#1,967

Most Influential Person

Dutch theoretical physicist

Gerard ’t Hooft is a Dutch theoretical physicist and currently Professor of Physics at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. Hooft showed mathematical prowess early in his life, earning a silver medal in the second Dutch Math Olympiad. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Physics from Utrecht University in the Netherlands and his Ph.D. in Physics from Utrecht, working on elementary particles in theoretical physics.

Hooft’s work focuses on black holes, quantum gravity, and other fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. He has done important work on holographic theory, for instance, a view inspired by string theory and thought to be a component of a theory of quantum gravity. Hooft became the editor-in-chief of Foundations for Physics in 2007. He won the Wolf Prize in 1981 and in 1999 Hooft shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with his thesis advisor Veltman for work on the electroweak interactions in physics.

**Featured in Top Influential Physicists Today**

According to Wikipedia, Gerardus 't Hooft is a Dutch theoretical physicist and professor at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics with his thesis advisor Martinus J. G. Veltman "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions".

- A Planar Diagram Theory for Strong Interactions (3389)
- Regularization and Renormalization of Gauge Fields (2939)
- Magnetic monopoles in unified gauge theories (2148)
- Symmetry Breaking Through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies (1633)
- Computation of the quantum effects due to a four-dimensional pseudoparticle (1383)
- Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Gravity (1331)
- A two-dimensional model for mesons (1126)
- On the Phase Transition Towards Permanent Quark Confinement (1026)
- On the Quantum Structure of a Black Hole (918)
- Topology of the gauge condition and new confinement phases in non-abelian gauge theories (917)
- Scalar One Loop Integrals (902)
- Dimensional regularization and the renormalization group (901)
- Recent Developments in Gauge Theories (890)
- Three-dimensional Einstein gravity: Dynamics of flat space (814)
- A property of electric and magnetic flux in non-Abelian gauge theories (746)
- Renormalization of Massless Yang-Mills Fields (712)
- Naturalness, chiral symmetry, and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking (706)
- Renormalizable Lagrangians for Massive Yang-Mills Fields (604)
- One loop divergencies in the theory of gravitation (584)
- Confinement of quarks (545)
- Symmetry Breaking through Bell-Jackiw Anomalies (391)
- An algorithm for the poles at dimension four in the dimensional regularization procedure (330)
- Graviton dominance in ultra-high-energy scattering (329)
- How instantons solve the U(1) problem (317)
- The gravitational shock wave of a massless particle (310)
- Combinatorics of gauge fields (306)
- Quantum gravity as a dissipative deterministic system (305)
- A theory of everything? (304)
- The black hole interpretation of string theory (294)
- Renormalizable Lagrangians for Massive Yang-mills Fields (286)
- Quantization of point particles in (2+1)-dimensional gravity and spacetime discreteness (248)
- The Cellular Automaton Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (235)
- Black hole evaporation without information loss (235)
- Some twisted self-dual solutions for the Yang-Mills equations on a hypertorus (227)
- Recent Developments in Gauge Theories. Proceedings, Nato Advanced Study Institute, Cargese, France, August 26 - September 8, 1979 (206)
- Computation of the quantum effects due to a four-dimensional pseudoparticle (185)
- Progress in Gauge Field Theory (167)
- Non-perturbative 2 particle scattering amplitudes in 2+1 dimensional quantum gravity (158)
- Can we make sense out of "Quantum Chromodynamics"? (149)
- Fermion-Boson Puzzle in a Gauge Theory (145)
- A theory of scalar mesons (135)
- Quantization of Point Particles in 2+1 Dimensional Gravity and Space-time Discreteness (133)
- THE SCATTERING MATRIX APPROACH FOR THE QUANTUM BLACK HOLE: AN OVERVIEW (132)
- The Scattering Matrix Approach for the Quantum Black Hole an Overview (127)
- PREDICTION FOR NEUTRINO--ELECTRON CROSS-SECTIONS IN WEINBERG'S MODEL OF WEAK INTERACTIONS. (119)
- The Holographic Principle (112)
- Under the spell of the gauge principle (107)
- A Class of Elementary Particle Models Without Any Adjustable Real Parameters (106)
- Determinism Beneath Quantum Mechanics (100)
- The effect of spherical shells of matter on the Schwarzschild black hole (96)
- In Search of the Ultimate Building Blocks (95)
- Local conformal symmetry: The missing symmetry component for space and time (91)
- The mathematical basis for deterministic quantum mechanics (88)
- 50 Years of Yang-Mills Theory (87)
- Quantum Gravity: A Fundamental Problem and Some Radical Ideas (85)
- Quantum Mechanics and Determinism (84)
- Equivalence relations between deterministic and quantum mechanical systems (83)
- Determinism in Free Bosons (83)
- On the free-will postulate in Quantum Mechanics (76)
- The Topological Mechanism for Permanent Quark Confinement in a Non-Abelian Gauge Theory (74)
- Causality in (2+1)-dimensional gravity (73)
- Unitarity in the Brout-Englert-Higgs Mechanism for Gravity (72)
- Quantization of Discrete Deterministic Theories by Hilbert Space Extension (70)
- Gauge Theories of the Forces between Elementary Particles (June 1980) (66)
- Emergent quantum mechanics and emergent symmetries (63)
- The Cellular Automaton Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. A View on the Quantum Nature of our Universe, Compulsory or Impossible? (62)
- Nonperturbative quantum field theory (62)
- Determinism and Dissipation in Quantum Gravity (62)
- The evolution of gravitating point particles in 2+1 dimensions (62)
- Probing the small distance structure of canonical quantum gravity using the conformal group (61)
- THE MATHEMATICAL BASIS FOR DETERMINISTIC QUANTUM MECHANICS (61)
- On the convergence of planar diagram expansions (59)
- The gravitation effect of colliding planar shells of matter (57)
- Does God play dice (56)
- New Symmetry Principles in Quantum Field Theory (53)
- Black Hole Unitarity and Antipodal Entanglement (53)
- Entangled quantum states in a local deterministic theory (50)
- Nonconvergence of the 1/N Expansion for SU(N) Gauge Fields on a Lattice (50)
- Canonical quantization of gravitating point particles in 2+1 dimensions (45)
- On the factorization of universal poles in a theory of gravitating point particles. (44)
- Quantummechanical behaviour in a deterministic model (44)
- The Black hole horizon as a quantum surface (43)
- Invariance under complex transformations, and its relevance to the cosmological constant problem (42)
- The conceptual basis of Quantum Field Theory (41)
- Perturbative Confinement (40)
- Gauge theories with unified weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions (40)
- How Does God Play Dice? (Pre-)Determinism at the Planck Scale (40)
- Rigorous construction of planar diagram field theories in four-dimensional Euclidean space (39)
- The Conformal Constraint in Canonical Quantum Gravity (39)
- Gauge Fields with Unified Weak, Electromagnetic, and Strong Interactions (37)
- Ambiguity of the equivalence principle and Hawking's temperature (34)
- Cosmology in 2+1 dimensions (34)
- The Quantum Black Hole as a Hydrogen Atom: Microstates Without Strings Attached (34)
- Gauge field theory (33)
- Magnetic Charge Quantization and Fractionally Charged Quarks (33)
- Monopoles, Instantons and Confinement (33)
- Quantum field theoretic behavior of a deterministic cellular automaton (31)
- The firewall transformation for black holes and some of its implications (31)
- Quantum gravity without space-time singularities or horizons (31)
- THE BLACK HOLE HORIZON AS A DYNAMICAL SYSTEM (31)
- Lattice regularization of gauge theories without loss of chiral symmetry. (31)
- Strings from gravity (30)
- Which Topological Features of a Gauge Theory Can Be Responsible for Permanent Confinement (30)
- Quantum fields and quantum space time (30)
- Canonical quantization of gravitating point particles in 2 + 1 dimensions (29)
- When was asymptotic freedom discovered? or The rehabilitation of quantum field theory (28)
- A physical interpretation of gravitational instantons (28)
- Classical cellular automata and quantum field theory (28)
- Nobel lecture: A confrontation with infinity (28)
- Diagonalizing the Black Hole Information Retrieval Process (26)
- Classical N-particle cosmology in 2+1 dimensions (26)
- The birth of asymptotic freedom (25)
- BREAKDOWN OF UNITARITY IN THE DIMENSIONAL REDUCTION SCHEME (25)
- How a wave function can collapse without violating Schroedinger's equation, and how to understand Born's rule (25)
- Breaking the Symmetry (25)
- Duality Between a Deterministic Cellular Automaton and a Bosonic Quantum Field Theory in 1+1 Dimensions (23)
- The glorious days of physics, Renormalization of Gauge Theories (23)
- Is asymptotic freedom enough (22)
- Aspects of quark confinement (22)
- Singularities, horizons, firewalls, and local conformal symmetry (22)
- A chiral alternative to the vierbein field in general relativity (21)
- A Confrontation with Infinity (21)
- Local conformal symmetry in black holes, standard model, and quantum gravity (21)
- Confinement and Topology in Nonabelian Gauge Theories (21)
- Topological Aspects of Quantum Chromodynamics (20)
- Obstacles on the Way Towards the Quantisation of Space, Time and Matter — and Possible Resolutions (20)
- Virtual Black Holes and Space–Time Structure (19)
- Relating the quantum mechanics of discrete systems to standard canonical quantum mechanics (19)
- A Locally Finite Model for Gravity (19)
- Borel summability of a four-dimensional field theory (19)
- On the quantization of space and time (18)
- Can Quantum Mechanics Be Reconciled with Cellular Automata? (18)
- Discreteness and Determinism in Superstrings (18)
- Planar Diagram Field Theories (18)
- Counting planar diagrams with various restrictions (18)
- The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of Gravity and Information (18)
- Determinism and Dissipation in Quantum Gravity, Erice lecture (17)
- Free Will in the Theory of Everything (17)
- Horizon Operator Approach to Black Hole Quantization (17)
- Black holes and quantum mechanics (17)
- A Confrontation with Infinity (16)
- GAUGE THEORIES OF THE FORCES BETWEEN ELEMENTARY PARTICLES. (GERMAN TRANSLATION) (15)
- Gauge Theory for Strong Interactions (14)
- TRANS-PLANCKIAN PARTICLES AND THE QUANTIZATION OF TIME (14)
- Comment on "negative refraction makes a perfect lens". (14)
- Models on the boundary between classical and quantum mechanics (13)
- Quantum Mechanics from Classical Logic (13)
- The Fate of the Quantum (13)
- How quantization of gravity leads to a discrete space-time (13)
- Physics on the boundary between classical and quantum mechanics (13)
- Black Holes, Hawking Radiation, and the Information Paradox, (12)
- CAN THERE BE PHYSICS WITHOUT EXPERIMENTS? CHALLENGES AND PITFALLS (12)
- The making of the standard model (12)
- The Confinement Phenomenon in Quantum Field Theory (12)
- The self-screening Hawking Atmosphere (12)
- The creation of quantum chromodynamics and the effective energy : in honour of A. Zichichi on the occasion of the Galvani bicentenary celebrations (12)
- The Physics of instantons in the pseudoscalar and vector meson mixing (11)
- A two-dimensional model with discrete general coordinate-invariance (11)
- The emergence of quantum mechanics (11)
- Black holes and the dimensionality of space-time. (11)
- Why do we need local invariance in theories with vector particles? An introduction (10)
- Time, the Arrow of Time, and Quantum Mechanics (10)
- BLACK HOLES AND THE INFORMATION PARADOX (10)
- The fundamental nature of space and time (9)
- Perturbative Quantum Gravity (9)
- On Peculiarities and Pit Falls in Path Integrals (9)
- On the Foundations of Superstring Theory (9)
- The Evolution of Quantum Field Theory, From QED to Grand Unification (9)
- Quantum field theory for elementary particles. Is quantum field theory a theory (9)
- Nobel lecture: A confrontation with infinity (9)
- Renormalization and Gauge Invariance (9)
- Renormalization of gauge theories (9)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Frontmatter (9)
- Extended objects in gauge field theories (8)
- Relating the Quantum Mechanics of Discrete Systems to Standard Canonical Quantum Mechanics (8)
- Models for Confinement (8)
- Minimal Strings for Baryons (8)
- The Holographic Mapping of the Standard Model onto the Black Hole Horizon, Part I: Abelian Vector Field, Scalar Field and BEH Mechanism (7)
- Fundamental aspects of quantum theory related to the problem of quantizing black holes (7)
- Some Observations on Quantum Chromodynamics (7)
- BLACK HOLE QUANTIZATION AND A CONNECTION TO STRING THEORY (7)
- Quarks and gauge fields (7)
- Renormalization without infinities (7)
- Quantum Gravity and Black Holes (7)
- The self-screening Hawking atmosphere, a new approach to quantum black hole microstates (7)
- Gravitation and elementary particle physics (7)
- Rigorous construction of planar diagram field theories in four dimensional Euclidean space (6)
- Unitarity of the black hole scattering matrix. (6)
- Quantization of Space and Time in 3 and in 4 Space-time Dimensions (6)
- The Ontology Conservation Law as an Alternative to the Many World Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (6)
- a Planar Diagram Theory for Strong Interactions (6)
- A Confrontation with Infinity : Nobel Lecture in Physics 1999 (6)
- Example of a gauge field theory (6)
- The Obstinate Reductionist's Point of View on the Laws of Physics (6)
- On the future of quantum field theory for particle physics (6)
- Reflections on the renormalization procedure for gauge theories (6)
- Quantum information and information loss in general relativity (6)
- Deterministic Quantum Mechanics: the Mathematical Equations (5)
- Gauge theory and renormalization (5)
- Beyond Peaceful Coexistence: The Emergence of Space, Time and Quantum (5)
- Superstrings and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (5)
- The unification of black holes with ordinary matter (5)
- Gauge theories for strong interactions (5)
- Quantum gravity on the black hole horizon (5)
- Explicit construction of Local Hidden Variables for any quantum theory up to any desired accuracy (5)
- Time, the arrow of time, and Quantum Mechanics (4)
- Confinement at Large Nc (4)
- Proceedings, Colloquium on Renormalization of Yang-Mills Fields, Marseille, June 19-23, 1972 (4)
- Distinguishing causal time from Minkowski time and a model for the black hole quantum eigenstates (4)
- Panel Discussion: The Definitive Proofs of the Existence of Black Holes (4)
- Towards the Standard Model (4)
- Gravitational collapse and particle physics (4)
- What is quantum mechanics (4)
- Discreteness of Black Hole Microstates (4)
- Questioning the answers or Stumbling upon good and bad Theories of Everything. (4)
- The Cellular Automaton (4)
- Motivation for This Work (4)
- Can the Ultimate Laws of Nature be Found (4)
- Spontaneous breakdown of local conformal invariance in quantum gravity (4)
- Fast Vacuum Fluctuations and the Emergence of Quantum Mechanics (4)
- a Two-Dimensional Model for Mesons (3)
- The grand view of physics (3)
- Imagining the Future, or How the Standard Model May Survive the Attacks (3)
- What happens in a black hole when a particle meets its antipode (3)
- The Self-screening Hawking Atmosphere * a New Approach to Quantum Black Hole Microstates (3)
- The Universe of the Elementary Particles (3)
- The quantum black hole as a theoretical lab, a pedagogical treatment of a new approach (3)
- Introduction to String Theory Contents (3)
- Scattering matrix for a quantized black hole (3)
- Taming the forces between quarks and gluons : calorons out of the box (3)
- Time in Powers of Ten:Natural Phenomena and Their Timescales (3)
- Nothing to fear from mistakes (3)
- Hamiltonian formalism for integer-valued variables and integer time steps and a possible application in quantum physics (3)
- S-Matrix Theory for Black Holes (3)
- Duality and oblique confinement (2)
- The Firewall Transformation for Black Holes and Some of Its Implications (2)
- Does Quantum Chromodynamics Imply Confinement (2)
- 100: 100 seconds = 1 second (2)
- Non‐Abelian gauge theories and quark confinement (2)
- Erratum: Nobel Lecture: A confrontation with infinity [Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 333 (2000)] (2)
- New physics is needed to understand black holes (2)
- Deterministic Quantum Mechanics (2)
- Gravitational collapse and quantum mechanics (2)
- Black holes and the foundations of quantum mechanics. (2)
- Nature’s Book Keeping System (2)
- A CONFRONTATION WITH INFINITY (2)
- The creation of quantum chromodynamics (2)
- Local conformal symmetry in black holes, standard model, and quantum gravity (2)
- Gauge theory and renormalization (Erice, August 1994) (2)
- Quantum Information and Information Loss in General Relativity ‡ (2)
- Grace, Freedom, Relation (1)
- Is quantum field theory a theory (1)
- Invariance Under Complex Transformations and its Relevance to the Cosmological Constant Problem (1)
- Beyond relativistic quantum string theory (1)
- Understanding Elementary Particles by Gauge TheoriesLecture presented at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in occasion of the award of the Pius XI Gold Medal, November 12, 1983. (1)
- Black Hole Unitarity and Antipodal Entanglement (1)
- The Black Hole Information Problem (1)
- “Diagrammar” and Dimensional Renormalization (1)
- Black holes as clues to the problem of quantizing gravity (1)
- Scattering at Planck Energies (1)
- Physics of the 21ST Century (1)
- Beyond Relativistic Quantum String Theory or Discreteness and Determinism in Superstrings (1)
- Pekka Johannes Lahti—60th Birthday (1)
- The Standard Model and Beyond (1)
- The Black Hole Firewall Transformation and Realism in Quantum Mechanics (1)
- Virtual Black Holes and Space–Time Structure (1)
- Microstates in Black Holes and the Topology of Space-Time (1)
- Black Hole Microstates (1)
- Confinement at Large N C * (1)
- More on the black hole S-matrix (1)
- Black holes and quantum mechanics. Statistical mechanics and field theory : mathematical aspects (1)
- Large N (1)
- The Great Desert (1)
- Magnetic monopoles and non-abelian gauge groups (1)
- A Reconsideration of the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (1)
- The Discovery of the Renormalizability of Non-Abelian Gauge Theories (1)
- THE GRAND VIEW OF PHYSICS (1)
- Beyond Perturbation Expansion (1)
- Quantization of Space and Time in 3 and in 4 Space-time Dimensions * (1)
- THE HIDDEN INFORMATION IN THE STANDARD MODEL (1)
- Waldmann-Snider Collision Integrals for Mixtures of Polyatomic Gases Exact and Approximate Relations (1)
- Holography and Quantum Gravity (Summary) (1)
- Concise Description of the CA Interpretation (0)
- The Pursuit of Quantum Gravity (0)
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 — Opening Lecture: Remembering Sidney Coleman (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: The beginning of the journey to the small: cutting paper (0)
- II Convergence of Planar Diagram Expansions(WORKSHOP ON QUANTUM FIELD THEORIES) (0)
- DETAILED REFERENCES OF ALL PAPERS ON THE EFFECTIVE ENERGY AND THE UNIVERSALITY FEATURES (0)
- The renormalization procedure for Yang Mills fields (0)
- 10−2: 10−2 seconds = 10 milliseconds = 0.01 seconds (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Models (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Supergravity (0)
- FERMIONS ON THE LATTICE (0)
- Quantum gravity as a gauge field theory (0)
- 105 = 100,000: 105 seconds = 1.16 days = 27.78 hours (0)
- Anomalies and Topologies in Quantum Field Theories (0)
- FIXING THE GAUGE CONDITION NON-PERTURBATIVELY (0)
- Coloring in the strong forces (0)
- The Dark Eternities: 1032 seconds: to infinity and beyond (0)
- Hindsight and the history of the nucleus (0)
- 10−23: 10−23 seconds = 10 yoctoseconds (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Dominance of the rule of the smallest (0)
- More on Cogwheels (0)
- 10−5: 10−5 seconds = 10 microseconds (0)
- To molecules and atoms (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Eleven-dimensional space-time (0)
- THE STRING IN AN EXCITED BARYON (0)
- 10−11: 10−11 seconds = 10 picoseconds (0)
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 -- Lecture II:. Some Effects of Instantons in QCD (0)
- The Discretized Hamiltonian Formalism in $\mathit{}$ Theory (0)
- Meccano Math (0)
- Deterministic Models in Quantum Notation (0)
- The Renormalization Group (0)
- Life and death (0)
- The magical mystery of the quanta (0)
- Quantum Chromodynamics (abstract only) (0)
- The making of the standard model. (0)
- Constructing deterministic models for quantum mechanical systems (0)
- The brilliance of the Standard Model (0)
- Unravelling nature's elementary building blocks - challenges of big science (0)
- UNIVERSAL BOUND STATES AT THE PLANCK LENGTH (0)
- Gravity and the Quantum: the World may not be what it seems (0)
- 102 = 100: 100 seconds = 1 minute, 40 seconds (0)
- 10−20: 10−20 seconds = 10 zeptoseconds (0)
- Quantum Information on the Black Hole Horizon (0)
- A Confrontation with Infinity : preceeded by an autobiography (0)
- Conclusions of Part II (0)
- 1014 = 100 trillion: 1014 seconds = 3.17 million years (0)
- 10−25: 10−25 seconds (0)
- Light bent by magnets (0)
- GHOSTS FOR PHYSICISTS (0)
- LECTURES ON QUARK CONFINEMENT: ABSTRACTS AND REFERENCES (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Fields or bootstraps? (0)
- hep-th/0207179 PERTURBATIVE CONFINEMENT 1 (0)
- 10−8: 10−8 seconds = 10 nanoseconds (0)
- 10−6: 10−6 seconds = 1 microsecond (0)
- Round Table Discussion at the Lorentz Workshop `Beyond the Quantum' (0)
- 10−13: 10−13 seconds = 100 femtoseconds (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Superconducting empty space: the Higgs-Kibble machine (0)
- Quantum Mechanics, Discretization and Local Determinism (0)
- 10−18: 10−18 seconds = 1 attosecond (0)
- 10−14: 10−14 seconds = 10 femtoseconds (0)
- FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS OF QUANTUM THEORY REALATED TO THE OF QUANTUM QUNTIZING BLACK HOLES (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Attaching the superstring (0)
- Confusions Regarding Quantum Mechanics (0)
- Classical Cellular Automata and Quantum Field Theory (0)
- 10−1: 10−1 seconds = 100 milliseconds = 0.1 seconds (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Gypsy (0)
- 1012 = 1 trillion: 1012 seconds = 31,710 years (0)
- Renormalization and Gauge Invariance(YUKAWA-TOMONAGA CENTENNIAL SYMPOSIUM Progress in Modern Physics) (0)
- The key problem in reconciling the gravitational force with quantum mechanics is the question what the physical degrees of freedom are (0)
- The key problem in reconciling the gravitational force with quantum mechanics is the question what the physical degrees of freedom are (0)
- Prospects for the theory of everything (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: The crazy kaons (0)
- Black Holes and Quantum Mechanics (0)
- The Topological Mechanism for Permanent Quark Confinement in Quantum Chromodynamics (0)
- From electrical engineering via magnetical and coloral engineering to gravitational engineering (0)
- Gerard 't Hooft (0)
- Can one reconcile the physics of black holes with the laws of quantum mechanics (0)
- The invisible quarks (0)
- 106 = 1,000,000 = 1 million: 106 seconds = 11.57 days = 1.65 weeks (0)
- Interpreting Quantum Mechanics (0)
- On Black Hole Perturbations (0)
- Topological Aspects of Quantum Chromodynamics (Erice lecture notes) (0)
- On the Brout–Englert–Higgs–Guralnik–Hagen–Kibble Mechanism in Quantum Gravity (0)
- Gauge theories (0)
- Models in Two Space–Time Dimensions Without Interactions (0)
- 104 = 10,000: 10,000 seconds = 2.78 hours (0)
- Book reviews (0)
- Nothing to fear from mistakes. (0)
- 10−15: 10−15 seconds = 1 femtosecond (0)
- Book-Review - the Physical Effects in the Gravitational Field of Black-Holes (0)
- Deterministic Quantum Mechanics: The Mathematical Equations (0)
- 100 = 1: 1 second (0)
- Nuclear Physics B254 (1985) 11-18 '© North-Holland Publishing Company THE BIRTH OF ASYMPTOTIC FREEDOM (0)
- Nuclear Physics B105 (1976) 538-547 © North-Holiand Publishing Company MAGNETIC CHARGE QUANTIZATION AND FRACTIONALLY CHARGED QUARKS (0)
- CONFRONTATION WITH EXPERIMENT (0)
- 10−4: 10−4 seconds = 100 microseconds = 0.0001 seconds (0)
- 1015 = 1 quadrillion: 1015 seconds = 31.7 million years (0)
- Alleys to Be Further Investigated and Open Questions (0)
- The giant leap to the Planck length (0)
- The Large Timescales: 1018 = 1 quintillion1018 seconds = 31.7 billion years (0)
- Borel Summability of a Four-Dimensional Field Theory (0)
- 10−9: 10−9 seconds = 1 nanosecond (0)
- THU-93/10 CANONICAL QUANTIZATION OF GRAVITATING POINT PARTICLES IN 2+1 DIMENSIONS (0)
- 1011 = 100 billion: 1011 seconds = 3,171 years (0)
- The Unique Beauty of the Subatomic Landscape (0)
- Nature's geometric uniqueness (0)
- 10−7: 10−7 seconds = 100 nanoseconds (0)
- How well do we understand quantum chromodynamics? status report of a theory (0)
- Complexity in quantum gravity (0)
- On the convergence of planar diagram expansions (0)
- QUANTIZING GAUGE FIELD THEORIES (0)
- 10−17: 10−17 seconds = 10 attoseconds (0)
- A tribute to G. 't Hooft and M. Veltman, the 1999 Nobel laureates in physics (0)
- Theories that do not yet exist (0)
- Probing the small distance structure of canonical (0)
- Quark Confinement and Strings (0)
- Determinism beneath Quantum Mechanics 1 (0)
- Playing With Planets (0)
- The Negative β Function:. from the Standard Model to Quantum Gravity (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Deceptive perfection (0)
- 10−24: 10−24 seconds = 1 yoctosecond (0)
- III Quantum Gravity and Hawking's Radiation(WORKSHOP ON QUANTUM FIELD THEORIES) (0)
- 103 = 1,000: 1,000 seconds = 16 minutes, 40 seconds (0)
- HOW WELL DO WE UNDERSTAND QCD? STATUS REPORT OF A THEORY (0)
- 108 = 100 million: 108 seconds = 3.17 years (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Grand unification (0)
- 1013 = 10 trillion: 1013 seconds = 317,098 years (0)
- Superstrings and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (0)
- Black holes and elementary particle physics (0)
- 1016 = 10 quadrillion: 1016 seconds = 317 million years (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Weighing neutrinos (0)
- The Construction of a High-Energy Collider (0)
- Small Timescales: 10−44 to 10−26 seconds (0)
- The Continuum Limit of Cogwheels, Harmonic Rotators and Oscillators (0)
- 10−19: 10−19 seconds = 100 zeptoseconds (0)
- Towards a Theory for the Quantum Mechanics of Gravitational Collapse (0)
- Rigorous Construction of Planar Diagram Field Theories in Four Dimensional Euclidean Space (0)
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 (0)
- 'DIAGRAMMAR' and dimensional renormalization : Quantum gravity as a gauge field theory (0)
- Quantum Field Theory (0)
- The Problem of Quantum Locality (0)
- DETAILED REFERENCES OF THE PAPERS QUOTED BY G. 't HOOFT CONCERNING THE EXPERIMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE QUARK CONFINEMENT AND TO THE U(1) ANOMALY BY A. ZICHICHI AND COLLABORATORS (0)
- 10−16: 10−16 seconds = 100 attoseconds (0)
- The Universe, a Personal View on Exploring the Boundaries, or: The Science of the Extremes (0)
- 10−3: 10−3 seconds = 1 millisecond = 0.001 seconds (0)
- Book reviews (0)
- Quantum black holes (0)
- The Limits of Our Imagination in Elementary Particle Theory (0)
- Canonical Methods in Deterministic Quantum Mechanics (0)
- ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AS BLACK HOLES (0)
- \(\mathit{PQ}\) Theory (0)
- Strings from Gravity Strings from Gravity (0)
- 10−22: 10−22 seconds = 100 yoctoseconds (0)
- General Relativity : In Acknowledgement (0)
- Phenomenology, Freedom, Causality, and the Origin of Western Civilization (0)
- On the Brout–Englert–Higgs–Guralnik–Hagen–Kibble Mechanism in Quantum Gravity (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Into the black hole (0)
- 10−12: 10−12 seconds = 1 picosecond (0)
- A Malleable Earth (0)
- The Yang-Mills bonanza (0)
- 10−21: 10−21 seconds = 1 zeptosecond (0)
- 106.41 = 2,592,000: 106.41 seconds = 30 days ≈ 1 month (0)
- The elementary particle zoo before 1970 (0)
- Past and Future of Gauge Theory (0)
- 107 = 10 million: 107 seconds = 115.74 days = 3.86 months (0)
- Theorizing in physics (0)
- An unorthodox view on quantum mechanics (0)
- 101 = 10: 10 seconds (0)
- Gauge field theory and permanent quark confinement (0)
- The Pursuit of Quantum Gravity (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: The magnetic monopole (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Foreword: an apology (0)
- SUPERSYMMETRY AND SUPERGRAVITY (0)
- The quantum black hole (0)
- In search of the ultimate building blocks: Glossary (0)
- Book reviews (0)
- ERICE LECTURES 2008 -- Lecture III:. Crystalline Gravity (0)
- Does quantum chromodynamics imply confinement? Dedicated to Feza Gürsey's 60th birthday (1981) (0)
- Models for Confinement(The Jubilee of the Sakata Model) (0)
- 1017 = 100 quadrillion: 1017 seconds = 3.17 billion years (0)
- 1010 = 10 billion: 1010 seconds = 317 years (0)
- 10−10: 10−10 seconds = 100 picoseconds (0)
- Ontology in quantum mechanics (0)
- Information and information loss in quantum gravity (0)
- Book reviews (0)
- 109 = 1 billion: 109 seconds = 31.7 years (0)

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