Elizabeth Fishman Loftus is currently a Distinguished Professor of Social Ecology, at the University of California Irvine, as well as a professor of law, a professor of cognitive science, and the director of The Center for Psychology and Law. Previously, Loftus held positions at the University of Washington, New York University, and Harvard University. Loftus completed her undergraduate studies at the University of California Los Angeles in 1966, and earned her MA and Ph.D. at Stanford University in 1970.
Loftus is best known for her work in the areas of cognitive psychology, particularly in regards to memory. Some of Loftus’ best-known work involved research into the accuracy of eyewitness testimony, and whether or not memory and recollection can be altered later, such as by suggestive questioning. Loftus found that semantics can indeed have an effect on how an eyewitness remembers an event, and coined the phrase “misinformation effect,” referring to a paradigm that describes this phenomenon. Stemming from this, Loftus has served as an expert witness in numerous high-profile trials, including the murder trials of O.J. Simpson, and of Ted Bundy. Later, and with plenty of surrounding controversy, Loftus researched the idea of implanting false memories, arguing that her findings show it is possible to implant false memories, such as those of childhood trauma.Published works from Loftus include The Myth of Repressed Memory: False Memories and Allegations of Sexual Abuse and Witness for the Defense: The Accused, the Eyewitness, and the Expert Who Puts Memory on Trial
For her work, Loftus has received numerous awards and honors, including being made a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a fellow of the British Psychological Society, as well as a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Western Psychological Association, an Isaac Asimov Award from the American Humanist Association, and a Howard Crosby Warren Medal from the Society of Experimental Psychologists.
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Elizabeth F. Loftus is an American cognitive psychologist and expert on human memory. She has conducted research on the malleability of human memory. Loftus is best known for her ground-breaking work on the misinformation effect and eyewitness memory, and the creation and nature of false memories, including recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse. As well as her work inside the laboratory, Loftus has been involved in applying her research to legal settings; she has consulted or provided expert witness testimony for hundreds of cases. In 2002, Loftus was ranked 58th in the Review of General Psychologys list of the 100 most influential psychological researchers of the 20th century, and was the highest ranked woman on the list.Source: Wikipedia
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