# Murray Gell-Mann

American physicist

## Murray Gell-Mann's AcademicInfluence.com Rankings

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Physics

## Why Is Murray Gell-Mann Influential?

(Suggest an Edit or Addition)According to Wikipedia, Murray Gell-Mann was an American physicist who played a preeminent role in the development of the theory of elementary particles. Gell-Mann introduced the concept of quarks as the fundamental building blocks of the strongly interacting particles, and the renormalization group as a foundational element of quantum field theory and statistical mechanics. He played key roles in developing the concept of chirality in the theory of the weak interactions and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking in the strong interactions, which controls the physics of the light mesons. In the 1970s he was a co-inventor of Quantum Chromodynamics which explains the confinement of quarks in mesons and baryons and forms a large part of the Standard Model of elementary particles and forces.

## Murray Gell-Mann's Published Works

### Published Works

- Complex spinors and unified theories (2013) (1959)
- Symmetries of baryons and mesons (1962) (1587)
- The axial vector current in beta decay (1960) (1574)
- Theory of the Fermi Interaction (1958) (1356)
- Behavior of current divergences under SU3×SU3 (1968) (1185)
- A Schematic Model of Baryons and Mesons (1964) (1109)
- Advantages of the color octet gluon picture (1973) (1067)
- QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS AT SMALL DISTANCES (1954) (989)
- Correlation Energy of an Electron Gas at High Density (1957) (875)
- Nonextensive Entropy: Interdisciplinary Applications (2004) (794)
- The Symmetry Group of the Vector and Axial Vector Currents. (1964) (684)
- Bound States in Quantum Field Theory (1951) (595)
- Quantum Mechanics in the Light of Quantum Cosmology (2018) (512)
- A Theory of Everything. (Book Reviews: The Quark and the Jaguar. Adventures in the Simple and the Complex.) (1994) (455)
- The formal theory of scattering (1953) (410)
- THE EIGHTFOLD WAY (1965) (400)
- Information measures, effective complexity, and total information (1996) (361)
- Scattering of Low-Energy Photons by Particles of Spin ½ (1954) (349)
- What Is Complexity (2002) (345)
- Decay rates of Neutral Mesons (1962) (316)
- THE EIGHTFOLD WAY: A THEORY OF STRONG INTERACTION SYMMETRY (1961) (293)
- What is complexity? Remarks on simplicity and complexity by the Nobel Prize-winning author of The Quark and the Jaguar (1995) (279)
- Use of Causality Conditions in Quantum Theory (1954) (276)
- Behavior of neutral particles under charge conjugation (1955) (265)
- Color Embeddings, Charge Assignments, and Proton Stability in Unified Gauge Theories (1978) (217)
- Series of hadron energy levels as representations of non-compact groups☆ (1965) (213)
- Form Factors and Vector Mesons (1961) (212)
- Isotopic Spin and New Unstable Particles (1953) (208)
- Books-Received - the Quark and the Jaguar - Adventures in the Simple and the Complex (1994) (205)
- Asymptotically scale-invariant occupancy of phase space makes the entropy Sq extensive (2005) (188)
- Nonleptonic weak decays and the eightfold way (1964) (180)
- Elementary Particles of Conventional Field Theory as Regge Poles. III (1962) (176)
- The interpretation of the new particles as displaced charge multiplets (1956) (161)
- Behavior of Current Divergences under SU 3 × SU 3 (2010) (161)
- Complex adaptive systems (1999) (159)
- Current Algebra – Quarks and what else? (2002) (155)
- Vectorlike weak currents and new elementary fermions (1975) (150)
- REPRESENTATION OF LOCAL CURRENT ALGEBRA AT INFINITE MOMENTUM (1966) (135)
- Hyperons and Heavy Mesons (Systematics and Decay) (1957) (133)
- TEST OF THE NATURE OF THE VECTOR INTERACTION IN /cap beta/ DECAY (1958) (132)
- Model of the strong couplings (1957) (132)
- The origin and evolution of word order (2011) (132)
- Approximate symmetry and the algebra of current components (1965) (122)
- EXPERIMENTAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE HYPOTHESIS OF REGGE POLES (1962) (119)
- Time Symmetry and Asymmetry in Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Cosmology (1993) (118)
- On the decay rate of the charged pion (1960) (113)
- The Interactions Between pi-Mesons and Nucleons (1954) (112)
- Generalized entropies and the transformation group of superstatistics (2011) (111)
- Gauge Theories of Vector Particles (1961) (106)
- Group U(6)⊗U(6) Generated by Current Components (1964) (106)
- The quality of information (1997) (89)
- Factorization of Coupling to Regge Poles (1962) (88)
- Dimensional reduction of spacrtime induced by nonlinear scalar dynamics and noncompact extra dimensions (1985) (85)
- Numerical indications of a q-generalised central limit theorem (2005) (84)
- Quasiclassical coarse graining and thermodynamic entropy (2006) (84)
- Complexity and Complex Adaptive Systems (1992) (83)
- Generalization of symmetric alpha-stable Lévy distributions for q>1. (2009) (82)
- Specific Heat of a Degenerate Electron Gas at High Density (1957) (80)
- Spacetime compactification induced by scalars (1984) (77)
- Alternative decohering histories in quantum mechanics (1991) (77)
- Evaluating gambles using dynamics. (2014) (74)
- Effective Complexity (1995) (73)
- Curling up two spatial dimensions with SU(1,1)/U(1) (1984) (68)
- Decoherent Histories Quantum Mechanics with One 'Real' Fine-Grained History (2011) (64)
- Consequences of Charge Independence for Nuclear Reactions Involving Photons (1953) (63)
- APPLICATIONS OF THE ALGEBRA OF CURRENT COMPONENTS (1965) (63)
- Amelioration of divergence difficulties in the theory of weak interactions (1969) (62)
- Equivalent sets of histories and multiple quasiclassical domains (1994) (54)
- Supergravity as geometry of superspace (1978) (53)
- Angular momentum and the algebra of current components (1965) (48)
- Let's call it plectics (1995) (48)
- Strong Decoherence (1995) (46)
- How multiplicity determines entropy and the derivation of the maximum entropy principle for complex systems (2014) (46)
- On the renormalization of the axial vector coupling constant in β-decay (1960) (46)
- Extensivity and entropy production (2005) (45)
- Observant Readers Take the Measure of Novel Approaches to Quantum Theory; Some Get Bohmed (1999) (45)
- Supergravity and Superstrings (1986) (43)
- Simplicity and Complexity in the Description of Nature (1988) (42)
- Elementary particles and the universe : essays in honor of Murray Gell-Mann (1992) (39)
- Strongly Interacting Particles (1964) (35)
- Extended supergravity as geometry of superspace (1978) (35)
- The Eightfold way: a review with a collection of reprints (1964) (34)
- The Reaction gamma+gamma --> nu+nu [] (1961) (34)
- Longitudinal plasma oscillations in an electric field (1960) (32)
- High-Energy Nuclear Scattering and Regge Poles (1962) (30)
- Adaptive coarse graining, environment, strong decoherence, and quasiclassical realms (2013) (28)
- Light Cone Current Algebra (2003) (27)
- BEHAVIOR OF CURRENT DIVERGENCES UNDER SU$sub 3$ x SU . (1968) (27)
- Generalized entropies and logarithms and their duality relations (2012) (26)
- Broken Symmetries and Bare Coupling Constants (1961) (25)
- RECORDS OF NEW AND UNUSUAL BIRDS FROM NORTHERN BOLIVIA (1991) (25)
- THE EVOLUTION OF HUMAN LANGUAGES (1992) (24)
- Understanding Complexity In The Prehistoric Southwest (1999) (24)
- Analyzing genetic connections between languages by matching consonant classes 1 (2010) (23)
- Light cone current algebra, $\pi^0$ decay, and $e^+ e^-$ annihilation (1972) (22)
- QUESTIONS FOR THE FUTURE (1980) (21)
- Current-Generated Algebras (1964) (19)
- Fundamental sources of unpredictability (1997) (19)
- THE GIANT NUCLEAR DIPOLE RESONANCE (1953) (18)
- The Rise of the Standard Model: Quarks, Color, and QCD (1997) (18)
- Status of Weak Interactions (1959) (17)
- ON THE DAMPING OF VIRTUAL NUCLEON-PAIR FORMATION IN PSEUDOSCALAR MESON THEORY (1953) (16)
- Equivalent Sets of Histories and Multiple Quasiclassical Realms (1994) (16)
- Consciousness, Reduction, and Emergence (2001) (16)
- How scientists can really help (1971) (14)
- Regularities and Randomness (2003) (14)
- Dick Feynman—The Guy in the Office Down the Hall (1989) (14)
- Pions to quarks: Progress in elementary particle theory, 1950–1964 (1989) (14)
- 1 Complex Adaptive Systems (2001) (13)
- Transformations of the twenty-first century: transitions to greater sustainability (2010) (12)
- FROM RENORMALIZABILITY TO CALCULABILITY (1986) (12)
- Broken scale invariance and the light cone : Lectures from the Coral Gables Conference on Fundamental Interactions at High Energy, January 20-22, 1971 (1971) (11)
- Electromagnetic Corrections to the B 12 -N 12 β-Spectrum Ratio (1959) (11)
- Incidence of q statistics in rank distributions (2014) (11)
- Symmetric $(q,\alpha)$-Stable Distributions. Part II: Second Representation (2006) (10)
- Symmetric $(q,\alpha)$-Stable Distributions. Part I: First Representation (2006) (10)
- The global commons : policy for the planet (1990) (10)
- Understanding Complexity in the Prehistoric Southwest@@@Evolving Complexity and Environmental Risk in the Prehistoric Southwest (1998) (9)
- “Prepotentials” in a superspace formulation of supergravity (1978) (9)
- Fundamental Sources of Unpredictability a (1999) (9)
- Consciousness, reduction, and emergence. Some remarks. (2001) (8)
- A generalization of the Zipf-Mandelbrot Law in Linguistics (2004) (8)
- Science Over Politics (1999) (8)
- Particles and principles (1964) (7)
- Change of isotopic spin in the Kπ2 decay (1957) (7)
- The Evolution of human languages : proceedings of the Workshop on the Evolution of Human Languages, held August, 1989 in Santa Fe, New Mexico (1992) (6)
- Tsvetovaya simmetriya, raspredeleniya elektricheskogo zaryada i stabil'nost' protona v edinykh kalibrovochnykh teoriyakh (1980) (6)
- Symmetry violation in hadron physics (1983) (6)
- Special scale-invariant occupancy of phase space makes the entropy Sq additive (2005) (6)
- Plectics: The study of simplicity and complexity (2002) (6)
- q-generalization of symmetric alpha-stable distributions. Part II (2006) (5)
- Regularities in Human Affairs (2011) (5)
- Ballistic Missile Defense and the Arms Race (1989) (5)
- Plant Spread Dynamics and Spatial Patterns in Forest Ecology (2004) (5)
- 50 years of quarks (2015) (4)
- Particle Theory From S-Matrix to Quarks (2010) (4)
- Theoretical interpretation of new particles (1956) (4)
- Nature conformable to herself: Some arguments for a unified theory of the universe (1996) (4)
- Visions of a Sustainable World (1992) (4)
- SOME LESSONS FROM SIXTY YEARS OF THEORIZING (2010) (3)
- The Garden of Live Flowers (2010) (3)
- Nature Conformable to Herself (2010) (3)
- Nobel laureates' letter to President Bush. (2001) (3)
- Current Topics in Particle Physics (1967) (3)
- The eightfold way : with new contributions from the authors (2000) (3)
- q-GENERALIZATION OF SYMMETRIC α-STABLE DISTRIBUTIONS. PART II (2006) (3)
- Perspective: Meeting of minds (2012) (3)
- Applications of Regge poles (1962) (2)
- M ay 2 00 8 SYMMETRIC ( q , α )-STABLE DISTRIBUTIONS . PART I : FIRST REPRESENTATION (2008) (2)
- Strange particles and weak interactions (1957) (2)
- THE VACUUM TRAJECTORY IN CONVENTIONAL FIELD THEORY (1964) (2)
- THE AXIAL VECTOR CURRENT IN BETA DECAY. Technical Note No. 17 (1960) (2)
- TRIPLETS AND TRIALITY (1964) (2)
- The Story of Quarks (2013) (2)
- ISIS Opening Address: Complexity versus Simplicity (2005) (2)
- ELEMENTARY PARTICLES OF MATTER. (1968) (2)
- Symmetry Properties of Fields (1961) (2)
- The Concept of the Institute 1 (2018) (2)
- A Vector-Spinor Bootstrap as an Identity (1964) (1)
- Light-Cone Algebra, \pi^0 Decay and e^+ e^- Annihilation (2002) (1)
- Light-Cone Algebra, π^0 Decay and e^+ e^- Annihilation (2002) (1)
- Air-Supported Anti-Infiltration Barrier. (1966) (1)
- Indirect Approaches to Fundamental Theory (1996) (1)
- Valentine Louis Telegdi (2006) (1)
- Recent Work on Representation of Current Algebra (1968) (1)
- Superstring Theory: Closing Talk at the Second Nobel Symposium on Particle Physics Marstrand, Sweden, June 7,1986 (1989) (1)
- Pulling diamonds from the clay (1999) (1)
- Doe Research and Development Report (2010) (1)
- VALUE OF SCHEMES IN SCIENTIFIC THEORY. (1971) (1)
- Strange Particle Physics. Strong Interactions (2018) (1)
- Elimination of redundancy in superspace equations of supergravity. [Field equation minimal list] (2008) (1)
- Present Trends in the Theory of Hadrons (1977) (1)
- RELATIVISTIC QUARK MODEL AS REPRESENTATION OF CURRENT ALGEBRA. (1966) (1)
- Dick Feynman - The Guy in the Office Down the Hall (2010) (0)
- An American Physicist in Moscow (1956) (0)
- APPROXIMATE SYMMETRIES OF HADRONS. (1968) (0)
- Decoherent Histories Quantum Mechanics and Copenhagen Quantum Mechanics (2021) (0)
- Progress in Elementary Particle Theory, 1946-1973: Outline in Technical Language (2010) (0)
- Complexity at large (1996) (0)
- Opening remarks to the session on new concepts (1988) (0)
- Superstring Theory and the Real World (2014) (0)
- Report on “the Conference on the Structure of S-Matrix” Held at Hokkaido University in August, 1964 (1964) (0)
- An Exchange of Letters in PHYSICS TODAY on Quantum Theory Without Observers February 1999 (2007) (0)
- Is the whole universe composed of superstrings (2008) (0)
- Possible triplets in the eightfold way (1964) (0)
- U(6) X U(6) SYMMETRY. (1968) (0)
- The Birth of String Theory: Note on the prehistory of string theory (2012) (0)
- Comment: A place removed from ‘the pressure of received ideas’ (2009) (0)
- Certain theories of CP-violation (1969) (0)
- CURRENT ALGEBRA**Work supported in part by the US Atomic Energy Commission. Prepared under Contract AT(11-1)-68 for the San Francisco Operations Office, US Atomic Energy Commission. (1966) (0)
- Plectics : The study of simplicityandcomplexity (0)
- CHAPTER 3 DISPERSION RELATIONS FOR THE TOTAL SCATTERING AMPLITUDE (1972) (0)
- Topics in Theoretical Physics: Lecture Notes from Ph. 234 (1959) (0)
- CHANGE OF ISOTOPIC SPIN IN THE K$sub 2$*pi/ DECAY (1957) (0)
- The world as quarks, leptons and bosons (1976) (0)
- History and Reflections (2013) (0)
- Quarks and Clarification (1992) (0)
- J un 2 00 6 q-GENERALIZATION OF SYMMETRIC α-STABLE DISTRIBUTIONS . PART I (2006) (0)
- Coupling strength and nuclear reactions (1951) (0)
- A Measure of Classicality (2021) (0)
- Yucal Ne'eman And (2005) (0)
- REPRESENTATION OF CURRENT ALGEBRA AT INFINITE MOMENTUM: SOLUTION OF THE CASE IN WHICH ISOTOPIC SPIN FACTORS OUT. (1968) (0)
- CHAPTER 8 THE MANDELSTAM REPRESENTATION (1972) (0)
- the International Conference on Nuclear Forces and the Few Nucleon Problem, University (1960) (0)
- Approximate Symmetries in Strong Interaction (1966) (0)
- Can Industrial Physics Avoid Being Creatively Destroyed (2004) (0)
- Light-cone current algebra, $pi$$sup 0$ decay, and e$sup +$e$sup -$ annihilation (1973) (0)
- Interview with Murray Gell-Mann (2013) (0)
- Statute Attacks All of Science (1986) (0)
- Fermi Interaction Caused by Intermediary Chiral Boson (2011) (0)
- The Elementary Particles of Nature (1967) (0)
- Some Reminiscences of Research Leading to QCD and Beyond (2014) (0)
- Lectures on weak interactions of strongly interacting particles (1961) (0)
- Algebra of Currents--Background (1966) (0)
- The Meson κ(725) and the Eightfold Way (2018) (0)
- Can Supersymmetry be Connected to Observation (1985) (0)
- Developing New Materials at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures. (1984) (0)
- Paper 8 - Theory of the Fermi Interaction (1969) (0)
- CHAPTER 5 ANALYTIC PROPERTIES OF PARTIAL-WAVE AMPLITUDES (1972) (0)
- Present Status of the Fundamental Interactions (1968) (0)
- Conserved and Partially Conserved Currents in the Theory of Weak Interactions (2018) (0)
- Weak interactions : leptonic modes - Theoretical II (1958) (0)
- Approximate Symmetries 1 n Strong Interactions (2017) (0)

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