David Deutsch was born in Haifa, Israel in 1953. He attended Claire College, Cambridge to receive a BA and went on to earn a PhD studying theoretical physics at Oxford University. Deutsch is Visiting Professor in the Department of Atomic and Laser Physics at the Centre for Quantum Computation (CQC) in the Clarendon Laboratory of the University of Oxford.
Deutsch effectively launched the field of quantum computation by first formulating a description of a quantum Turing machine, the abstract architecture first developed by British mathematician Alan Turing in the 1930s. A quantum Turing machine is a computer that can (at least in theory) calculate much faster than any standard computer, or Turing machine. This has proven to be a major area of fundamental research in cutting edge computation and computer science. Deutsch is known for the semi-eponymous Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm, first described in a 1985 paper, which proves the existence of a quantum computer algorithm that is exponentially faster than any classical algorithm.
Deutsch has also done work in basic physics, and in 1997 published his book about his “theory of everything,” titled The Fabric of Reality. The Fabric of Reality was shortlisted for the Rhone-Poulenc science book award in 1998. His 2011 book The Beginning of Infinity: Explanations that Transform the World makes a case for the 18th century period in Western history known as the Enlightenment being the beginning of a potentially infinite progression in scientific knowledge. Deutsch won the Dirac Prize from the Institute of Physics in 1998, and the Dirac Medal in 2017. Deutsch was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2008.
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