#2,278

Most Influential Person

British mathematician

Mathematics

#144

World Rank

#347

Historical Rank

Measure Theory

#536

World Rank

#762

Historical Rank

Gowers is Royal Society Research Professor at the Department of Pure Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics at the University of Cambridge, UK. He also holds the Rouse Ball Chair in Mathematics at Cambridge (Roger Penrose holds this Chair at the other granting institution, Oxford), and is a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Gowers received his early training at King’s College and Eton, where he was a King’s Scholar. He received his Ph.D. from Trinity College, Cambridge University in 1990.

A British mathematician, Gowers’ work has been primarily in functional analysis, and in particular in the vector construct known as a Banach space. He has also performed fundamental work in combinatorics and number theory (of combinatorial number theory), proving a number of important lemmas and results, as well as introducing the concept of a quasi random group in 2005. Most recently, Gowers has taken up the perennial problem in mathematics, the conjecture that “P does not equal NP,” or in other words that complex problems in computational theory (NP problems) cannot be reduced to a simpler class of problem, known as P.

Gowers also helped to popularize mathematics, writing a book for a general readership in 2002 titled Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction. Interestingly, he also served as a consultant on the movie Proof in 2005. He is also active in encouraging collaboration on difficult problems in mathematics online.

Gowers won the Fields Medal in 1998. He was knighted by the Queen (British Monarchy) for his services to mathematics in 2012.

**Featured in Top Influential Mathematicians Today**

According to Wikipedia, Sir William Timothy Gowers, is a British mathematician. He is Professeur titulaire of the Combinatorics chair at the Collège de France, and director of research at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1998, he received the Fields Medal for research connecting the fields of functional analysis and combinatorics.

- A new proof of Szemerédi's theorem (2001) (875)
- RANDOM GRAPHS (Wiley Interscience Series in Discrete Mathematics and Optimization) (2001) (575)
- The unconditional basic sequence problem (1992) (521)
- A New Proof of Szemerédi's Theorem for Arithmetic Progressions of Length Four (1998) (449)
- Hypergraph regularity and the multidimensional Szemerédi theorem (2007) (402)
- A NEW PROOF OF SZEMER ´ EDI'S THEOREM (2001) (324)
- Princeton companion to mathematics (2008) (278)
- Quasirandom Groups (2007) (233)
- Lower bounds of tower type for Szemerédi's uniformity lemma (1997) (233)
- Combinatorial theorems in sparse random sets (2010) (207)
- Quasirandomness, Counting and Regularity for 3-Uniform Hypergraphs (2006) (177)
- Banach spaces with small spaces of operators (1994) (164)
- Massively collaborative mathematics (2009) (161)
- The art of problem solving (2008) (139)
- An infinite Ramsey theorem and some Banach-space dichotomies (2002) (128)
- A Solution to Banach's Hyperplane Problem (1994) (125)
- Decompositions, approximate structure, transference, and the Hahn–Banach theorem (2008) (121)
- A new dichotomy for Banach spaces (1996) (96)
- Lipschitz functions on classical spaces (1992) (95)
- The true complexity of a system of linear equations (2007) (88)
- A Solution to the Schroeder‐Bernstein Problem for Banach Spaces (1996) (80)
- Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction (2002) (77)
- On the KŁR conjecture in random graphs (2013) (76)
- Linear Forms and Higher-Degree Uniformity for Functions On $${\mathbb{F}^{n}_{p}}$$ (2010) (59)
- Symmetric block bases of sequences with large average growth (1990) (54)
- A Fully Automatic Theorem Prover with Human-Style Output (2016) (51)
- A Banach Space Not Containing c 0 , l 1 or a Reflexive Subspace (1994) (48)
- The Two Cultures of Mathematics (45)
- Inverse and stability theorems for approximate representations of finite groups (2015) (42)
- LINEAR FORMS AND QUADRATIC UNIFORMITY FOR FUNCTIONS ON n p (2010) (41)
- Reinventing Discovery (2020) (38)
- Rough Structure and Classification (2010) (37)
- A Banach space not containing ₀,₁ or a reflexive subspace (1994) (36)
- Chapter 24 - Ramsey Methods in Banach Spaces (2003) (34)
- THE IMPORTANCE OF MATHEMATICS (2002) (33)
- Linear forms and quadratic uniformity for functions on ℤN (2010) (31)
- Recent Results in the Theory of Infinite-Dimensional Banach Spaces (1995) (29)
- A fully automatic problem solver with human-style output (2013) (29)
- Fourier Analysis and Szemerédi's Theorem (1998) (26)
- Analytic number theory : essays in honour of Klaus Roth (2009) (25)
- Does Mathematics Need a Philosophy (2006) (24)
- A Remark about the Scalar-Plus-Compact Problem (1998) (23)
- An Almost m-wise Independent Random Permutation of the Cube (1996) (20)
- Erdős and Arithmetic Progressions (2013) (19)
- A Hereditarily Indecomposable Space with an Asymptotic Unconditional Basis (1995) (18)
- Is Mathematics Discovered or Invented (2012) (18)
- A quantitative inverse theorem for the $U^4$ norm over finite fields (2017) (16)
- The length of an s-increasing sequence of r-tuples (2016) (15)
- Generalizations of Fourier analysis, and how to apply them (2016) (15)
- The communication complexity of interleaved group products (2015) (14)
- Generalizations of the Ruzsa-Szemerédi and rainbow Turán problems for cliques (2020) (14)
- Some Unsolved Problems in Additive/combinatorial Number Theory (12)
- An inverse theorem for Freiman multi-homomorphisms (2020) (10)
- Symmetric block bases in finite-dimensional normed spaces (1989) (10)
- Partial associativity and rough approximate groups (2019) (9)
- A bilinear version of Bogolyubov’s theorem (2017) (7)
- Probabilistic combinatorics and the recent work of Peter Keevash (2016) (6)
- Polymath and The Density Hales-Jewett Theorem (2010) (6)
- A uniform set with fewer than expected arithmetic progressions of length 4 (2020) (5)
- Arithmetic Progressions in Sparse Sets (2000) (5)
- A Discretized Approach to (2010) (5)
- A finite-dimensional normed space with two non-equivalent symmetric bases (1994) (5)
- Interleaved group products (2018) (5)
- Improved bounds for the Erdős-Rogers function (2018) (4)
- Subsets of Cayley Graphs that Induce Many Edges (2018) (3)
- How do IMO Problems Compare with Research Problems (2011) (3)
- The Multiparty Communication Complexity of Interleaved Group Products (2016) (3)
- Generalizations of the Ruzsa-Szemer\'edi and rainbow Tur\'an problems for cliques (2020) (3)
- The slice rank of a direct sum (2021) (3)
- Winning the numbers game (2002) (2)
- Chapter 7. Vividness in Mathematics and Narrative (2012) (2)
- Banach Spaces with Few Operators (1998) (2)
- The Work of Endre Szemerédi (2012) (2)
- VI.16 Brook Taylor (2010) (2)
- A note on extensions of multilinear maps defined on multilinear varieties (2019) (2)
- Freiman homomorphisms on sparse random sets (2016) (1)
- The importance of mathematics : Clay Mathematics Institute Millennium Meeting, Collège de France, Paris, May 24-25, 2000 (2002) (1)
- 366 days: Nature's 10 (2012) (1)
- Polytope Approximations of the Unit Ball of lpn (1998) (1)
- VI.45 Pafnuty Chebyshev (2010) (1)
- I.4 The General Goals of Mathematical Research (2010) (1)
- A Graphical User Interface Framework for Formal Verification (2021) (1)
- III.19 Duality (2010) (1)
- Mixing in non-quasirandom groups (2021) (1)
- Decision‐making with uncertainty (2020) (1)
- VI.5 Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (2010) (1)
- Symmetric sequences in finite-dimensional normed spaces (1991) (1)
- V.24 The P versus NP Problem (2010) (0)
- A Human-Oriented Term Rewriting System (2019) (0)
- A Continuous Path from School Calculus to University Analysis (2011) (0)
- H. Fetter and B. Gamboa de Buen The James Forest (London Mathematical Society Lecture Note Series Vol. 236, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997), xi + 255 pp., 0 521 58760 3 (paperback), £27.95 (US$44.95). (1999) (0)
- THE WORK OF JOHN MILNOR (2011) (0)
- The Work of the Fields Medallists : 1998 1 2 (2005) (0)
- High-dimensional tennis balls (2019) (0)
- TECHNIQUES IN COMBINATORICS – LECTURE NOTES (2014) (0)
- Bridging the Cultural Divide (2008) (0)
- A pr 2 01 8 Interleaved group products (2018) (0)
- A scientist to count on (2001) (0)
- On the KŁR conjecture in random graphs (2014) (0)
- What Can Pure Mathematics Offer to Society (2012) (0)
- The Mathematics of Endre Szemerédi (2014) (0)
- A uniform set with fewer than expected arithmetic progressions of length 4 (2020) (0)
- Symmetric structures in Banach spaces (1990) (0)
- Erd\H{o}s and Arithmetic Progressions (2015) (0)
- 2004 1 Random walks on graphs (2004) (0)
- Prime time for mathematics (2003) (0)
- A counterexample to a strengthening of a question of Milman (2021) (0)
- Five minutes with Timothy Gowers: “academics can publish journals of the highest quality without a commercial entity” (2016) (0)
- III.50 Linear Operators and Their Properties (2010) (0)
- Five Minutes with Tim Gowers and Tyler Neylon: “The boycott has made Elsevier more concerned about its public image” (2012) (0)
- III.17 Dimension (2010) (0)
- III.61 The Monster Group (2010) (0)
- V.30 The Resolution of Singularities (2010) (0)
- III.43 Jordan Normal Form (2010) (0)
- III.99 The Zermelo–Fraenkel Axioms (2010) (0)
- Ronald Lewis Graham (1935–2020) (2021) (0)
- V.11 Fixed Point Theorems (2010) (0)
- III.80 The Riemann Zeta Function (2010) (0)
- III.98 Wavelets (2010) (0)
- Combinatorics in the service of mathematics (2000) (0)
- VI.10 Simon Stevin (2010) (0)
- V.4 The Birch–Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture (2010) (0)
- V.20 The Insolubility of the Halting Problem (2010) (0)
- V.33 The Three-Body Problem (2010) (0)
- V.13 The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra (2010) (0)
- III.62 Normed Spaces and Banach Spaces (2010) (0)
- VI.32 George Green (2010) (0)
- V.25 The Poincaré Conjecture (2010) (0)
- V.27 Problems and Results in Additive Number Theory (2010) (0)
- III.76 Quaternions, Octonions, and Normed Division Algebras (2010) (0)
- III.87 Spherical Harmonics (2010) (0)
- Perverse incentives: How the reward structures of academia impede scholarly communication and good science (2017) (0)
- V.14 The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic (2010) (0)
- 4. Limits and infinity (2002) (0)
- III.89 Tensor Products (2010) (0)
- VI.6 Leonardo of Pisa (known as Fibonacci) (2010) (0)
- V.19 Inequalities (2010) (0)
- III.13 Curvature (2010) (0)
- VI.78 George Birkhoff (2010) (0)
- III.25 The Exponential and Logarithmic Functions (2010) (0)
- III.74 Quantum Computation (2010) (0)
- The roots of complex problems (2007) (0)
- I.3 Some Fundamental Mathematical Definitions (2010) (0)
- Can Computers Be Mathematicians (2015) (0)
- III.30 Galois Groups (2010) (0)
- V.1 The ABC Conjecture (2010) (0)
- III.42 The Ising Model (2010) (0)
- III.69 Phase Transitions (2010) (0)
- V.29 Rational Points on Curves and the Mordell Conjecture (2010) (0)
- I.1 What Is Mathematics About (2010) (0)
- III.39 Homotopy Groups (2010) (0)
- V.16 Gromov’s Polynomial-Growth Theorem (2010) (0)
- V.18 The Independence of the Continuum Hypothesis (2010) (0)
- A mathematical tonic (2006) (0)
- III.1 The Axiom of Choice (2010) (0)
- Mathematical musings (2005) (0)
- III.26 The Fast Fourier Transform (2010) (0)
- VIII.6 Advice to a Young Mathematician (2010) (0)
- III.11 Countable and Uncountable Sets (2010) (0)
- III.46 The Leech Lattice (2010) (0)
- A course given by Tim Gowers (2004) (0)
- III.38 Homology and Cohomology (2010) (0)
- III.55 Measures (2010) (0)
- V.6 The Central Limit Theorem (2010) (0)
- VI.59 Sofya (Sonya) Kovalevskaya (2010) (0)
- III.32 Generating Functions (2010) (0)
- III.65 Orbifolds (2010) (0)
- III.33 Genus (2010) (0)
- III.53 Manifolds (2010) (0)
- III.10 Computational Complexity Classes (2010) (0)
- 8. Some frequently asked questions (2002) (0)
- III.52 The Mandelbrot Set (2010) (0)
- III.56 Metric Spaces (2010) (0)
- I.2 The Language and Grammar of Mathematics (2010) (0)
- V.34 The Uniformization Theorem (2010) (0)
- III.7 Cardinals (2010) (0)
- III.67 The Peano Axioms (2010) (0)
- III.2 The Axiom of Determinacy (2010) (0)
- III.66 Ordinals (2010) (0)
- 7. Estimates and approximations (2002) (0)
- V.26 The Prime Number Theorem and the Riemann Hypothesis (2010) (0)
- III.57 Models of Set Theory (2010) (0)
- VI.21 Edward Waring (2010) (0)
- III.3 Bayesian Analysis (2010) (0)
- 2. Numbers and abstraction (2002) (0)
- Gafa Geometric and Functional Analysis a New Proof of Szemer Edi's Theorem for Arithmetic Progressions of Length Four (0)
- VI.89 Alonzo Church (2010) (0)
- III.77 Representations (2010) (0)
- III.20 Dynamical Systems and Chaos (2010) (0)
- III.72 Projective Space (2010) (0)
- III.40 The Ideal Class Group (2010) (0)
- III.95 Varieties (2010) (0)
- III.15 Determinants (2010) (0)
- V.31 The Riemann–Roch Theorem (2010) (0)
- III.81 Rings, Ideals, and Modules (2010) (0)

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