#2549 Overall Influence

Dutch theoretical physicist

Gerard ’t Hooft is a Dutch theoretical physicist and currently Professor of Physics at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. Hooft showed mathematical prowess early in his life, earning a silver medal in the second Dutch Math Olympiad. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Physics from Utrecht University in the Netherlands and his Ph.D. in Physics from Utrecht, working on elementary particles in theoretical physics.

Hooft’s work focuses on black holes, quantum gravity, and other fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. He has done important work on holographic theory, for instance, a view inspired by string theory and thought to be a component of a theory of quantum gravity. Hooft became the editor-in-chief of Foundations for Physics in 2007. He won the Wolf Prize in 1981 and in 1999 Hooft shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with his thesis advisor Veltman for work on the electroweak interactions in physics.

**Featured in Top Influential Physicists Today**

Gerardus 't Hooft is a Dutch theoretical physicist and professor at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics with his thesis advisor Martinus J. G. Veltman "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions".

Source: Wikipedia- On the quantum structure of a black hole
- The gravitational shock wave of a massless particle
- Quantum gravity as a dissipative deterministic system
- The effect of spherical shells of matter on the Schwarzschild black hole
- The Cellular Automaton Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
- Quantization of discrete deterministic theories by Hilbert space extension
- On the convergence of planar diagram expansions
- Local conformal symmetry: The missing symmetry component for space and time
- Perturbative confinement
- Rigorous construction of planar diagram field theories in four dimensional Euclidean space
- A mathematical theory for deterministic quantum mechanics
- Invariance under complex transformations and its relevance to the cosmological constant problem
- Black Hole Unitarity and Antipodal Entanglement
- Nobel Lecture: A confrontation with infinity
- Breakdown of unitarity in the dimensional reduction scheme
- THE BLACK HOLE HORIZON AS A DYNAMICAL SYSTEM
- 50 Years of Yang-Mills Theory
- When was asymptotic freedom discovered? or The rehabilitation of quantum field theory
- Emergent Quantum Mechanics and Emergent Symmetries
- Borel summability of a four-dimensional field theory
- In Search of the Ultimate Building Blocks
- The self-screening Hawking atmosphere — a different approach to quantum black hole microstates
- CLASSICAL CELLULAR AUTOMATA AND QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
- The Firewall Transformation for Black Holes and Some of Its Implications
- Determinism and Dissipation in Quantum Gravity
- Confinement of quarks
- Obstacles on the Way Towards the Quantisation of Space, Time and Matter — and Possible Resolutions
- Local conformal symmetry in black holes, standard model, and quantum gravity
- The Holographic Principle
- The making of the standard model
- Virtual Black Holes and Space–Time Structure
- Physics on the boundary between classical and quantum mechanics
- Counting planar diagrams with various restrictions
- Models on the boundary between classical and quantum mechanics
- Renormalization and Gauge Invariance
- Models for Confinement
- RENORMALIZATION WITHOUT INFINITIES
- Time, the Arrow of Time, and Quantum Mechanics
- How Does God Play Dice? (Pre-)Determinism at the Planck Scale
- Editorial note
- Trans-Planckian particles and the quantization of time
- CAN THERE BE PHYSICS WITHOUT EXPERIMENTS? CHALLENGES AND PITFALLS
- Motivation for This Work
- Does God play dice?
- Relating the Quantum Mechanics of Discrete Systems to Standard Canonical Quantum Mechanics
- Quantum Gravity without Space-time Singularities or Horizons
- The holographic mapping of the standard model onto the black hole horizon: I. Abelian vector field, scalar field and BEH mechanism
- Planar Diagram Field Theories
- Quantum Mechanics from Classical Logic
- Determinism Beneath Quantum Mechanics
- On peculiarities and pit falls in path integrals
- The Cellular Automaton
- Deterministic Quantum Mechanics
- Time in Powers of Ten
- Renormalization of Gauge Theories
- Perturbative QUANTUM GRAVITY
- CRYSTALLINE GRAVITY
- Deterministic Quantum Mechanics: The Mathematical Equations
- Reflections on the renormalization procedure for gauge theories
- How quantization of gravity leads to a discrete space-time
- Editorial
- Superstrings and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
- LARGE N
- Fast Vacuum Fluctuations and the Emergence of Quantum Mechanics
- Determinism and Free Will
- Imagining the future, or how the Standard Model may survive the attacks
- Spontaneous breakdown of local conformal invariance in quantum gravity
- Beyond relativistic quantum string theory
- Taming the Forces Between Quarks and Gluons — Calorons Out of The Box
- The emergence of quantum mechanics
- Panel Discussion: The Definitive Proofs of the Existence of Black Holes
- CLASSICAL CELLULAR AUTOMATA AND QUANTUM FIELD THEORY
- THE DISCOVERY OF THE RENORMALIZABILITY OF NON-ABELIAN GAUGE THEORIES
- Pekka Johannes Lahti—60th Birthday
- THE GRAND VIEW OF PHYSICS
- THE BLACK HOLE INFORMATION PROBLEM
- Horizons
- Confusions Regarding Quantum Mechanics
- Past and Future of Gauge Theory
- Anomalies and Topologies in Quantum Field Theories
- Constructing deterministic models for quantum mechanical systems
- Microstates in Black Holes and the Topology of Space-Time
- The Universe, a Personal View on Exploring the Boundaries, or: The Science of the Extremes
- The Standard Model and Beyond
- Grace, Freedom, Relation
- Phenomenology, Freedom, Causality, and the Origin of Western Civilization
- Introduction
- Free Will in the Theory of Everything
- On the Brout–Englert–Higgs–Guralnik–Hagen–Kibble Mechanism in Quantum Gravity
- Local conformal symmetry in black holes, standard model, and quantum gravity
- The Construction of a High-Energy Collider
- The Universe, a Personal View on Exploring the Boundaries, or: The Science of the Extremes
- Imagining the Future, or How the Standard Model May Survive the Attacks
- Nature’s Book Keeping System
- Interpreting Quantum Mechanics
- More on Cogwheels
- Concise Description of the CA Interpretation
- Conclusions of Part II
- Models in Two Space–Time Dimensions Without Interactions
- The Continuum Limit of Cogwheels, Harmonic Rotators and Oscillators
- Quantum Gravity
- Information Loss
- Quantum Field Theory
- Fermions
- Symmetries
- Introduction to Part II
- Deterministic Models in Quantum Notation
- More Problems
- Alleys to Be Further Investigated and Open Questions
- The Discretized Hamiltonian Formalism in PQ $\mathit{PQ}$ Theory
- Locality
- PQ $\mathit{PQ}$ Theory
- The Problem of Quantum Locality
- Conclusions
- Beyond Relativistic Quantum String Theory or Discreteness and Determinism in Superstrings
- CAN THERE BE PHYSICS WITHOUT EXPERIMENTS? CHALLENGES AND PITFALLS
- The Negative β Function: from the Standard Model to Quantum Gravity
- Probing the small distance structure of canonical quantum gravity using the conformal group
- The Unique Beauty of the Subatomic Landscape
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 — Opening Lecture: Remembering Sidney Coleman
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 — Lecture II: Some Effects of Instantons in QCD
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 — Lecture III: Crystalline Gravity
- Playing with Planets
- The Pursuit of Quantum Gravity
- BOREL SUMMABILITY OF A FOUR-DIMENSIONAL FIELD THEORY
- Rigorous Construction of Planar Diagram Field Theories in Four Dimensional Euclidean Space
- Quantum Information on the Black Hole Horizon
- Nothing to fear from mistakes
- Can there be Physics without Experiments?: Challenges and Pitfalls
- RENORMALIZATION
- THE CREATION OF QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS
- A CONFRONTATION WITH INFINITY
- THE HIDDEN INFORMATION IN THE STANDARD MODEL
- THE GRAND VIEW OF PHYSICS
- CONCLUDING REMARKS
- THE STRING IN AN EXCITED BARYON
- THE HIDDEN INFORMATION IN THE STANDARD MODEL
- In Search of the Ultimate Building Blocks
- Editorial
- BLACK HOLES AND THE INFORMATION PARADOX
- INVARIANCE UNDER COMPLEX TRANSFORMATIONS AND ITS RELEVANCE TO THE COSMOLOGICAL CONSTANT PROBLEM
- CONFINEMENT AT LARGE NC
- RENORMALIZATION WITHOUT INFINITIES
- What is quantum mechanics?
- Editorial
- Gerard 't Hooft
- Conclusion Talk
- Foreword
- In Search of the Ultimate Building Blocks
- A CONFRONTATION WITH INFINITY
- Erratum: Nobel Lecture: A confrontation with infinity [Rev. Mod. Phys.72, 333 (2000)]

Utrecht University

University in the Netherlands

Leiden University

University in Leiden, Netherlands

#114 World Rank

Physics

#9109 World Rank

Education

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