# Robert Marshak

American physicist

## Robert Marshak's AcademicInfluence.com Rankings

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Physics

## Robert Marshak's Degrees

- Bachelors Physics City College of New York

## Why Is Robert Marshak Influential?

(Suggest an Edit or Addition)According to Wikipedia, Robert Eugene Marshak was an American physicist, educator, and eighth president of the City College of New York. Biography Marshak was born in the Bronx, New York City. His parents, Harry and Rose Marshak, were immigrants from Minsk. He went to the City College of New York for one semester and then "received a Pulitzer Scholarship which provided full tuition and a stipend which allowed him to continue his education at Columbia University." In 1939, Marshak received his Ph.D. from Cornell University. Along with his thesis advisor, Hans Bethe, he discovered many of the fusion aspects involved in star formation. This helped him on his work for the Manhattan Project, in Los Alamos, during World War II. During this time, he developed an explanation of how shock waves work in extremely high temperatures achieved by a nuclear explosion, and these waves are known as Marshak waves.

## Robert Marshak's Published Works

### Published Works

- Interplanetary Dynamical Processes (1963) (1362)
- The Adiabatic Motion of Charged Particles (1964) (900)
- Local B-L symmetry of electroweak interactions, Majorana neutrinos, and neutron oscillations (1980) (580)
- Effect of Radiation on Shock Wave Behavior (1958) (338)
- Theory of weak interactions in particle physics (1969) (338)
- Chirality invariance and the universal Fermi interaction (1958) (328)
- General relativity and gravitational waves (1962) (321)
- Quark-lepton symmetry and B − L as the U(1) generator of the electroweak symmetry group (1980) (315)
- Fast Neutron Physics (1964) (243)
- Note on the Spherical Harmonic Method As Applied to the Milne Problem for a Sphere (1947) (238)
- Theory of the Slowing Down of Neutrons by Elastic Collision with Atomic Nuclei (1947) (196)
- Managing the Metaphors of Change (1993) (189)
- Physics of the Solar Chromosphere (1961) (132)
- Lewin Meets Confucius: A Review of the OD Model of Change (1993) (130)
- Velocity dependence of the two-nucleon interaction (1958) (100)
- Semiphenomenological Two-Nucleon Potential (1958) (80)
- CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN PARTICLE PHYSICS (1993) (80)
- PHENOMENOLOGY OF NEUTRON OSCILLATIONS (1980) (64)
- Introduction to the Theory of Ionized Gases (1961) (63)
- An Introduction To Celestial Mechanics (1961) (59)
- A Discourse on Discourse: Redeeming the Meaning of Talk (1998) (58)
- PHENOMENOLOGICAL TWO-NUCLEON POTENTIAL UP TO 150 Mev (1957) (56)
- ON A SYMMETRY IN WEAK INTERACTIONS. (1959) (55)
- From Outer Words to Inner Worlds (2000) (53)
- On the Two-Meson Hypothesis (1947) (53)
- Forbidden Transitions in β -decay and Orbital Electron Capture and Spins of Nuclei (1942) (52)
- The Generalized Thomas-Fermi Method as Applied to Stars. (1940) (47)
- Majorana neutrinos and low-energy tests of electroweak models (1981) (42)
- PHOTODISINTEGRATION OF THE DEUTERON IN THE MEDIUM ENERGY RANGE (1958) (41)
- The nature of the four-fermion interaction (1994) (38)
- Techniques of high energy physics (1961) (38)
- The Variational Method for Asymptotic Neutron Densities (1947) (36)
- Towards a two-field theory of elementary particles (1961) (33)
- THE RADIATIVE AND CONDUCTIVE OPACITIES UNDER WHITE DWARF CONDITIONS (1941) (31)
- Three-Field Model and Higher Symmetry Group W-3 with Parity Interchange (1965) (29)
- Consequences of charge independence for the magnetic moments and masses of Σ hyperons (1957) (29)
- The Rise and Fall of Lysenko. (1965) (24)
- Bremsstrahlung in High Energy Nucleon-Nucleon Collisions (1949) (24)
- K_{L}^{0}?^{+}^{-} Decay, K_{L}^{0}-K_{S}^{0} Mass Difference, and Weak-Interaction Cutoff (1968) (24)
- RANGE OF THE SPIN-ORBIT FORCE BETWEEN TWO PROTONS (1958) (24)
- XXVII. Laplace transform solution of two-medium neutron ageing problem (1949) (23)
- R-invariances of strong and weak interactions (1963) (23)
- V-A THEORY AND THE DECAY OF THE $lambda$ HYPERON (1959) (22)
- Interaction current in strangeness-violating decays (1958) (22)
- The Internal Temperature of White Dwarf Stars. (1940) (21)
- Charge Independence and Multiple Pion Production (1952) (20)
- Second-Order Weak Processes and Weak-Interaction Cutoff (1968) (19)
- Three-Field Model as a Probe of Higher Group Symmetries (1964) (18)
- Selection Rules for Baryon Number Nonconservation in Gauge Models (1980) (16)
- Introduction to elementary particle physics (1961) (16)
- The Sources of Stellar Energy (1941) (15)
- NEW APPROACH TO ALGEBRA OF CURRENTS AND APPLICATION TO K $Yields$ 2$pi$ DECAY. (1967) (15)
- Some Consequences of Possible Quadratic Intermediate-Vector-Boson Interactions with Hadrons (1965) (15)
- Effect of the spin-orbit potential on the magnetic moment of the deuteron (1957) (12)
- On the Scattering of π-Mesons by Nucleons (1950) (12)
- The Milne Problem for a Large Plane Slab with Constant Source and Anisotropic Scattering (1947) (12)
- Movements of Thought in the Nineteenth Century (1936) (12)
- Introduction to the theory of diffusion and slowing down of neutrons. (1949) (11)
- Theβ-Decay of Radium E and the Pseudoscalar Interaction (1952) (11)
- EVIDENCE FOR PARITY-SU(3) MIXING IN THE MESON NONETS (1965) (11)
- BOUNDARY CONDITION MODEL FOR PROTON-PROTON SCATTERING (1960) (11)
- Calculation of the Branching Ratio (??2p+?)/(??2?) (1966) (10)
- Erratum: bremsstrahlung in high energy nucleon-nucleon collisions (1949) (10)
- Baryon and Lepton Numbers as Broken Local Symmetries (1983) (9)
- Note on a Possible Annihilation Process for Negative Protons (1950) (9)
- Three Preon Models of Quarks and Leptons and the Generation Problem (1983) (9)
- The Internal Temperature-Density Distribution of the Sun. (1941) (8)
- Fast Neutron Physics: Part 1, Techniques (1960) (8)
- Divergenceless Currents and K-Meson Decay (1958) (7)
- Heavy Electron Pair Theory of Nuclear Forces (1940) (7)
- TheS-wave in pion-nucleon scattering (1954) (7)
- The physics of stellar interiors and stellar evolution (1939) (7)
- Production of $pi$-mesons in nucleon-nucleon collisions (1949) (7)
- New Baryon-Lepton Symmetry Principle for Leptonic Weak Interactions (1963) (7)
- Pion production by polarized beams of nucleons (1954) (7)
- Note on possible existence of scalar and axial vector octets (1964) (7)
- PHOTOPRODUCTION OF K MESONS IN HYDROGEN NEAR THRESHOLD (1957) (7)
- Isotopic Spin Selection Rules and K 2 0 Decay (1959) (6)
- Origin of the Universal V‐A theory (1994) (6)
- Constraints on proton lifetime and sin/sup 2/theta/sub W/ in SO(10) grand unified theory (1983) (6)
- Beta-Decay of Be10 and Theory of Beta-Decay (1949) (6)
- Meson Reactions in Hydrogen and Deuterium (1951) (6)
- On the Scattering of Mesons of Spin 1 2 ℏ by Atomic Nuclei (1941) (6)
- Perspectives in Modern Physics: Essays in Honor of Hans A. Bethe (1966) (6)
- Five decades of weak interactions (1977) (6)
- Equation of State of Hydrogen, Helium, and Russell Mixture at High Temperatures and Pressures. (1950) (6)
- Semiphenomenological Theory of Σ + Hyperon-Proton Scattering up to 150 Mev (1958) (6)
- Mass difference of Σ ± and their anomalous magnetic moments (1956) (6)
- Towards a realistic composite model of quarks and leptons (1986) (5)
- Gross CP violation in the strong cubic intermediate vector Boson model (1969) (5)
- X-Rays from theπ-Mesic Atom (1952) (5)
- LOW-ENERGY PHENOMENOLOGY AND NEUTRAL WEAK BOSON MASSES IN THE SU(2)-L X SU(2)-R X U(1)-(B-L) ELECTROWEAK MODEL (1982) (5)
- The New Brahmins. Scientific Life in America. S. Pencer Klaw. Morrow, New York, 1968. xiv + 315 pp. $6.50 (1969) (4)
- Remarks on Multiple Meson and Gamma-Ray Production (1949) (4)
- Academic renewal in the 1970s : memoirs of a City College president (1982) (4)
- MAXIMAL CHIRAL GROUP WITH THE QUARK MODEL (1966) (4)
- Elastic Photoproduction of π 0 -Mesons in Deuterium (1952) (4)
- Problems and prospects of an urban public university. (1975) (4)
- Some consequences of higher symmetry group W3 with parity interchange (1964) (4)
- Pions to quarks: Scientific impact of the first decade of the Rochester conferences (1950–1960) (1989) (4)
- The Binding Energy of4n-Nuclei on theα-Particle Model (1939) (4)
- Theoretical interpretation of new particles (1956) (4)
- Current Algebra and vector form factor of Ke4 (1967) (4)
- A grand unification preon model with E6 metacolor (1986) (4)
- Note on the ΔI=1/2 selection rule in the composite model of elementary particles (1961) (4)
- Velocity Dependence of Nuclear Forces (1947) (4)
- Part One: Open Access, Open Admissions, Open Warfare. (1981) (4)
- ELECTROMAGNETIC MASS DIFFERENCES OF BARYONS AND MESONS (1964) (3)
- On the Absorption of π - -Mesons in Deuterium (1950) (3)
- Maximal Unitary Group for the Quark Model (1965) (3)
- The absorption of negative $pi$-mesons by protons (1949) (3)
- Theory of weak interactions of elementary particles (1963) (3)
- The Multiplicity of Particles (1952) (3)
- Universal theory of semi-weak interactions (1964) (3)
- Absorption of slow negative kaons in hydrogen and deuterium (1958) (3)
- The Nuclear Force (1960) (3)
- COMPOSITE MODEL AND PARTIALLY CONSERVED CURRENTS IN WEAK INTERACTIONS (1961) (3)
- CP VIOLATION AND THE STRONG SELF-INTERACTING INTERMEDIATE-VECTOR-BOSON MODEL. (1971) (2)
- B-L Gauge Models (1985) (2)
- Further Remarks on the Absorption of π - -Mesons in Hydrogen (1950) (2)
- Elementary Particles of Modern Physics. (1960) (2)
- CHIRALITY INVARIANCE AND THE UNIVERSAL V - A THEORY OF WEAK INTERACTIONS (1995) (2)
- Solving global problems (1980) (2)
- The E6 ⊗ SO(10) preon model based on global SU(18) color-flavor (1985) (2)
- Focusing applied research on global problems (1979) (2)
- Strong W-boson pair model and the J particles (1975) (2)
- A preon mode of quarks and leptons (1986) (2)
- On Mesons $pi$ and $mu$ (1949) (2)
- WHITHER GRAND UNIFICATION: EXPERIMENTAL TESTS OF B-L GAUGE GROUPS (1984) (2)
- The Internal Temperature-Density Distribution of Main Sequence Stars Built on the Point-Convective Model. II. Sirius a. (1946) (2)
- The S Wave in Pion-Nucleon Scattering (1952) (2)
- EVIDENCE FOR PARITY-SU(3) MIXING IN DECAYS OF MESON RESONANCES. (1966) (2)
- Argument for the Non-Existence of the “Strong CP Problem” in QCD (1992) (2)
- Meson Physics : Chapter for Nuclear Science Reviews of 1950 (1951) (1)
- The Pain and Joy of a Major Scientific Discovery (1992) (1)
- GENERALIZED γ5 INVARIANCE, QUARK‐LEPTON SYMMETRY, AND THE GROUP STRUCTURE OF WEAK INTERACTIONS (1980) (1)
- SSC: Essential Science or Unnecessary Expense? (1988) (1)
- TEN YEARS OF THE UNIVERSAL (V--A) THEORY OF WEAK INTERACTIONS. (1969) (1)
- Basic research in the university and industrial laboratory. (1966) (1)
- The Rochester Conferences: The Rise of International Cooperation in High Energy Physics (1970) (1)
- Conserved Currents in Weak Interactions (1988) (1)
- Time for Sakharov's global dialogue (1987) (1)
- K l3 Form Factors (1966) (1)
- From two mesons and (V-A) weak currents to the standard model of quark and lepton interactions (1988) (1)
- The peril of curbing scientific freedom (1984) (1)
- Erratum: Phenomenology of neutron oscillations [Phys. Lett. 94B (1980) 183] (1980) (1)
- On the K+ -Ko mass difference (1966) (1)
- The QCD Triangular Axial Anomaly and the Calculation of Mass of the η′ Meson and η→3π Decay (1994) (1)
- Present Status of Weak Interactions(September 21, 1965 Tuesday Afternoon,the Symposium on Elementary Particles) (1966) (1)
- Advances in particle physics (1968) (1)
- Comment on the Uniqueness of the Electroweak Group From the Anomalies Viewpoint (1989) (1)
- Scientific Research in the Soviet Union. (1956) (1)
- ELASTIC PHOTO-PRODUCTION OF $pi$$sup 0$ MESONS IN DEUTERIUM (1951) (0)
- WELCOMING REMARKS (1973) (0)
- gamma. /sub 5/ invariance, B-L symmetry and naturalness (1981) (0)
- Academic Renewal in the Seventies: Memoirs of a City College President. (1980) (0)
- College entrance standards. (1979) (0)
- K/sub L/$sup 0$ $Yields$$mu$$sup +$$mu$$sup -$ DECAY, K/sub L/$sup 0$-K/sub S/$sup 0$ MASS DIFFERENCE, AND WEAK-INTERACTION CUTOFF. (1968) (0)
- STRONG INTERACTION IVB MODELS. (1969) (0)
- Erratum: Three-preon models of quarks and leptons and the generation problem (1983) (0)
- APS and the international physics community in 1983 (1984) (0)
- Report on W boson model of weak interactions with maximal CP violation. (1973) (0)
- From symmetry to dynamics in modern particle physics (1991) (0)
- Response : International Comparisons (1969) (0)
- UPPER AND LOWER BOUNDS FOR THE ASYMPTOTIC NEUTRON DENSITY IN MILNE'S PROBLEM FOR THE SPHERE (1951) (0)
- Erratum: Divergenceless currents and K-meson decay (Physical Review Letters (1958) 1, 3 (119)) (1958) (0)
- Nature of the Soviet Scientific Challenge (1958) (0)
- EFFECT OF PION RESONANCES ON THE ($pi$$sup +$-$pi$$sup 0$) AND (K$sup +$- K$sup 0$) MASS DIFFERENCES (1962) (0)
- SPACE-TIME SYMMETRIES IN QUANTUM FIELD THEORY (1993) (0)
- Neutrino mass, proton decay, and neutron oscillations as crucial tests of unification models (A Review) (1982) (0)
- American energy choices before the year 2000 (1978) (0)
- GAUGE THEORY OF THE ELECTROWEAK INTERACTION (QFD) (1993) (0)
- Strong W -pair model and the ψ particles (1975) (0)
- FERMION GENERATION PROBLEM AND PREON MODELS (1993) (0)
- TOPOLOGICAL CONSERVATION LAWS (1993) (0)
- THE SPACE-TIME MANIFOLD AS A CRITICAL SOLID Dedicated to the memory of (1993) (0)
- Group Symmetries with R-Invariance (1966) (0)
- GAUGE SYMMETRY GROUPS AND THEIR SPONTANEOUS BREAKDOWN (1993) (0)
- Remarks on the triplet representation in unitary symmetry with applications to weak interactions (1964) (0)
- UNIFICATION OF STRONG AND ELECTROWEAK INTERACTIONS (1993) (0)
- DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER (1957) (0)
- Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester. Report 1957-1958. (1958) (0)
- APS and public issues (1983) (0)
- CHIRAL GAUGE ANOMALIES IN THE STANDARD MODEL (1993) (0)
- Implications of quantum chromodynamic sum rules for sizes of nucleon and Δ baryon (1984) (0)
- CHARGE INDEPENDENCE IN NUCLEAR PHYSICS (1955) (0)
- THE $beta$ DECAY OF RADIUM E AND THE SHELL MODEL (1951) (0)
- GAUGE THEORY OF THE STRONG INTERACTION (QCD) (1993) (0)
- BRIEF REPORT ON THE PRESENT STATUS OF MESON THEORY OF NUCLEAR FORCES (1954) (0)
- A low composite scale preon model with complementarity (1987) (0)
- The Fourth Force in Nature. Part II (1971) (0)
- StrongW-Boson Pair Model and theJParticles (1975) (0)
- How supersymmetry naturally suppresses Higgs-boson-mediated baryon-number violation in SU/sub c/(4) x SU/sub L/(2) x SU/sub R/(2) and SO(10) (1984) (0)
- Orlov trial in perspective (1978) (0)
- American Philosophy Today and Tomorrow (1936) (0)
- Science and Technology: New Tools, New Dimensions (1977) (0)
- The Khrushchev Détente and Emerging Internationalism in Particle Physics (1990) (0)
- Search for composite models of quarks and leptons with preons having strong and electroweak quantum numbers (1982) (0)
- Strong W pair model and the J particles; La physique du neutrino a haute energie, Paris, 18-20 mars 1975 (1975) (0)
- TOWARDS A UNIVERSAL LAW OF WEAK INTERACTIONS. (1969) (0)
- Note on the Point-Convective Model for the Sun. (1940) (0)
- the International Conference on Nuclear Forces and the Few Nucleon Problem, University (1960) (0)
- GLOBAL INTERNAL SYMMETRIES AND THEIR SPONTANEOUS BREAKDOWN (1993) (0)
- Orlov dissident trial in perspective (1978) (0)
- PARTIAL UNIFICATION MASS SCALES OF TWO SUPERSYMMETRIC THEORIES (1982) (0)
- CALCULATION OF THE BRANCHING RATIO (eta $Yields$ 2$pi$ + $gamma$)/(eta $Yields$ 2$gamma$). (1966) (0)
- Supersymmetric preon models with gauged colour-flavour symmetry (1986) (0)
- Book reviews (1969) (0)
- Reexamining the Soviet Scientific Challenge (1963) (0)
- GENESIS OF MODERN PARTICLE PHYSICS (1993) (0)
- THE QUARK MODEL AS A PROBE OF HIGHER SYMMETRIES (1965) (0)
- Advances in Particle Physics, Volume II (1968) (0)
- More on global problems (1980) (0)
- X-RAYS FROM THE $pi$ MESIC ATOM (1952) (0)
- Atoms for Peace Awards (1969) (0)
- The Energy of Stars (1950) (0)
- Note on the Effect of Unequal Molecular Weights on the Internal Temperature-Density Distribution of a Star. (1950) (0)
- Remarks on the Lowlying Baryon Isobars (1961) (0)
- On the Scattering of $pi$ Mesons by Nucleons (1950) (0)
- Hidden symmetries in four-fermion interaction (1964) (0)
- β-Ray Spectrum of K 40 and Theory of β-Decay (1946) (0)
- POLE APPROXIMATION FOR NONLEPTONIC AND RADIATIVE HYPERON DECAYS WITH ODD $Sigma$-/lambda/ RELATIVE PARITY (1962) (0)
- IUPAP–Past and future (1972) (0)
- WEAK INTERACTION CUTOFF AND STRONG INTERACTION OF INTERMEDIATE VECTOR BOSONS. (1969) (0)
- Complementarity in preon models with E6 metacolor (1986) (0)
- Majorana Neutrinos and Neutron Oscillations: Low-energy Tests of Unification Models (1980) (0)

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