Tsinghua University
#191 Overall Influence

Tsinghua University

University in Beijing, China

By James Barham, PhD

Tsinghua University was founded in 1911 as Tsinghua College. In the modern Pinyin transliteration system, the name would be written as “Qinghua”; however, the university retains the older spelling for official purposes.

Tsinghua University was built on the site of the former imperial gardens maintained by the Ming and Qing Dynasties.During the Qing Dynasty’s tumultuous last years, the Boxer Rebellion broke out in 1899. The rebellion targeted the many foreign embassies and private companies that had been occupying parts of China for decades, as well as Chinese Christians and others.

After the bloody rebellion was put down in 1901 by an alliance of foreign powers, including the US, heavy reparations (“indemnities”) were imposed on China. Initially, China’s assessment to indemnify the US was set at $30 million. However, the administration of US President Theodore Roosevelt agreed to lower this amount by almost two-thirds, on the condition that the remaining indemnity be used to set up a scholarship fund for Chinese students to pursue their higher education in the US. As a part of this agreement, Tsinghua College was established to serve as a college preparatory school for China’s US-bound students.

Partly as a result of the agreement, a new rebellion broke out, which led to the proclamation of the Republic of China (ROC) under President Sun Yat-Sen on January 1, 1912. Shortly thereafter, the last Qing Emperor was forced to abdicate. These events did not impede the fortunes of the new college, however, as the ROC continued to abide by the terms of the indemnification agreement with the US.

In 1928, the school officially became Tsinghua University. In 1949, Mao Zedong People’s Liberation Army defeated the army of ROC President Chiang Kai-shek. Many Tsinghua professors fled with the retreating nationalist government to the offshore island of Taiwan, setting up the National Tsing Hua University there. The original Tsinghua University in Beijing eventually reopened after being reorganized along Communist Party lines.

Today, Tsinghua comprises 24 schools, which include some 58 colleges and institutes spanning the full academic spectrum from the humanities to the natural and social sciences.

As the premier research university in the country, Tsinghua is highly selective. Although its student body of more than 36,000 may appear sizable by American standards, when one takes the population of China (~1.4 billion) into account, it becomes clear that Tsinghua is a very elite school indeed.

Among many prominent Tsinghua-associated individuals, we may mention the following:

  • Mathematicians, Shiing-Shen Chern, Huai-Dong Cao, Chia-Chiao Lin, Shou-Wu Zhang, Hua Luogeng (Hua Loo-Keng) & Stephen Shing-Toung Yau
  • Statisticians, Xihong Lin & Jun S. Liu
  • Computer scientists, Andrew Yao (Turing Award–winner), Chung Laung Liu (C.L. Liu) & Wang Xiaoyun
  • Logician, Fenrong Liu
  • Philosophers, Hao Wang, Feng Youlan & Zhang Dongsun (Chang Tung-sheng)
  • Poets, Mu Dan (Zha Liangzheng) & Wen Yiduo
  • Novelist and scholar Qian Zhongshu
  • Scholar and educator, Liang Shih-chiu (Liang Shiqiu)
  • Astrophysicist, Su-Shu Huang
  • Physicists, Yang Chen-Ning (Yang Zhenning) (Nobel laureate), Zhang Shoucheng, Zhou Guangzhao, Wang Ganchang, Qian Weichang (Chien Wei-zang), Qian Sanqiang (Tsien San-Tsiang), Wang Zhuxi, Chung-Yao Chao & Wu Youxun (Y.H. Woo)
  • Nanotechnologist, Hongjie Dai
  • Electrical engineer, Ma Weiming
  • Aeronautical engineer, Li Tian
  • Biophysicist, Shi Yigong
  • Chemist, Qiu Yong
  • Structural biologist, Nieng Yan (Yan Ning)
  • Biomedical engineer, Leslie Ying
  • Architects, Liang Sicheng, Li Daozeng & Qingyun Ma
  • Historian and political theorist, K.C. Hsiao
  • Sociologist, Wu Wenzao
  • Anthropologist, Fei Xiaotong (Fei Hsiao-Tung)
  • Linguist, Li Fang-Kuei
  • Economists, Zhou Xiaochuan & David Daokui Li
  • Economist and actuarial theorist, Michael R. Powers
  • Japanese Shinto leader, Haruhisa Handa
  • Sinologist, John K. Fairbank
  • Journalist, Leta Hong Fincher
  • TV journalist, Kristie Lu Stout
  • Current Chinese Communist Party General Secretary, Xi Jinping

Other Tsinghua graduates who have achieved high positions, past and present, within China’s Communist Party leadership are too numerous to mention individually.

From Wikipedia

Tsinghua University is a major research university in Beijing, and a member of the C9 League of Chinese universities. Since its establishment in 1911, it has graduated Chinese leaders in science, engineering, politics, business, academia, and culture.

Source: Wikipedia

What is Tsinghua University known for?

#66 World Rank
#70 World Rank
#103 World Rank
Computer Science
#126 World Rank
#131 World Rank
#133 World Rank
#145 World Rank
#161 World Rank
Political Science
#169 World Rank
#172 World Rank
#212 World Rank
#249 World Rank
#262 World Rank
#266 World Rank
#271 World Rank
#317 World Rank
#333 World Rank
#343 World Rank
Earth Sciences
#399 World Rank
#490 World Rank
#671 World Rank
#811 World Rank
Social Work
#1418 World Rank
Religious Studies

Influential People

Who are Tsinghua University's Most influential alumni?

Tsinghua University's most influential alumni faculty include professors and professionals in the fields of Education, Engineering, and Computer Science. Tsinghua University’s most academically influential people include Tsung-Dao Lee, Wu Wenzao, and Shiing-Shen Chern.

Tsung-Dao Lee
Tsung-Dao Lee

Chinese-American physicist

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Wu Wenzao
Wu Wenzao

Chinese academic

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Shiing-Shen Chern
Shiing-Shen Chern

Chinese-American mathematician and poet

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Wen Yiduo
Wen Yiduo

Chinese poet, scholar

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Feng Youlan
Feng Youlan

Chinese philosopher

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Yang Liwei
Yang Liwei

Chinese astronaut

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Chen-ning Yang
Chen-ning Yang

Chinese physicist

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Leslie Ying

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Min Chueh Chang

Chinese biologist

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Wu Mi

Chinese poet

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K. C. Hsiao
K. C. Hsiao

Chinese academic

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Qian Zhongshu
Qian Zhongshu

Chinese scholar and writer

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