#5,889

Most Influential Person

British mathematician

Gowers is Royal Society Research Professor at the Department of Pure Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics at the University of Cambridge, UK. He also holds the Rouse Ball Chair in Mathematics at Cambridge (Roger Penrose holds this Chair at the other granting institution, Oxford), and is a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Gowers received his early training at King’s College and Eton, where he was a King’s Scholar. He received his Ph.D. from Trinity College, Cambridge University in 1990.

A British mathematician, Gowers’ work has been primarily in functional analysis, and in particular in the vector construct known as a Banach space. He has also performed fundamental work in combinatorics and number theory (of combinatorial number theory), proving a number of important lemmas and results, as well as introducing the concept of a quasi random group in 2005. Most recently, Gowers has taken up the perennial problem in mathematics, the conjecture that “P does not equal NP,” or in other words that complex problems in computational theory (NP problems) cannot be reduced to a simpler class of problem, known as P.

Gowers also helped to popularize mathematics, writing a book for a general readership in 2002 titled Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction. Interestingly, he also served as a consultant on the movie Proof in 2005. He is also active in encouraging collaboration on difficult problems in mathematics online.

Gowers won the Fields Medal in 1998. He was knighted by the Queen (British Monarchy) for his services to mathematics in 2012.

**Featured in Top Influential Mathematicians Today**

According to Wikipedia, Sir William Timothy Gowers, is a British mathematician. He is Professeur titulaire of the Combinatorics chair at the Collège de France, and Director of Research at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1998, he received the Fields Medal for research connecting the fields of functional analysis and combinatorics.

- A new proof of Szemerédi's theorem (2001) (776)
- RANDOM GRAPHS (Wiley Interscience Series in Discrete Mathematics and Optimization) (2001) (558)
- The unconditional basic sequence problem (1992) (468)
- A New Proof of Szemerédi's Theorem for Arithmetic Progressions of Length Four (1998) (427)
- Hypergraph regularity and the multidimensional Szemerédi theorem (2007) (369)
- A NEW PROOF OF SZEMER ´ EDI'S THEOREM (2001) (332)
- Princeton companion to mathematics (2008) (228)
- Lower bounds of tower type for Szemerédi's uniformity lemma (1997) (223)
- Quasirandom Groups (2008) (204)
- Combinatorial theorems in sparse random sets (2010) (184)
- Quasirandomness, Counting and Regularity for 3-Uniform Hypergraphs (2006) (168)
- Massively collaborative mathematics (2009) (150)
- Banach spaces with small spaces of operators (1994) (150)
- The art of problem solving (2008) (139)
- An infinite Ramsey theorem and some Banach-space dichotomies (2002) (119)
- A Solution to Banach's Hyperplane Problem (1994) (115)
- Decompositions, approximate structure, transference, and the Hahn-Banach theorem (2008) (105)
- A new dichotomy for Banach spaces (1996) (94)
- Lipschitz functions on classical spaces (1992) (85)
- The true complexity of a system of linear equations (2010) (79)
- A Solution to the Schroeder‐Bernstein Problem for Banach Spaces (1996) (79)
- Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction (2002) (73)
- On the KŁR conjecture in random graphs (2013) (68)
- Linear Forms and Higher-Degree Uniformity for Functions On $${\mathbb{F}^{n}_{p}}$$ (2010) (55)
- Symmetric block bases of sequences with large average growth (1990) (48)
- A Fully Automatic Theorem Prover with Human-Style Output (2016) (44)
- A Banach space not containing ₀,₁ or a reflexive subspace (1994) (41)
- Rough Structure and Classification (2010) (39)
- Chapter 24 - Ramsey Methods in Banach Spaces (2003) (35)
- A Banach Space Not Containing c 0 , l 1 or a Reflexive Subspace (1994) (35)
- The Two Cultures of Mathematics (34)
- Linear forms and quadratic uniformity for functions on ℤN (2011) (34)
- Inverse and stability theorems for approximate representations of finite groups (2015) (33)
- Reinventing Discovery (2020) (31)
- THE IMPORTANCE OF MATHEMATICS (2002) (28)
- Recent Results in the Theory of Infinite-Dimensional Banach Spaces (1995) (27)
- A fully automatic problem solver with human-style output (2013) (24)
- An Almost m-wise Independed Random Permutation of the Cube (1996) (23)
- LINEAR FORMS AND QUADRATIC UNIFORMITY FOR FUNCTIONS ON n p (2011) (22)
- Analytic number theory : essays in honour of Klaus Roth (2009) (21)
- Fourier Analysis and Szemerédi's Theorem (1998) (21)
- Does Mathematics Need a Philosophy (2006) (20)
- A Remark about the Scalar-Plus-Compact Problem (1998) (20)
- Is Mathematics Discovered or Invented (2012) (17)
- A Hereditarily Indecomposable Space with an Asymptotic Unconditional Basis (1995) (16)
- Erdős and Arithmetic Progressions (2013) (16)
- A quantitative inverse theorem for the $U^4$ norm over finite fields (2017) (13)
- The length of an s-increasing sequence of r-tuples (2021) (12)
- The communication complexity of interleaved group products (2015) (12)
- Some Unsolved Problems in Additive/combinatorial Number Theory (12)
- Generalizations of Fourier analysis, and how to apply them (2016) (11)
- Symmetric block bases in finite-dimensional normed spaces (1989) (9)
- Generalizations of the Ruzsa-Szemerédi and rainbow Turán problems for cliques (2021) (8)
- A bilinear version of Bogolyubov’s theorem (2017) (7)
- Arithmetic Progressions in Sparse Sets (2000) (6)
- Probabilistic combinatorics and the recent work of Peter Keevash (2016) (6)
- An inverse theorem for Freiman multi-homomorphisms (2020) (6)
- Polymath and The Density Hales-Jewett Theorem (2010) (5)
- Interleaved group products (2019) (4)
- A finite-dimensional normed space with two non-equivalent symmetric bases (1994) (4)
- A uniform set with fewer than expected arithmetic progressions of length 4 (2020) (4)
- Improved bounds for the Erdős-Rogers function (2018) (3)
- Generalizations of the Ruzsa-Szemer\'edi and rainbow Tur\'an problems for cliques (2020) (3)
- How do IMO Problems Compare with Research Problems (2011) (3)
- Partial associativity and rough approximate groups (2019) (3)
- VI.16 Brook Taylor (2010) (2)
- Chapter 7. Vividness in Mathematics and Narrative (2012) (2)
- Winning the numbers game (2002) (2)
- A Discretized Approach to (2010) (2)
- Subsets of Cayley Graphs that Induce Many Edges (2019) (2)
- The slice rank of a direct sum (2021) (2)
- Banach Spaces with Few Operators (1998) (2)
- The Multiparty Communication Complexity of Interleaved Group Products (2016) (2)
- The Work of Endre Szemerédi (2012) (2)
- Symmetric sequences in finite-dimensional normed spaces (1991) (1)
- The importance of mathematics : Clay Mathematics Institute Millennium Meeting, Collège de France, Paris, May 24-25, 2000 (2002) (1)
- VI.5 Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (2010) (1)
- 366 days: Nature's 10 (2012) (1)
- VI.45 Pafnuty Chebyshev (2010) (1)
- III.19 Duality (2010) (1)
- Polytope Approximations of the Unit Ball of lpn (1998) (1)
- A note on extensions of multilinear maps defined on multilinear varieties (2021) (1)
- Freiman homomorphisms on sparse random sets (2016) (1)
- III.55 Measures (2010) (0)
- III.95 Varieties (2010) (0)
- III.89 Tensor Products (2010) (0)
- A mathematical tonic (2006) (0)
- III.76 Quaternions, Octonions, and Normed Division Algebras (2010) (0)
- I.3 Some Fundamental Mathematical Definitions (2010) (0)
- Massively Collaborative Mathematics (2011) (0)
- III.39 Homotopy Groups (2010) (0)
- III.1 The Axiom of Choice (2010) (0)
- Mixing in non-quasirandom groups (2021) (0)
- A course given by Tim Gowers (2004) (0)
- 8. Some frequently asked questions (2002) (0)
- III.65 Orbifolds (2010) (0)
- Five Minutes with Tim Gowers and Tyler Neylon: “The boycott has made Elsevier more concerned about its public image” (2012) (0)
- III.81 Rings, Ideals, and Modules (2010) (0)
- VI.78 George Birkhoff (2010) (0)
- III.50 Linear Operators and Their Properties (2010) (0)
- III.74 Quantum Computation (2010) (0)
- VI.59 Sofya (Sonya) Kovalevskaya (2010) (0)
- VI.10 Simon Stevin (2010) (0)
- V.26 The Prime Number Theorem and the Riemann Hypothesis (2010) (0)
- III.80 The Riemann Zeta Function (2010) (0)
- III.66 Ordinals (2010) (0)
- V.34 The Uniformization Theorem (2010) (0)
- V.27 Problems and Results in Additive Number Theory (2010) (0)
- VIII.6 Advice to a Young Mathematician (2010) (0)
- III.7 Cardinals (2010) (0)
- Decision‐making with uncertainty (2020) (0)
- V.4 The Birch–Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture (2010) (0)
- Mathematical musings (2005) (0)
- A Continuous Path from School Calculus to University Analysis (2011) (0)
- III.77 Representations (2010) (0)
- III.25 The Exponential and Logarithmic Functions (2010) (0)
- III.57 Models of Set Theory (2010) (0)
- III.52 The Mandelbrot Set (2010) (0)
- III.11 Countable and Uncountable Sets (2010) (0)
- V.29 Rational Points on Curves and the Mordell Conjecture (2010) (0)
- I.1 What Is Mathematics About (2010) (0)
- Perverse incentives: How the reward structures of academia impede scholarly communication and good science (2017) (0)
- V.16 Gromov’s Polynomial-Growth Theorem (2010) (0)
- III.2 The Axiom of Determinacy (2010) (0)
- III.3 Bayesian Analysis (2010) (0)
- V.18 The Independence of the Continuum Hypothesis (2010) (0)
- I.2 The Language and Grammar of Mathematics (2010) (0)
- III.33 Genus (2010) (0)
- 2004 1 Random walks on graphs (2004) (0)
- 4. Limits and infinity (2002) (0)
- III.30 Galois Groups (2010) (0)
- III.46 The Leech Lattice (2010) (0)
- III.87 Spherical Harmonics (2010) (0)
- Bridging the Cultural Divide (2008) (0)
- A counterexample to a strengthening of a question of Milman (2021) (0)
- V.30 The Resolution of Singularities (2010) (0)
- III.53 Manifolds (2010) (0)
- Combinatorics in the service of mathematics (2000) (0)
- III.13 Curvature (2010) (0)
- 2. Numbers and abstraction (2002) (0)
- A Fully Automatic Theorem Prover with Human-Style Output (2019) (0)
- V.6 The Central Limit Theorem (2010) (0)
- III.67 The Peano Axioms (2010) (0)
- III.43 Jordan Normal Form (2010) (0)
- Massively Collaborative Mathematics (2021) (0)
- Can Computers Be Mathematicians (2015) (0)
- V.1 The ABC Conjecture (2010) (0)
- III.62 Normed Spaces and Banach Spaces (2010) (0)
- III.10 Computational Complexity Classes (2010) (0)
- III.98 Wavelets (2010) (0)
- TECHNIQUES IN COMBINATORICS – LECTURE NOTES (2014) (0)
- A Human-Oriented Term Rewriting System (2019) (0)
- A Graphical User Interface Framework for Formal Verification (2021) (0)
- V.14 The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic (2010) (0)
- Symmetric structures in Banach spaces (1990) (0)
- Erd\H{o}s and Arithmetic Progressions (2015) (0)
- VI.89 Alonzo Church (2010) (0)
- V.13 The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra (2010) (0)
- V.33 The Three-Body Problem (2010) (0)
- III.32 Generating Functions (2010) (0)
- V.25 The Poincaré Conjecture (2010) (0)
- III.61 The Monster Group (2010) (0)
- The roots of complex problems (2007) (0)
- What Can Pure Mathematics Offer to Society (2012) (0)
- V.24 The P versus NP Problem (2010) (0)
- THE WORK OF JOHN MILNOR (2011) (0)
- A pr 2 01 8 Interleaved group products (2018) (0)
- III.42 The Ising Model (2010) (0)
- III.99 The Zermelo–Fraenkel Axioms (2010) (0)
- III.56 Metric Spaces (2010) (0)
- A scientist to count on (2001) (0)
- Ronald Lewis Graham (1935–2020) (2021) (0)
- V.11 Fixed Point Theorems (2010) (0)
- III.40 The Ideal Class Group (2010) (0)
- Five minutes with Timothy Gowers: “academics can publish journals of the highest quality without a commercial entity” (2016) (0)
- H. Fetter and B. Gamboa de Buen The James Forest (London Mathematical Society Lecture Note Series Vol. 236, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997), xi + 255 pp., 0 521 58760 3 (paperback), £27.95 (US$44.95). (1999) (0)
- III.38 Homology and Cohomology (2010) (0)
- The Mathematics of Endre Szemerédi (2014) (0)
- V.19 Inequalities (2010) (0)
- III.72 Projective Space (2010) (0)
- High-dimensional tennis balls. (2019) (0)
- III.20 Dynamical Systems and Chaos (2010) (0)
- 7. Estimates and approximations (2002) (0)
- V.31 The Riemann–Roch Theorem (2010) (0)
- I.4 The General Goals of Mathematical Research (2010) (0)
- III.15 Determinants (2010) (0)
- V.20 The Insolubility of the Halting Problem (2010) (0)
- III.17 Dimension (2010) (0)
- VI.6 Leonardo of Pisa (known as Fibonacci) (2010) (0)
- III.69 Phase Transitions (2010) (0)
- Prime time for mathematics (2003) (0)
- The Work of the Fields Medallists : 1998 1 2 (2005) (0)
- VI.21 Edward Waring (2010) (0)
- Gafa Geometric and Functional Analysis a New Proof of Szemer Edi's Theorem for Arithmetic Progressions of Length Four (0)
- III.26 The Fast Fourier Transform (2010) (0)
- VI.32 George Green (2010) (0)

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