#1 Overall Influence

Aristotle

Ancient Greek philosopher

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From Wikipedia

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Lyceum, the Peripatetic school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition. His writings cover many subjects including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics, meteorology, geology and government. Aristotle provided a complex synthesis of the various philosophies existing prior to him. It was above all from his teachings that the West inherited its intellectual lexicon, as well as problems and methods of inquiry. As a result, his philosophy has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be a subject of contemporary philosophical discussion.

Source: Wikipedia

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Influence Rankings by Discipline

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#1 World Rank
Philosophy
#1 World Rank
Education
#2 World Rank
Biology
#2 World Rank
Physics
#3 World Rank
Literature
#3 World Rank
Earth Sciences
#4 World Rank
Mathematics