Howard Gardner
#1572 Overall Influence

Howard Gardner

American developmental psychologist


Why is this person notable and influential?

Howard Gardner was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania in 1943. He grew up in a household where education was highly valued, and as a result, he grew up a curious and highly motivated student. Gardner completed his BA in social relations at Harvard in 1965, a master’s at the London School of Economics, and a Ph.D. in developmental psychology at Harvard, where he studied under such luminaries as Erik Erikson and Jerome Bruner. Having spent his entire career advancing our understanding of teaching and learning, Howard Gardner currently holds the title of the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Research Professor of Cognition and Education at Harvard University. He is also the director of Harvard Project Zero, and co-director of The Good Project.

Gardner is a developmental psychologist, most interested in intelligence and information processing. In particular, Gardner is recognized for his theory of multiple intelligences, which argues that human beings have different, independent ways of processing information. His analysis concluded that there are eight (and possibly ten) different types of intelligence: kinesthetic, musical, linguistic, naturalistic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, spatial, and logical, and possibly, pedagogical and existential. Though his theory remains somewhat in dispute, he has provided another way of looking at what we know about how humans learn.

Popular books from Gardner include Changing Minds: The Art and Science of Changing Our Own and Other Peoples Minds, Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons in Theory and Practice and Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences.

For his work, Gardner has received a variety of awards and honors, including a MacArthur Prize Fellowship, a Grawemeyer Award in Education, a Guggenheim Fellowship, and a William James Award from the American Psychological Association.

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What schools is this person affiliated with?
Harvard University
Harvard University

Private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

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New York University
New York University

Private research university in New York City

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Boston University
Boston University

Private research university in Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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How’s this person influential?
#9 World Rank #3 USA Rank
#120 World Rank #52 USA Rank
#2449 World Rank #658 USA Rank
#3551 World Rank #687 USA Rank