#1,937

Most Influential Person

Dutch theoretical physicist

Gerard ’t Hooft is a Dutch theoretical physicist and currently Professor of Physics at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. Hooft showed mathematical prowess early in his life, earning a silver medal in the second Dutch Math Olympiad. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Physics from Utrecht University in the Netherlands and his Ph.D. in Physics from Utrecht, working on elementary particles in theoretical physics.

Hooft’s work focuses on black holes, quantum gravity, and other fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. He has done important work on holographic theory, for instance, a view inspired by string theory and thought to be a component of a theory of quantum gravity. Hooft became the editor-in-chief of Foundations for Physics in 2007. He won the Wolf Prize in 1981 and in 1999 Hooft shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with his thesis advisor Veltman for work on the electroweak interactions in physics.

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**Featured in Top Influential Physicists Today**

According to Wikipedia, Gerardus 't Hooft is a Dutch theoretical physicist and professor at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics with his thesis advisor Martinus J. G. Veltman "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions".

- A Planar Diagram Theory for Strong Interactions (1974) (3557)
- Regularization and Renormalization of Gauge Fields (1972) (3080)
- Magnetic monopoles in unified gauge theories (1974) (2241)
- Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies (1976) (1705)
- Computation of the quantum effects due to a four-dimensional pseudoparticle (1976) (1424)
- Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Gravity (1993) (1339)
- A two-dimensional model for mesons (1974) (1207)
- On the Phase Transition Towards Permanent Quark Confinement (1978) (1051)
- Dimensional regularization and the renormalization group (1973) (997)
- Topology of the gauge condition and new confinement phases in non-abelian gauge theories (1981) (939)
- On the Quantum Structure of a Black Hole (1985) (933)
- Scalar One Loop Integrals (1979) (930)
- Recent Developments in Gauge Theories (1980) (891)
- Three-dimensional Einstein gravity: Dynamics of flat space (1984) (826)
- Renormalization of Massless Yang-Mills Fields (1971) (770)
- Naturalness, chiral symmetry, and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking (1979) (763)
- A property of electric and magnetic flux in non-Abelian gauge theories (1979) (762)
- Renormalizable Lagrangians for Massive Yang-Mills Fields (1971) (630)
- One loop divergencies in the theory of gravitation (1974) (626)
- Confinement of quarks (2002) (592)
- Symmetry Breaking through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies (1994) (362)
- How instantons solve the U(1) problem (1986) (360)
- Graviton dominance in ultra-high-energy scattering (1987) (346)
- An algorithm for the poles at dimension four in the dimensional regularization procedure (1973) (334)
- Combinatorics of gauge fields (1972) (330)
- Renormalizable Lagrangians for Massive Yang-mills Fields (325)
- A theory of everything? (2005) (324)
- The gravitational shock wave of a massless particle (1985) (322)
- Quantum gravity as a dissipative deterministic system (1999) (311)
- The black hole interpretation of string theory (1990) (297)
- The Cellular Automaton Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (2016) (289)
- Black hole evaporation without information loss (1994) (258)
- Quantization of point particles in (2+1)-dimensional gravity and spacetime discreteness (1996) (254)
- Computation of the quantum effects due to a four-dimensional pseudoparticle (2011) (233)
- Some twisted self-dual solutions for the Yang-Mills equations on a hypertorus (1981) (230)
- Recent Developments in Gauge Theories. Proceedings, Nato Advanced Study Institute, Cargese, France, August 26 - September 8, 1979 (1980) (218)
- Progress in Gauge Field Theory (1984) (167)
- Can we make sense out of "Quantum Chromodynamics"? (1977) (166)
- A theory of scalar mesons (2008) (163)
- Non-perturbative 2 particle scattering amplitudes in 2+1 dimensional quantum gravity (1988) (159)
- Fermion-Boson Puzzle in a Gauge Theory (1976) (147)
- THE SCATTERING MATRIX APPROACH FOR THE QUANTUM BLACK HOLE: AN OVERVIEW (1996) (146)
- Quantization of Point Particles in 2+1 Dimensional Gravity and Space-time Discreteness (1996) (143)
- PREDICTION FOR NEUTRINO--ELECTRON CROSS-SECTIONS IN WEINBERG'S MODEL OF WEAK INTERACTIONS. (1971) (142)
- The Scattering Matrix Approach for the Quantum Black Hole an Overview (1996) (121)
- The Holographic Principle (1999) (112)
- A Class of Elementary Particle Models Without Any Adjustable Real Parameters (2011) (111)
- Under the spell of the gauge principle (1994) (109)
- Determinism Beneath Quantum Mechanics (2002) (101)
- The effect of spherical shells of matter on the Schwarzschild black hole (1985) (100)
- In Search of the Ultimate Building Blocks (1996) (94)
- Local conformal symmetry: The missing symmetry component for space and time (2014) (94)
- 50 Years of Yang-Mills Theory (2005) (91)
- The mathematical basis for deterministic quantum mechanics (2006) (91)
- Quantum Gravity: A Fundamental Problem and Some Radical Ideas (1979) (87)
- Equivalence relations between deterministic and quantum mechanical systems (1988) (84)
- Quantum Mechanics and Determinism (2001) (84)
- Determinism in Free Bosons (2001) (83)
- On the free-will postulate in Quantum Mechanics (2007) (79)
- The Topological Mechanism for Permanent Quark Confinement in a Non-Abelian Gauge Theory (1982) (75)
- Causality in (2+1)-dimensional gravity (1992) (73)
- Unitarity in the Brout-Englert-Higgs Mechanism for Gravity (2007) (72)
- Quantization of Discrete Deterministic Theories by Hilbert Space Extension (1990) (71)
- Emergent quantum mechanics and emergent symmetries (2007) (69)
- Gauge Theories of the Forces between Elementary Particles (June 1980) (1980) (68)
- The Cellular Automaton Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. A View on the Quantum Nature of our Universe, Compulsory or Impossible? (2014) (64)
- Probing the small distance structure of canonical quantum gravity using the conformal group (2010) (63)
- Nonperturbative quantum field theory (1988) (63)
- Determinism and Dissipation in Quantum Gravity (2000) (62)
- The evolution of gravitating point particles in 2+1 dimensions (1993) (62)
- THE MATHEMATICAL BASIS FOR DETERMINISTIC QUANTUM MECHANICS (2007) (61)
- On the convergence of planar diagram expansions (1982) (59)
- Does God play dice (2005) (58)
- The gravitation effect of colliding planar shells of matter (1986) (58)
- Black Hole Unitarity and Antipodal Entanglement (2016) (57)
- New Symmetry Principles in Quantum Field Theory (1992) (54)
- Entangled quantum states in a local deterministic theory (2009) (51)
- Nonconvergence of the 1/N Expansion for SU(N) Gauge Fields on a Lattice (1977) (50)
- Canonical quantization of gravitating point particles in 2+1 dimensions (1993) (50)
- The Black hole horizon as a quantum surface (1991) (45)
- On the factorization of universal poles in a theory of gravitating point particles. (1988) (45)
- Quantummechanical behaviour in a deterministic model (1997) (45)
- The conceptual basis of Quantum Field Theory (2002) (42)
- Invariance under complex transformations, and its relevance to the cosmological constant problem (2006) (42)
- How Does God Play Dice? (Pre-)Determinism at the Planck Scale (2001) (41)
- Perturbative Confinement (2002) (41)
- The Conformal Constraint in Canonical Quantum Gravity (2010) (40)
- Gauge theories with unified weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions (1975) (39)
- Rigorous construction of planar diagram field theories in four-dimensional Euclidean space (1983) (39)
- Gauge Fields with Unified Weak, Electromagnetic, and Strong Interactions (1975) (37)
- Which Topological Features of a Gauge Theory Can Be Responsible for Permanent Confinement (1980) (36)
- The Quantum Black Hole as a Hydrogen Atom: Microstates Without Strings Attached (2016) (36)
- Ambiguity of the equivalence principle and Hawking's temperature (1984) (35)
- Cosmology in 2+1 dimensions (1993) (35)
- The firewall transformation for black holes and some of its implications (2016) (33)
- Magnetic Charge Quantization and Fractionally Charged Quarks (1976) (33)
- Gauge field theory (1973) (32)
- Quantum gravity without space-time singularities or horizons (2009) (32)
- Lattice regularization of gauge theories without loss of chiral symmetry. (1994) (31)
- Monopoles, Instantons and Confinement (1999) (31)
- Quantum field theoretic behavior of a deterministic cellular automaton (1992) (31)
- THE BLACK HOLE HORIZON AS A DYNAMICAL SYSTEM (2006) (31)
- Quantum fields and quantum space time (1997) (30)
- Strings from gravity (1987) (30)
- When was asymptotic freedom discovered? or The rehabilitation of quantum field theory (1999) (29)
- Classical cellular automata and quantum field theory (2010) (29)
- A physical interpretation of gravitational instantons (1989) (29)
- Nobel lecture: A confrontation with infinity (2000) (28)
- Diagonalizing the Black Hole Information Retrieval Process (2015) (28)
- Black holes and quantum mechanics (1988) (27)
- Canonical quantization of gravitating point particles in 2 + 1 dimensions (1993) (27)
- Aspects of quark confinement (1981) (26)
- Singularities, horizons, firewalls, and local conformal symmetry (2015) (26)
- How a wave function can collapse without violating Schroedinger's equation, and how to understand Born's rule (2011) (26)
- Classical N-particle cosmology in 2+1 dimensions (1993) (26)
- Breaking the Symmetry (2005) (26)
- Local conformal symmetry in black holes, standard model, and quantum gravity (2017) (25)
- The birth of asymptotic freedom (1985) (25)
- BREAKDOWN OF UNITARITY IN THE DIMENSIONAL REDUCTION SCHEME (1985) (24)
- Confinement and Topology in Nonabelian Gauge Theories (1980) (23)
- Black Hole Unitarity and Antipodal Entanglement (2016) (23)
- Duality Between a Deterministic Cellular Automaton and a Bosonic Quantum Field Theory in 1+1 Dimensions (2012) (23)
- Is asymptotic freedom enough (1982) (22)
- The glorious days of physics, Renormalization of Gauge Theories (1998) (22)
- Virtual Black Holes and Space–Time Structure (2018) (21)
- Free Will in the Theory of Everything (2019) (21)
- A chiral alternative to the vierbein field in general relativity (1991) (21)
- A Confrontation with Infinity (2008) (21)
- Obstacles on the Way Towards the Quantisation of Space, Time and Matter — and Possible Resolutions (2001) (20)
- Topological Aspects of Quantum Chromodynamics (1998) (20)
- The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of Gravity and Information (2016) (19)
- Relating the quantum mechanics of discrete systems to standard canonical quantum mechanics (2012) (19)
- Borel summability of a four-dimensional field theory (1982) (19)
- A Locally Finite Model for Gravity (2008) (19)
- Planar Diagram Field Theories (1984) (19)
- Discreteness and Determinism in Superstrings (2012) (18)
- Can Quantum Mechanics Be Reconciled with Cellular Automata? (2003) (18)
- Counting planar diagrams with various restrictions (1999) (18)
- On the quantization of space and time (1987) (18)
- Horizon Operator Approach to Black Hole Quantization (1994) (17)
- Determinism and Dissipation in Quantum Gravity, Erice lecture (2000) (17)
- A Confrontation with Infinity (2001) (16)
- GAUGE THEORIES OF THE FORCES BETWEEN ELEMENTARY PARTICLES. (GERMAN TRANSLATION) (1980) (15)
- TRANS-PLANCKIAN PARTICLES AND THE QUANTIZATION OF TIME (1999) (14)
- Physics on the boundary between classical and quantum mechanics (2014) (14)
- Gauge Theory for Strong Interactions (1977) (14)
- CAN THERE BE PHYSICS WITHOUT EXPERIMENTS? CHALLENGES AND PITFALLS (2001) (13)
- The Fate of the Quantum (2013) (13)
- Models on the boundary between classical and quantum mechanics (2015) (13)
- The creation of quantum chromodynamics and the effective energy : in honour of A. Zichichi on the occasion of the Galvani bicentenary celebrations (1998) (13)
- Comment on "negative refraction makes a perfect lens". (2001) (13)
- Quantum Mechanics from Classical Logic (2012) (13)
- How quantization of gravity leads to a discrete space-time (2016) (13)
- The self-screening Hawking Atmosphere (1997) (12)
- The Confinement Phenomenon in Quantum Field Theory (1982) (12)
- The making of the standard model (2007) (12)
- Black Holes, Hawking Radiation, and the Information Paradox, (1995) (12)
- Relating the Quantum Mechanics of Discrete Systems to Standard Canonical Quantum Mechanics (2014) (11)
- The emergence of quantum mechanics (2012) (11)
- Perturbative Quantum Gravity (2002) (11)
- Why do we need local invariance in theories with vector particles? An introduction (1980) (11)
- The Physics of instantons in the pseudoscalar and vector meson mixing (1999) (11)
- Time, the Arrow of Time, and Quantum Mechanics (2018) (11)
- A two-dimensional model with discrete general coordinate-invariance (1990) (11)
- Black holes and the dimensionality of space-time. (1995) (11)
- The Firewall Transformation for Black Holes and Some of Its Implications (2017) (11)
- The Evolution of Quantum Field Theory, From QED to Grand Unification (2015) (10)
- Explicit construction of Local Hidden Variables for any quantum theory up to any desired accuracy (2021) (10)
- Nobel lecture: A confrontation with infinity (2000) (10)
- Virtual Black Holes and Space–Time Structure (2018) (10)
- On the Foundations of Superstring Theory (2013) (10)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Frontmatter (1996) (9)
- BLACK HOLES AND THE INFORMATION PARADOX (2006) (9)
- On Peculiarities and Pit Falls in Path Integrals (2003) (9)
- Fast Vacuum Fluctuations and the Emergence of Quantum Mechanics (2020) (9)
- Renormalization of gauge theories (1997) (9)
- Renormalization and Gauge Invariance (2007) (9)
- Time, the arrow of time, and Quantum Mechanics (2018) (9)
- Quantum field theory for elementary particles. Is quantum field theory a theory (1984) (9)
- The fundamental nature of space and time (2009) (8)
- Renormalization without infinities (2003) (8)
- Models for Confinement (2007) (8)
- a Planar Diagram Theory for Strong Interactions (1993) (8)
- Extended objects in gauge field theories (1978) (8)
- Fundamental aspects of quantum theory related to the problem of quantizing black holes (1989) (7)
- Quantum Gravity and Black Holes (1986) (7)
- Some Observations on Quantum Chromodynamics (1977) (7)
- Quantum gravity on the black hole horizon (2022) (7)
- Beyond Peaceful Coexistence: The Emergence of Space, Time and Quantum (2016) (7)
- Deterministic Quantum Mechanics: The Mathematical Equations (2020) (7)
- Minimal Strings for Baryons (2004) (7)
- The self-screening Hawking atmosphere, a new approach to quantum black hole microstates (1997) (7)
- The Holographic Mapping of the Standard Model onto the Black Hole Horizon, Part I: Abelian Vector Field, Scalar Field and BEH Mechanism (2005) (7)
- Quarks and gauge fields (1974) (7)
- BLACK HOLE QUANTIZATION AND A CONNECTION TO STRING THEORY (1989) (7)
- Gravitation and elementary particle physics (1990) (7)
- The Ontology Conservation Law as an Alternative to the Many World Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (2019) (6)
- Gauge theory and renormalization (1996) (6)
- Quantum information and information loss in general relativity (1995) (6)
- On the future of quantum field theory for particle physics (1981) (6)
- Quantization of Space and Time in 3 and in 4 Space-time Dimensions (1996) (6)
- Example of a gauge field theory (1972) (6)
- Unitarity of the black hole scattering matrix. (1992) (6)
- Rigorous construction of planar diagram field theories in four dimensional Euclidean space (1983) (6)
- Reflections on the renormalization procedure for gauge theories (2016) (6)
- The Obstinate Reductionist's Point of View on the Laws of Physics (2002) (6)
- The quantum black hole as a theoretical lab, a pedagogical treatment of a new approach (2019) (5)
- Superstrings and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (2014) (5)
- A Confrontation with Infinity : Nobel Lecture in Physics 1999 (2001) (5)
- The unification of black holes with ordinary matter (1995) (5)
- Discreteness of Black Hole Microstates (2018) (5)
- Time in Powers of Ten:Natural Phenomena and Their Timescales (2014) (5)
- Gauge theories for strong interactions (1977) (5)
- Large N (2002) (5)
- Panel Discussion: The Definitive Proofs of the Existence of Black Holes (1998) (4)
- Proceedings, Colloquium on Renormalization of Yang-Mills Fields, Marseille, June 19-23, 1972 (1972) (4)
- Distinguishing causal time from Minkowski time and a model for the black hole quantum eigenstates (1997) (4)
- Confinement at Large Nc (2004) (4)
- What happens in a black hole when a particle meets its antipode (2018) (4)
- Gravitational collapse and particle physics (1987) (4)
- Questioning the answers or Stumbling upon good and bad Theories of Everything. (1995) (4)
- What is quantum mechanics (2007) (4)
- Deterministic Quantum Mechanics (2016) (4)
- Spontaneous breakdown of local conformal invariance in quantum gravity (2015) (4)
- Motivation for This Work (2016) (4)
- Towards the Standard Model (2005) (4)
- Introduction to String Theory Contents (2004) (3)
- The Self-screening Hawking Atmosphere * a New Approach to Quantum Black Hole Microstates (1997) (3)
- The Cellular Automaton (2016) (3)
- S-Matrix Theory for Black Holes (1992) (3)
- Nothing to fear from mistakes (2010) (3)
- The grand view of physics (2007) (3)
- Hamiltonian formalism for integer-valued variables and integer time steps and a possible application in quantum physics (2013) (3)
- Scattering matrix for a quantized black hole (1992) (3)
- a Two-Dimensional Model for Mesons (1993) (3)
- Imagining the Future, or How the Standard Model May Survive the Attacks (2016) (3)
- Can the Ultimate Laws of Nature be Found (1992) (3)
- Taming the forces between quarks and gluons : calorons out of the box (2013) (3)
- The Universe of the Elementary Particles (2002) (3)
- A CONFRONTATION WITH INFINITY (2000) (2)
- 103 = 1,000: 1,000 seconds = 16 minutes, 40 seconds (2014) (2)
- The creation of quantum chromodynamics (1998) (2)
- 100: 100 seconds = 1 second (2014) (2)
- Nature’s Book Keeping System (2017) (2)
- Black holes and the foundations of quantum mechanics. (1988) (2)
- On Black Hole Perturbations (2014) (2)
- The Black Hole Firewall Transformation and Realism in Quantum Mechanics (2021) (2)
- Quantum Information and Information Loss in General Relativity ‡ (1995) (2)
- Does Quantum Chromodynamics Imply Confinement (1984) (2)
- Gravitational collapse and quantum mechanics (1987) (2)
- Duality and oblique confinement (2002) (2)
- Erratum: Nobel Lecture: A confrontation with infinity [Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 333 (2000)] (2002) (2)
- Deterministic Quantum Mechanics: The Mathematical Equations (2020) (2)
- Microstates in Black Holes and the Topology of Space-Time (2019) (2)
- On the convergence of planar diagram expansions (1982) (2)
- Ontology in Quantum Mechanics (2021) (2)
- Local conformal symmetry in black holes, standard model, and quantum gravity (2017) (2)
- Non‐Abelian gauge theories and quark confinement (1978) (2)
- New physics is needed to understand black holes (2017) (2)
- Black holes and quantum mechanics. Statistical mechanics and field theory : mathematical aspects (1985) (1)
- Projecting local and global symmetries to the Planck scale (2022) (1)
- “Diagrammar” and Dimensional Renormalization (1974) (1)
- Is quantum field theory a theory (1983) (1)
- The Standard Model and Beyond (2019) (1)
- Grace, Freedom, Relation (2019) (1)
- The Big Questions in Elementary Particle Physics (2021) (1)
- Past and Future of Gauge Theory (2020) (1)
- Confinement at Large N C * (2008) (1)
- Waldmann-Snider Collision Integrals for Mixtures of Polyatomic Gases Exact and Approximate Relations (1979) (1)
- A Reconsideration of the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (2009) (1)
- Pekka Johannes Lahti—60th Birthday (2009) (1)
- Holography and Quantum Gravity (Summary) (1999) (1)
- Black holes as clues to the problem of quantizing gravity (1989) (1)
- THE HIDDEN INFORMATION IN THE STANDARD MODEL (2002) (1)
- THE GRAND VIEW OF PHYSICS (2008) (1)
- The Discovery of the Renormalizability of Non-Abelian Gauge Theories (2002) (1)
- Black Hole Microstates (2019) (1)
- Scattering at Planck Energies (1989) (1)
- Superstrings and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (2014) (1)
- Beyond relativistic quantum string theory (2014) (1)
- The Great Desert (1996) (1)
- Quantization of Space and Time in 3 and in 4 Space-time Dimensions * (1996) (1)
- The Black Hole Information Problem (2007) (1)
- Beyond Perturbation Expansion (1981) (1)
- Understanding Elementary Particles by Gauge TheoriesLecture presented at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in occasion of the award of the Pius XI Gold Medal, November 12, 1983. (1984) (1)
- Beyond Relativistic Quantum String Theory or Discreteness and Determinism in Superstrings (2014) (1)
- Physics of the 21ST Century (2005) (1)
- Invariance Under Complex Transformations and its Relevance to the Cosmological Constant Problem (2007) (1)
- More on the black hole S-matrix (1991) (1)
- Magnetic monopoles and non-abelian gauge groups (1976) (1)
- The making of the standard model. (2007) (0)
- 108 = 100 million: 108 seconds = 3.17 years (2014) (0)
- Quantum Chromodynamics (abstract only) (2000) (0)
- Unravelling nature's elementary building blocks - challenges of big science (2005) (0)
- Small Timescales: 10−44 to 10−26 seconds (2014) (0)
- 1013 = 10 trillion: 1013 seconds = 317,098 years (2014) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Supergravity (1996) (0)
- 106 = 1,000,000 = 1 million: 106 seconds = 11.57 days = 1.65 weeks (2014) (0)
- 104 = 10,000: 10,000 seconds = 2.78 hours (2014) (0)
- Quantum Mechanics, Discretization and Local Determinism (2008) (0)
- 10−12: 10−12 seconds = 1 picosecond (2014) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Attaching the superstring (1996) (0)
- Round Table Discussion at the Lorentz Workshop `Beyond the Quantum' (2007) (0)
- 10−18: 10−18 seconds = 1 attosecond (2014) (0)
- Quantum black holes (1987) (0)
- Gravity and the Quantum: the World may not be what it seems (2010) (0)
- Models in Two Space–Time Dimensions Without Interactions (2016) (0)
- 10−19: 10−19 seconds = 100 zeptoseconds (2014) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Eleven-dimensional space-time (1996) (0)
- The Dark Eternities: 1032 seconds: to infinity and beyond (2014) (0)
- 10−25: 10−25 seconds (2014) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: The crazy kaons (1996) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Superconducting empty space: the Higgs-Kibble machine (1996) (0)
- 1011 = 100 billion: 1011 seconds = 3,171 years (2014) (0)
- Theories that do not yet exist (1996) (0)
- 10−14: 10−14 seconds = 10 femtoseconds (2014) (0)
- 10−1: 10−1 seconds = 100 milliseconds = 0.1 seconds (2014) (0)
- How well do we understand quantum chromodynamics? status report of a theory (1982) (0)
- 10−7: 10−7 seconds = 100 nanoseconds (2014) (0)
- 10−17: 10−17 seconds = 10 attoseconds (2014) (0)
- 1012 = 1 trillion: 1012 seconds = 31,710 years (2014) (0)
- Topological Aspects of Quantum Chromodynamics (Erice lecture notes) (1998) (0)
- From electrical engineering via magnetical and coloral engineering to gravitational engineering (1999) (0)
- Deterministic Models in Quantum Notation (2016) (0)
- 10−5: 10−5 seconds = 10 microseconds (2014) (0)
- Quantum Information on the Black Hole Horizon (1998) (0)
- 102 = 100: 100 seconds = 1 minute, 40 seconds (2014) (0)
- 10−20: 10−20 seconds = 10 zeptoseconds (2014) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Weighing neutrinos (1996) (0)
- Conclusions of Part II (2016) (0)
- The Continuum Limit of Cogwheels, Harmonic Rotators and Oscillators (2016) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Fields or bootstraps? (1996) (0)
- Interpreting Quantum Mechanics (2016) (0)
- III Quantum Gravity and Hawking's Radiation(WORKSHOP ON QUANTUM FIELD THEORIES) (1983) (0)
- Alleys to Be Further Investigated and Open Questions (2016) (0)
- 10−16: 10−16 seconds = 100 attoseconds (2014) (0)
- Can one reconcile the physics of black holes with the laws of quantum mechanics (1996) (0)
- Borel Summability of a Four-Dimensional Field Theory (1993) (0)
- 10−24: 10−24 seconds = 1 yoctosecond (2014) (0)
- 10−22: 10−22 seconds = 100 yoctoseconds (2014) (0)
- 106.41 = 2,592,000: 106.41 seconds = 30 days ≈ 1 month (2014) (0)
- 1015 = 1 quadrillion: 1015 seconds = 31.7 million years (2014) (0)
- 10−8: 10−8 seconds = 10 nanoseconds (2014) (0)
- 10−13: 10−13 seconds = 100 femtoseconds (2014) (0)
- Complexity in quantum gravity (1997) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Into the black hole (1996) (0)
- \(\mathit{PQ}\) Theory (2016) (0)
- The key problem in reconciling the gravitational force with quantum mechanics is the question what the physical degrees of freedom are (1997) (0)
- The key problem in reconciling the gravitational force with quantum mechanics is the question what the physical degrees of freedom are (1997) (0)
- Classical Cellular Automata and Quantum Field Theory (2011) (0)
- The Topological Mechanism for Permanent Quark Confinement in Quantum Chromodynamics (1980) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Gypsy (1996) (0)
- HOW WELL DO WE UNDERSTAND QCD? STATUS REPORT OF A THEORY (1981) (0)
- 10−2: 10−2 seconds = 10 milliseconds = 0.01 seconds (2014) (0)
- 10−21: 10−21 seconds = 1 zeptosecond (2014) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Grand unification (1996) (0)
- Black Holes and Quantum Mechanics (1985) (0)
- 107 = 10 million: 107 seconds = 115.74 days = 3.86 months (2014) (0)
- 101 = 10: 10 seconds (2014) (0)
- On the Brout–Englert–Higgs–Guralnik–Hagen–Kibble Mechanism in Quantum Gravity (2018) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: The magnetic monopole (1996) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Foreword: an apology (1996) (0)
- 1016 = 10 quadrillion: 1016 seconds = 317 million years (2014) (0)
- The quantum black hole (1997) (0)
- 100 = 1: 1 second (2014) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Glossary (1996) (0)
- Does quantum chromodynamics imply confinement? Dedicated to Feza Gürsey's 60th birthday (1981) (1981) (0)
- 10−4: 10−4 seconds = 100 microseconds = 0.0001 seconds (2014) (0)
- 1010 = 10 billion: 1010 seconds = 317 years (2014) (0)
- 10−15: 10−15 seconds = 1 femtosecond (2014) (0)
- The Problem of Quantum Locality (2016) (0)
- The Large Timescales: 1018 = 1 quintillion1018 seconds = 31.7 billion years (2014) (0)
- 10−3: 10−3 seconds = 1 millisecond = 0.001 seconds (2014) (0)
- Quantum Field Theory (2016) (0)
- 109 = 1 billion: 109 seconds = 31.7 years (2014) (0)
- Concise Description of the CA Interpretation (2016) (0)
- 10−9: 10−9 seconds = 1 nanosecond (2014) (0)
- Nature's geometric uniqueness (2002) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: The beginning of the journey to the small: cutting paper (1996) (0)
- 1017 = 100 quadrillion: 1017 seconds = 3.17 billion years (2014) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Models (1996) (0)
- FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS OF QUANTUM THEORY REALATED TO THE OF QUANTUM QUNTIZING BLACK HOLES (1991) (0)
- An unorthodox view on quantum mechanics (2021) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Dominance of the rule of the smallest (1996) (0)
- The Negative β Function:. from the Standard Model to Quantum Gravity (2013) (0)
- Anomalies and Topologies in Quantum Field Theories (2020) (0)
- 10−6: 10−6 seconds = 1 microsecond (2014) (0)
- More on Cogwheels (2016) (0)
- Information and information loss in quantum gravity (1997) (0)
- 10−11: 10−11 seconds = 10 picoseconds (2014) (0)
- 105 = 100,000: 105 seconds = 1.16 days = 27.78 hours (2014) (0)
- The Pursuit of Quantum Gravity (2012) (0)
- Meccano Math (2009) (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Deceptive perfection (1996) (0)
- Determinism beneath Quantum Mechanics 1 (2008) (0)
- Hindsight and the history of the nucleus (1997) (0)
- 10−23: 10−23 seconds = 10 yoctoseconds (2014) (0)
- Canonical Methods in Deterministic Quantum Mechanics (2017) (0)
- The Discretized Hamiltonian Formalism in $\mathit{}$ Theory (2016) (0)
- 1014 = 100 trillion: 1014 seconds = 3.17 million years (2014) (0)
- 10−10: 10−10 seconds = 100 picoseconds (2014) (0)
- General Relativity : In Acknowledgement (2016) (0)
- The elementary particle zoo before 1970 (1996) (0)
- The Yang-Mills bonanza (1996) (0)
- Rigorous Construction of Planar Diagram Field Theories in Four Dimensional Euclidean Space (1993) (0)
- DETAILED REFERENCES OF THE PAPERS QUOTED BY G. 't HOOFT CONCERNING THE EXPERIMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE QUARK CONFINEMENT AND TO THE U(1) ANOMALY BY A. ZICHICHI AND COLLABORATORS (2001) (0)
- Quantum gravity as a gauge field theory (1974) (0)
- QUANTIZING GAUGE FIELD THEORIES (2005) (0)
- The Unique Beauty of the Subatomic Landscape (2012) (0)
- Gauge field theory and permanent quark confinement (1982) (0)
- Prospects for the theory of everything (1991) (0)
- Quantum Field Theory with Boundary Conditions at the Horizons (2021) (0)
- Gerard 't Hooft (2006) (0)
- Confrontation with Experiment (2005) (0)
- hep-th/0207179 PERTURBATIVE CONFINEMENT 1 (2008) (0)
- GHOSTS FOR PHYSICISTS (2005) (0)
- Black holes and elementary particle physics (2008) (0)
- Gauge theory and renormalization (Erice, August 1994) (1994) (0)
- Playing With Planets (2008) (0)
- UNIVERSAL BOUND STATES AT THE PLANCK LENGTH (1987) (0)
- The giant leap to the Planck length (1993) (0)
- LECTURES ON QUARK CONFINEMENT: ABSTRACTS AND REFERENCES (1993) (0)
- Nuclear Physics B254 (1985) 11-18 '© North-Holland Publishing Company THE BIRTH OF ASYMPTOTIC FREEDOM (2002) (0)
- A Confrontation with Infinity : preceeded by an autobiography (2000) (0)
- Gauge theories (2008) (0)
- Book-Review - the Physical Effects in the Gravitational Field of Black-Holes (1987) (0)
- FIXING THE GAUGE CONDITION NON-PERTURBATIVELY (2005) (0)
- The invisible quarks (1996) (0)
- ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AS BLACK HOLES (2006) (0)
- 'DIAGRAMMAR' and dimensional renormalization : Quantum gravity as a gauge field theory (1973) (0)
- The Universe, a Personal View on Exploring the Boundaries, or: The Science of the Extremes (2017) (0)
- Book reviews (1984) (0)
- Quark Confinement and Strings (2005) (0)
- THU-93/10 CANONICAL QUANTIZATION OF GRAVITATING POINT PARTICLES IN 2+1 DIMENSIONS (0)
- Towards a Theory for the Quantum Mechanics of Gravitational Collapse (1986) (0)
- A Malleable Earth (2008) (0)
- The Limits of Our Imagination in Elementary Particle Theory (1999) (0)
- Renormalization and Gauge Invariance(YUKAWA-TOMONAGA CENTENNIAL SYMPOSIUM Progress in Modern Physics) (2008) (0)
- Theorizing in physics (1986) (0)
- SUPERSYMMETRY AND SUPERGRAVITY (2005) (0)
- Book reviews (1976) (0)
- Nuclear Physics B105 (1976) 538-547 © North-Holiand Publishing Company MAGNETIC CHARGE QUANTIZATION AND FRACTIONALLY CHARGED QUARKS (2002) (0)
- Models for Confinement(The Jubilee of the Sakata Model) (2007) (0)
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 — Opening Lecture: Remembering Sidney Coleman (2011) (0)
- II Convergence of Planar Diagram Expansions(WORKSHOP ON QUANTUM FIELD THEORIES) (1983) (0)
- DETAILED REFERENCES OF ALL PAPERS ON THE EFFECTIVE ENERGY AND THE UNIVERSALITY FEATURES (2001) (0)
- Coloring in the strong forces (1996) (0)
- Probing the small distance structure of canonical (2010) (0)
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 -- Lecture II:. Some Effects of Instantons in QCD (2011) (0)
- To molecules and atoms (1996) (0)
- The magical mystery of the quanta (1996) (0)
- A tribute to G. 't Hooft and M. Veltman, the 1999 Nobel laureates in physics (1999) (0)
- FERMIONS ON THE LATTICE (2005) (0)
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 (2009) (0)
- The brilliance of the Standard Model (1996) (0)
- The renormalization procedure for Yang Mills fields (1972) (0)
- THE STRING IN AN EXCITED BARYON (2008) (0)
- The Renormalization Group (1994) (0)
- Life and death (1996) (0)
- The Construction of a High-Energy Collider (2017) (0)
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 -- Lecture III:. Crystalline Gravity (2011) (0)
- Book reviews (1978) (0)
- On the Brout–Englert–Higgs–Guralnik–Hagen–Kibble Mechanism in Quantum Gravity (2018) (0)
- Light bent by magnets (1996) (0)
- Confusions Regarding Quantum Mechanics (2020) (0)
- Phenomenology, Freedom, Causality, and the Origin of Western Civilization (2019) (0)
- Nothing to fear from mistakes. (2010) (0)
- Strings from Gravity Strings from Gravity (1986) (0)
- Book reviews (1989) (0)
- The Universe, a Personal View on Exploring the Boundaries, or: The Science of the Extremes (2019) (0)
- The Pursuit of Quantum Gravity (2012) (0)
- Constructing deterministic models for quantum mechanical systems (2020) (0)

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