Arthur Gossard

#27,335
Most Influential Person

American scientist

Why Is Arthur Gossard Influential?

Arthur Gossard holds the titles of Professor Emeritus and Research Professor in Materials and Electrical & Computer Engineering at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Gossard earned his B.A. at Harvard University, and his Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley.

Gossard did his most influential work at Bell Laboratories. His work is most focused in molecular beam epitaxy, which relates to the growth of artificially structured materials. Essentially, this method is used to to “grow” thin-film crystal layers for the fabrication of semiconductor devices (the “guts” of all modern technologies). In particular, Gossard’s research has been fundamental in developing the methods used for developing nanotechnology. Additionally, he is co-discoverer of the Quantum Confined Stark Effect and the Fractal Quantum Hall Effect.

For his work, Gossard has received awards and honors including the National Medal of Technology and Innovation, the AAAA Newcomb Cleveland Prize, fellowship with the Electron Devices Society, and induction into the National Academy of Engineering, as well as the National Academy of Sciences.

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According to Wikipedia, Arthur C. Gossard is a professor of materials and electrical engineering at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In 1982, he co-discovered the fractional quantum Hall effect. His research is related to molecular beam epitaxy . He has a doctorate in physics from UC Berkeley. After university, he joined Bell Labs.

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