# Ronald Fisher

British statistician, evolutionary biologist and geneticist

## Ronald Fisher's AcademicInfluence.com Rankings

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Biology

## Why Is Ronald Fisher Influential?

(Suggest an Edit or Addition)According to Wikipedia, Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher was a British polymath who was active as a mathematician, statistician, biologist, geneticist, and academic. For his work in statistics, he has been described as "a genius who almost single-handedly created the foundations for modern statistical science" and "the single most important figure in 20th century statistics". In genetics, his work used mathematics to combine Mendelian genetics and natural selection; this contributed to the revival of Darwinism in the early 20th-century revision of the theory of evolution known as the modern synthesis, being the one to most comprehensively combine the ideas of Gregor Mendel and Charles Darwin. For his contributions to biology, Richard Dawkins proclaimed Fisher as "the greatest of Darwin’s successors". He is considered one of the founding fathers of Neo-Darwinism.

## Ronald Fisher's Published Works

### Published Works

- THE USE OF MULTIPLE MEASUREMENTS IN TAXONOMIC PROBLEMS (1936) (13961)
- Dispersion on a sphere (1953) (5437)
- THE WAVE OF ADVANCE OF ADVANTAGEOUS GENES (1937) (4155)
- Statistical methods for research workers (1927) (3705)
- The Advanced Theory of Statistics (1943) (3601)
- On the Mathematical Foundations of Theoretical Statistics (3445)
- XV.—The Correlation between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance. (3366)
- Statistical Methods for Research Workers (1930) (3299)
- The Relation Between the Number of Species and the Number of Individuals in a Random Sample of an Animal Population (1943) (3095)
- Limiting forms of the frequency distribution of the largest or smallest member of a sample (1928) (3047)
- Statistical tables for biological, agricultural aad medical research. (1938) (2511)
- Theory of Statistical Estimation (1925) (2302)
- FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION OF THE VALUES OF THE CORRELATION COEFFIENTS IN SAMPLES FROM AN INDEFINITELY LARGE POPU;ATION (1915) (2061)
- 019: On the Interpretation of x2 from Contingency Tables, and the Calculation of P. (1466)
- The Logic of Inductive Inference (1935) (1128)
- FITTING THE NEGATIVE BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION TO BIOLOGICAL DATA AND NOTE ON THE EFFICIENT FITTING OF THE NEGATIVE BINOMIAL (1953) (1079)
- AVERAGE EXCESS AND AVERAGE EFFECT OF A GENE SUBSTITUTION (1941) (904)
- THE STATISTICAL UTILIZATION OF MULTIPLE MEASUREMENTS (1938) (894)
- THE EFFECT OF METHODS OF ASCERTAINMENT UPON THE ESTIMATION OF FREQUENCIES (1934) (525)
- On the capillary forces in an ideal soil; correction of formulae given by W. B. Haines (1926) (519)
- THE FIDUCIAL ARGUMENT IN STATISTICAL INFERENCE (1935) (489)
- STATISTICAL METHODS AND SCIENTIFIC INDUCTION (1955) (468)
- Statistical Tables for Biological, Agricultural and Medical Research. (1939) (442)
- Two New Properties of Mathematical Likelihood (1934) (429)
- Studies in crop variation. II. The manurial response of different potato varieties (1923) (398)
- The evolution of sexual preference. (1915) (389)
- XXI.—On the Dominance Ratio (377)
- The spread of a gene in natural conditions in a colony of the moth Panaxia dominula L. (1947) (373)
- THE PRECISION OF DISCRIMINANT FUNCTIONS (1940) (363)
- Tests of significance in harmonic analysis (1929) (345)
- The Possible Modification of the Response of the Wild Type to Recurrent Mutations (1928) (323)
- Has Mendel's work been rediscovered? (1936) (323)
- The Design and Analysis of Factorial Experiments (1938) (320)
- SOME REMARKS ON THE METHODS FORMULATED IN A RECENT ARTICLE ON “THE QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF PLANT GROWTH.” (1921) (270)
- The Influence of Rainfall on the Yield of Wheat at Rothamsted (268)
- The theory of inbreeding (1949) (263)
- Moments and Product Moments of Sampling Distributions (262)
- The general sampling distribution of the multiple correlation coefficient (1928) (257)
- THE NEGATIVE BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION (1941) (248)
- A mathematical Examination of the Methods of determining the Accuracy of Observation by the Mean Error, and by the Mean Square Error (1920) (216)
- An examination of the different possible solutions of a problem in incomplete blocks. (1940) (210)
- The Genetical Interpretation of Statistics of the Third Degree in the Study of Quantitative Inheritance. (1932) (209)
- 036: On a Distribution Yielding the Error Functions of Several Well Known Statistics. (204)
- The accuracy of the plating method of estimating the density of bacterial populations: with particular reference to the use of Thornton's agar medium with soil samples (1922) (192)
- THE EVOLUTION OF DOMINANCE (1931) (186)
- Studies in crop variation. I. An examination of the yield of dressed grain from Broadbalk (1921) (174)
- XVII—The distribution of gene ratios for rare mutations (1931) (172)
- Gene frequencies in a cline determined by selection and diffusion. (1950) (158)
- THE INHERITANCE OF STYLE LENGTH IN LYTHRUM SALICARIA (1943) (156)
- The Moments of the Distribution for Normal Samples of Measures of Departure from Normality (1930) (154)
- THE SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION OF SOME STATISTICS OBTAINED FROM NON‐LINEAR EQUATIONS (1939) (150)
- The significance of deviations from expectation in a Poisson Series. (1950) (142)
- THE COMPARISON OF SAMPLES WITH POSSIBLY UNEQUAL VARIANCES (1939) (121)
- THE THEORY OF CONFOUNDING IN FACTORIAL EXPERIMENTS IN RELATION TO THE THEORY OF GROUPS (1941) (120)
- The Sheltering of Lethals (1935) (113)
- THE DETECTION OF LINKAGE WITH “DOMINANT” ABNORMALITIES (1935) (105)
- The Evolution of Dominance in Certain Polymorphic Species (1930) (102)
- Rh Gene Frequencies in Britain (1946) (100)
- The theory of linkage in polysomic inheritance (1947) (99)
- The concepts of inverse probability and fiducial probability referring to unknown parameters (1933) (94)
- THE ASYMPTOTIC APPROACH TO BEHRENS'S INTEGRAL, WITH FURTHER TABLES FOR THE d TEST OF SIGNIFICANCE (1941) (88)
- Taste-testing the Anthropoid Apes (1939) (82)
- Mathematics of Inheritance (1933) (82)
- The “Sewall Wright Effect” (1950) (79)
- The 6 × 6 Latin squares (1934) (79)
- THE THEORETICAL CONSEQUENCES OF POLYPLOID INHERITANCE FOR THE MID STYLE FORM OF LYTHRUM SALICARIA (1941) (78)
- Two Further Notes on the Origin of Dominance (1928) (77)
- The quantitative study of populations in the Lepidoptera (1949) (73)
- A SYSTEM OF CONFOUNDING FOR FACTORS WITH MORE THAN TWO ALTERNATIVES, GIVING COMPLETELY ORTHOGONAL CUBES AND HIGHER POWERS (1943) (67)
- Inverse probability and the use of Likelihood (1932) (66)
- 085: The Arrangement of Field Experiments and the Statistical Reduction of the Results. (59)
- SELECTIVE FORCES IN WILD POPULATIONS OF PARATETTIX TEXANUS (1939) (59)
- Further note on the capillary forces in an ideal soil (1928) (57)
- Tables for Statisticians and Biometricians (1933) (57)
- Mutation and the Rhesus Reaction (1944) (56)
- The Systematic Location of Genes by Means of Crossover Observations (1922) (56)
- Probability likelihood and quantity of information in the logic of uncertain inference (1934) (55)
- THE QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF POPULATIONS IN THE LEPIDOPTERA I. POLYOMMATUS ICARUS ROTT (1940) (52)
- The fitting of gene frequencies to data on rhesus reactions. (1946) (52)
- 256: The Analysis of Variance with Various Binomial Transformations. (1954) (51)
- The Evolution of Dominance; Reply to Professor Sewall Wright (1929) (46)
- THE DETECTION OF LINKAGE WITH RECESSIVE ABNORMALITIES (1935) (46)
- Employment of Married Women (1939) (44)
- The Resemblance between Twins, a Statistical Examination of Lauterbach's Measurements. (1925) (42)
- Scandinavian Influence in Scottish Ethnology (1940) (42)
- Dominance in Poultry (1935) (41)
- ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBLE REDUCTION IN THE CALCULATION OF GENOTYPE FREQUENCIES WITH POLYSOMIC INHERITANCE (1943) (40)
- The analysis of covariance method for the relation between a part and the whole. (1947) (40)
- The Derivation of the Pattern Formulae of Two‐Way Partitions from those of Simpler Patterns (1932) (40)
- A preliminary note on the effect of sodium silicate in increasing the yield of barley (1929) (39)
- On a Test of Significance in Pearson's Biometrika Tables (No. 11) (1956) (38)
- TESTS OF SIGNIFICANCE APPLIED TO HALDANE'S DATA ON PARTIAL SEX LINKAGE (1936) (38)
- Smoking, the Cancer Controversy: Some Attempts to Assess the Evidence (1960) (35)
- ON THE SIMILARITY OF THE DISTRIBUTIONS FOUND FOR THE TEST OF SIGNIFICANCE IN HARMONIC ANALYSIS, AND IN STEVENS'S PROBLEM IN GEOMETRICAL PROBABILITY (1940) (35)
- Curve Fitting (1936) (34)
- INHERITANCE IN MAN: BOAS'S DATA STUDIED BY THE METHOD OF ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE (1937) (34)
- The conditions under which X squared measures the discrepancy between observation and hypothesis (32)
- PROFESSOR KARL PEARSON AND THE METHOD OF MOMENTS (1937) (30)
- A TEST OF THE SUPPOSED PRECISION OF SYSTEMATIC ARRANGEMENTS (1936) (30)
- THE ESTIMATION OF THE PROPORTION OF RECESSIVES FROM TESTS CARRIED OUT ON A SAMPLE NOT WHOLLY UNRELATED (1940) (28)
- A New Test for 2 × 2 Tables (1945) (28)
- Studies in crop variation: IV. The experimental determination of the value of top dressings with cereals (1927) (28)
- The elimination of mental defect. (1924) (28)
- Randomisation, and an old enigma of card play (1934) (27)
- Statistical Methods for Research Workers (Seventh Edition). (1939) (27)
- Indeterminism and Natural Selection (1934) (27)
- Darwinian evolution of mutations. (1922) (26)
- Professor Wright on the Theory of Dominance (1934) (26)
- Surnames and Blood-Groups (1939) (26)
- The actuarial treatment of official birth records. (1927) (25)
- Dangers of Cigarette-smoking (1957) (24)
- Studies in crop variation: VI. Experiments on the response of the potato to potash and nitrogen (1929) (24)
- New Tables of Behrens' Test of Significance (1956) (24)
- A Discussion on the Present State of the Theory of Natural Selection (1936) (23)
- Note on the calculation of the frequencies of rhesus allelomorphs. (1947) (23)
- The biometrical study of heredity. (1924) (22)
- Verification in Mice of the Possibility of more than Fifty per cent Recombination (1936) (20)
- Dominance in Poultry Feathered Feet, Rose Comb, Internal Pigment and Pile (1938) (20)
- STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT AS A FACTOR INFLUENCING THE VARIANCE IN THE NUMBER OF OFFSPRING, FREQUENCY OF MUTANTS AND RELATED QUANTITIES (1939) (20)
- Triplet Children in Great Britain and Ireland (1928) (19)
- CREST AND HERNIA IN FOWLS DUE TO A SINGLE GENE WITHOUT DOMINANCE. (1934) (19)
- Genetics, Mathematics, and Natural Selection. (1930) (19)
- THE COMPARISON OF VARIABILITY IN POPULATIONS HAVING UNEQUAL MEANS. AN EXAMPLE OF THE ANALYSIS OF COVARIANCE WITH MULTIPLE DEPENDENT AND INDEPENDENT VARIATES (1937) (18)
- Cuénot on preadaptation: A criticism. (1915) (18)
- A Note on Fiducial Inference (1939) (17)
- The probability distribution of gene-differences in relation to selection, mutation, and random extinction (1949) (17)
- Note on Dr. Berkson's Criticism of Tests of Significance (1943) (17)
- ON A POINT RAISED BY M. S. BARTLETT ON FIDUCIAL PROBABILITY (1937) (17)
- On a property connecting the x2 measure of discrepancy with the method of maximum likelihood (16)
- Sex Differences of Crossing-Over in Close Linkage (1953) (16)
- HETEROGENEITY OF LINKAGE DATA FOR FRIEDREICH'S ATAXIA AND THE SPONTANEOUS ANTIGENS (1936) (15)
- Note on a tri-colour (Mosaic) mouse (1930) (15)
- Pasteurised and Raw Milk. (1931) (15)
- A Sex Difference in Blood-Group Frequencies (1943) (14)
- Statistics and Biological Research (1929) (14)
- Statistical theory of estimation (1938) (13)
- THE PLACE OF THE DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS IN THE LOGIC OF SCIENTIFIC INFERENCE (1965) (12)
- Blood Groups in Great Britain (1939) (12)
- THE INTERPRETATION OF EXPERIMENTAL FOUR-FOLD TABLES (1941) (12)
- Balance of births and deaths. (1929) (12)
- On Some Extensions of Bayesian Inference Proposed by Mr Lindley (1960) (11)
- The Sieve of Eratosthenes (1929) (11)
- On the Evidence Against the Chemical Induction of Melanism in Lepidoptera (1933) (10)
- The disinherited family (1924) (10)
- Number of Self-Sterility Alleles (1947) (10)
- The Principles and Practice of Yield Trials (1927) (10)
- THE PRECISION OF THE PRODUCT FORMULA FOR THE ESTIMATION OF LINKAGE (1939) (10)
- A Combinatorial Formulation of Multiple Linkage Tests (1951) (10)
- The Progress of Eugenics (1915) (9)
- THE USE OF SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION IN THE EVALUATION OF LINKAGE (1934) (9)
- Xv.-the Correlation between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inherit- (with Four Figures in Text.) (9)
- NEW CYCLIC SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS IN INCOMPLETE BLOCKS (1941) (8)
- Danger spots in world population. (1930) (8)
- The Determination of the Forms of Inorganic Phosphorus in Soils 1 (1935) (8)
- Polyploid Inheritance in Lythrum salicaria (1942) (7)
- Some Examples of Bayes' Method of the Experimental Determination of Probabilities a Priori (1962) (7)
- Population and Depopulation (1929) (7)
- Baye's theorem. (1926) (7)
- Mechanism, Life, and Personality: An Examination of the Mechanistic Theory of Life and Mind (1914) (7)
- Discussion of the Analysis of Variance with Various Binomial Transformations (1954) (7)
- The Effects of Rainfall and Temperature on Percolation Through Drain Gauges (1934) (7)
- Some Modern Statistical Methods: their Application to the Solution of Herring Race Problems (1933) (6)
- Note on the numerical evaluation of a Bessel function derivative (6)
- Number of Mendelian Factors in Quantitative Inheritance (1933) (6)
- The Design of Experiments, Fourth Edition. (1948) (6)
- THE LIKELIHOOD SOLUTION OF A PROBLEM IN COMPOUNDED PROBABILITIES (1941) (6)
- Individual Fitness and the Measurement of Univariate Selection (6)
- Fisher's “Problem of the Nile” (1946) (6)
- Family allowances. In the contemporary economic situation. (1932) (6)
- Eugenics, academic and practical. (1935) (6)
- An Appreciation of the Life and Work of Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher :F.R.S., F.S.S. Sc.D. (1962) (5)
- ON THE EXISTENCE OF DAILY CHANGES IN THE BACTERIAL NUMBERS IN AMERICAN SOIL (1927) (5)
- Eugenics: can it solve the problem of decay of civilizations? (1926) (5)
- The Mathematics of Experimentation (1938) (5)
- Positive eugenics. (5)
- On a new theory of progressive evolution (1930) (4)
- Woman: a vindication (4)
- SOME COMBINATORIAL THEOREMS AND ENUMERATIONS CONNECTED WITH THE NUMBERS OF DIAGONAL TYPES OF A LATIN SQUARE (1941) (4)
- On the Distribution of the Error of an Interpolated Value, and on the Construction of Tables (1927) (4)
- Statistical Methods and Scientific Inference.@@@Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences.@@@Nonparametric Methods in Statistics. (1957) (4)
- Individual Variations in Ability to Acclimatize to High Altitude: Supplement: On the Statistical Treatment of the Relation between Sea-level Characteristics and High-Altitude Acclimatization (1938) (4)
- Anti-Hr Serum of Levine (1945) (3)
- Testing the Difference between Two Means of Observations of Unequal Precision (1946) (3)
- Mortality amongst Plants and its Bearing on Natural Selection. (1930) (3)
- A New Series of Allelomorphs in Mice. (1932) (2)
- The Half-Drill Strip System Agricultural Experiments (1936) (2)
- The balance of births and deaths. Vol. II. Eastern and southern Europe (1933) (2)
- COMPLETELY ORTHOGONAL 9times9 SQUARES. A CORRECTION (1941) (2)
- Maximum- and Minimum-Correlation Tables in Comparative Climatology (1928) (2)
- Dynamics of Population: Social and Biological Significance of Changing Birth Rates in the United States (1935) (2)
- Income-tax rebates: The birth-rate and our future policy. (1928) (1)
- The Polygene Concept (1942) (1)
- The evolution of the conscience in civilised communities: In special relation to sexual vices. (1)
- Inheritance of Acquired Characters (1932) (1)
- The Fundamental Principles of Mathematical Statistics Sampling Methods in Forestry and Range Management (1942) (1)
- New data on the genesis of twins. (1922) (1)
- The Life of Darwin (1958) (1)
- Sex in man and animals (1928) (0)
- Untitled paper read at Cambridge ca.1920 (0)
- The Differential Birth Rate. New Light on Causes from American Figures. (0)
- Volume I--Circular and Hyperbolic Functions; Exponential Sine and Cosine Integrals; Factorial (Gamma) and Derived Functions; Integrals of Probability Integral.@@@Volume II--Emden Functions, Being Solutions of Emden's Equation Together with Certain Associated Functions. (1935) (0)
- INFORMAL DISCUSSION. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN PILING THEORY. (1964) (0)
- Differential birth rate analyzed: New light on causes from American figures. (0)
- Modern eugenics. (0)
- STATISTICAL INTERPRETATION OF TABLES I AND II OF THE ABOVE PAPER (1926) (0)
- Abstracts of Papers read at the Hundred and fifth meeting of the Society, held on Tuesday, 20th March 1951, at the Galton laboratory, University College, Gower Street, London, W.C.1 (1951) (0)
- Family allowances: In the contemporary economic situation. (0)
- The causes of human variability. (0)
- Statistical analysis of initial and final weights. (1943) (0)
- Index to the Mathematical Gazette (1934) (0)
- Correlation Coefficients in Meteorology (1928) (0)
- Studies in evolution and eugenics (1924) (0)
- Marking Wild Populations@@@Territorial Behavior and Populations of Some Small Mammals in Southern Michigan@@@The Quantitative Study of Populations in the Lepidoptera. I. Polyommatus Icarus Rott (1941) (0)
- Rothamsted Conference RC No 13 : The Technique of Field Experiments : Rothamsted conferences on present day problems on crop production : being the report of a conference held at Rothamsted on XX 1932 (1932) (0)
- STATISTICAL CONSIDERATIONS INVOLVED IN TABLES I AND II OF THE ABOVE PAPER. (1922) (0)
- Galton's hereditary genius: Reprint of the second edition. (1951) (0)
- Paradoxical Rainfall Data (1923) (0)
- The colorimetric determination of the forms of inorganic phosphorus in soils (1935) (0)
- Anomalies and diseases of the eye. Eugenics laboratory memoirs, XXI (1924) (0)
- The physiology of twiinnng (0)
- The Theory of Inbreeding. (1951) (0)
- Biomathematics. By W. M. Feldman, M.D., B.S., M.R.C.P. (Lond.), F.R.A.S., F.R.S. (Ed.). Second edition. Charles Griffin and Co. Ltd., 1935. Pp. viii + 480 (1935) (0)
- Biometry and Evolution. (1930) (0)
- The shadow on the universe, or the physical results of the war. (1915) (0)
- Mathematics for Collegiate Students of Agriculture and General Science (1920) (0)
- Collected Papers of Mathematical Statistics (1951) (0)
- A Note on Statistical Books@@@Statistical Methods for Research Workers. (1946) (0)
- Contents, Vol. 6, 1956-57 (1956) (0)
- VI—Dominance in Poultry (1934) (0)

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