#6,555

Most Influential Person

British mathematician

Gowers is Royal Society Research Professor at the Department of Pure Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics at the University of Cambridge, UK. He also holds the Rouse Ball Chair in Mathematics at Cambridge (Roger Penrose holds this Chair at the other granting institution, Oxford), and is a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Gowers received his early training at King’s College and Eton, where he was a King’s Scholar. He received his Ph.D. from Trinity College, Cambridge University in 1990.

A British mathematician, Gowers’ work has been primarily in functional analysis, and in particular in the vector construct known as a Banach space. He has also performed fundamental work in combinatorics and number theory (of combinatorial number theory), proving a number of important lemmas and results, as well as introducing the concept of a quasi random group in 2005. Most recently, Gowers has taken up the perennial problem in mathematics, the conjecture that “P does not equal NP,” or in other words that complex problems in computational theory (NP problems) cannot be reduced to a simpler class of problem, known as P.

Gowers also helped to popularize mathematics, writing a book for a general readership in 2002 titled Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction. Interestingly, he also served as a consultant on the movie Proof in 2005. He is also active in encouraging collaboration on difficult problems in mathematics online.

Gowers won the Fields Medal in 1998. He was knighted by the Queen (British Monarchy) for his services to mathematics in 2012.

**Featured in Top Influential Mathematicians Today**

According to Wikipedia, Sir William Timothy Gowers, is a British mathematician. He is Professeur titulaire of the Combinatorics chair at the Collège de France, and Director of Research at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1998, he received the Fields Medal for research connecting the fields of functional analysis and combinatorics.

- A new proof of Szemerédi's theorem (748)
- RANDOM GRAPHS (Wiley Interscience Series in Discrete Mathematics and Optimization) (543)
- The unconditional basic sequence problem (464)
- A New Proof of Szemerédi's Theorem for Arithmetic Progressions of Length Four (408)
- Hypergraph regularity and the multidimensional Szemerédi theorem (359)
- A NEW PROOF OF SZEMER ´ EDI'S THEOREM (332)
- Lower bounds of tower type for Szemerédi's uniformity lemma (219)
- Quasirandom Groups (199)
- Combinatorial theorems in sparse random sets (172)
- Quasirandomness, Counting and Regularity for 3-Uniform Hypergraphs (164)
- Banach spaces with small spaces of operators (147)
- An infinite Ramsey theorem and some Banach-space dichotomies (118)
- A Solution to Banach's Hyperplane Problem (114)
- Decompositions, approximate structure, transference, and the Hahn-Banach theorem (104)
- A new dichotomy for Banach spaces (93)
- Lipschitz functions on classical spaces (86)
- A Solution to the Schroeder‐Bernstein Problem for Banach Spaces (78)
- The true complexity of a system of linear equations (76)
- On the KŁR conjecture in random graphs (61)
- Linear Forms and Higher-Degree Uniformity for Functions On $${\mathbb{F}^{n}_{p}}$$ (53)
- Symmetric block bases of sequences with large average growth (48)
- A Banach space not containing ₀,₁ or a reflexive subspace (41)
- A Fully Automatic Theorem Prover with Human-Style Output (40)
- Rough Structure and Classification (39)
- Chapter 24 - Ramsey Methods in Banach Spaces (35)
- Linear forms and quadratic uniformity for functions on ℤN (33)
- A Banach Space Not Containing c 0 , l 1 or a Reflexive Subspace (33)
- The Two Cultures of Mathematics (31)
- Inverse and stability theorems for approximate representations of finite groups (28)
- THE IMPORTANCE OF MATHEMATICS (25)
- An Almost m-wise Independed Random Permutation of the Cube (23)
- Recent Results in the Theory of Infinite-Dimensional Banach Spaces (23)
- A fully automatic problem solver with human-style output (22)
- Fourier Analysis and Szemerédi's Theorem (21)
- Analytic number theory : essays in honour of Klaus Roth (21)
- A Remark about the Scalar-Plus-Compact Problem (20)
- Does Mathematics Need a Philosophy (20)
- LINEAR FORMS AND QUADRATIC UNIFORMITY FOR FUNCTIONS ON n p (19)
- A Hereditarily Indecomposable Space with an Asymptotic Unconditional Basis (16)
- Erdős and Arithmetic Progressions (16)
- Some Unsolved Problems in Additive/combinatorial Number Theory (12)
- The length of an s-increasing sequence of r-tuples (11)
- Generalizations of Fourier analysis, and how to apply them (11)
- Symmetric block bases in finite-dimensional normed spaces (9)
- A quantitative inverse theorem for the $U^4$ norm over finite fields (8)
- Generalizations of the Ruzsa–Szemerédi and rainbow Turán problems for cliques (6)
- Probabilistic combinatorics and the recent work of Peter Keevash (6)
- Polymath and The Density Hales-Jewett Theorem (5)
- Arithmetic Progressions in Sparse Sets (5)
- A bilinear version of Bogolyubov's theorem (5)
- A uniform set with fewer than expected arithmetic progressions of length 4 (4)
- A finite-dimensional normed space with two non-equivalent symmetric bases (4)
- Generalizations of the Ruzsa-Szemer\'edi and rainbow Tur\'an problems for cliques (3)
- Interleaved group products (3)
- An inverse theorem for Freiman multi-homomorphisms (2)
- A Discretized Approach to (2)
- The Work of Endre Szemerédi (2)
- Banach Spaces with Few Operators (2)
- The Multiparty Communication Complexity of Interleaved Group Products (2)
- Improved bounds for the Erdős-Rogers function (2)
- The slice rank of a direct sum (2)
- Winning the numbers game (2)
- Symmetric sequences in finite-dimensional normed spaces (1)
- Polytope Approximations of the Unit Ball of lpn (1)
- A note on extensions of multilinear maps defined on multilinear varieties (1)
- How do IMO Problems Compare with Research Problems (1)
- Freiman homomorphisms on sparse random sets (1)
- Prime time for mathematics (0)
- A Continuous Path from School Calculus to University Analysis (0)
- Bridging the Cultural Divide (0)
- Erd\H{o}s and Arithmetic Progressions (0)
- A Human-Oriented Term Rewriting System (0)
- The Work of the Fields Medallists : 1998 1 2 (0)
- THE WORK OF JOHN MILNOR (0)
- A Graphical User Interface Framework for Formal Verification (0)
- 2004 1 Random walks on graphs (0)
- TECHNIQUES IN COMBINATORICS – LECTURE NOTES (0)
- The Mathematics of Endre Szemerédi (0)
- A pr 2 01 8 Interleaved group products (0)
- What Can Pure Mathematics Offer to Society (0)
- Five minutes with Timothy Gowers: “academics can publish journals of the highest quality without a commercial entity” (0)
- H. Fetter and B. Gamboa de Buen The James Forest (London Mathematical Society Lecture Note Series Vol. 236, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997), xi + 255 pp., 0 521 58760 3 (paperback), £27.95 (US$44.95). (0)
- A scientist to count on (0)
- Symmetric structures in Banach spaces (0)
- High-dimensional tennis balls. (0)

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