coined in Principles of Biology after reading Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species. The term strongly suggests natural selection, yet Spencer saw evolution as extending into realms of sociology and ethics, so he also supported Lamarckism.
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Herbert Spencer is most known for their academic work in the field of sociology. They are also known for their academic work in the fields of anthropology, communications, philosophy, biology, psychology, economics, and literature.
Herbert Spencer has made the following academic contributions: