is a meteorologist and climatologist who pioneered the use of computers to simulate global climate change and natural climate variations.Scientific accomplishments Working at NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, first in Washington, DC and later in Princeton, New Jersey, Manabe worked with director Joseph Smagorinsky to develop three-dimensional models of the atmosphere. As the first step, Manabe and Wetherald developed one-dimensional, single-column model of the atmosphere in radiative-convective equilibrium with positive feedback effect of water vapor. Using the model, they found that, in response to the change in atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide, temperature increases at the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, whereas it decreases in the stratosphere. The development of the radiative-convective model was a critically important step towards the development of comprehensive general circulation model of the atmosphere . They used the model to simulate for the first time the three-dimensional response of temperature and the hydrologic cycle to increased carbon dioxide . In 1969 Manabe and Bryan published the first simulations of the climate by a coupled ocean-atmosphere models, in which the general circulation model of the atmosphere is combined with that of ocean. Throughout the 1990s early 2000s, Manabe's research group published seminal papers using the coupled atmosphere ocean models to investigate the time-dependent response of climate to changing greenhouse gasabrupt climate change See the Book 'Beyond Global Warming' for details.Source: Wikipedia
National research university in Tokyo, Japan
Private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey, United States
Stay informed! Get the latest Academic Influence news, information, and rankings with our upcoming newsletter.