#212 Overall Influence

English mathematical physicist, recreational mathematician and philosopher

Sir Roger Penrose was born in Colchester, England in 1931. He is best known for his significant contributions to the mathematical physics of general relativity and cosmology. Penrose attended University College London where he earned his bachelor’s in mathematics. He received a PhD studying algebraic geometry at St John’s College, Cambridge in 1958. In his free time at Cambridge, he attended a few lectures led by Hermann Bondi and Paul Dirac, which lent some of his curiosity in the direction of physics. Penrose went on to become an innovator in the field of mathematical physics, and is now widely regarded as among the greatest living mathematical physicists.

In public life, he speaks frequently on topics of philosophy, addressing questions such as, why can the universe be explained coherently by mathematics? Famously, he has also written extensively on theories of the nature of consciousness, a topic typically broached in the discipline of academic philosophy (and related fields, such as cognitive science). In his 1989 book The Emperor’s New Mind, Penrose argued that consciousness arises from quantum effects in the brain, a view that both fascinated and drew criticism from other theorists about the mind. His follow-up book Shadows of the Mind in 1994 further explored his ideas about consciousness.

Roger Penrose is the recipient of numerous honors and awards for his distinguished career in mathematical physics. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1972. In 1988 he won the Wolf Prize for Physics, sharing the award with the late Stephen Hawking“>Stephen Hawking for work on black holes. In 1989 he was awarded the Dirac Medal and Prize of the British Institute of Physics, and in 1990 Penrose was awarded the Albert Einstein Medal. In 2000 he was appointed to the Order of Merit by the British Government.

**Featured in Top Influential Physicists Today and Top Influential Mathematicians Today**

Sir Roger Penrose is a British mathematician, mathematical physicist, philosopher of science and Nobel Laureate in Physics. He is Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford, an emeritus fellow of Wadham College, Oxford, and an honorary fellow of St John's College, Cambridge, and University College London.

Source: Wikipedia- An Approach to Gravitational Radiation by a Method of Spin Coefficients
- Gravitational Collapse and Space-Time Singularities
- On Gravity's role in Quantum State Reduction
- Spinors and Space-Time
- Towards Quantum Superpositions of a Mirror
- Spinors and Space-Time
- The Emperor's New Mind
- A spinor approach to general relativity
- Nonlinear gravitons and curved twistor theory
- Asymptotic Properties of Fields and Space-Times
- NAKED SINGULARITIES
- On quadratic first integrals of the geodesic equations for type {22} spacetimes
- Consciousness in the universe
- Techniques in Differential Topology in Relativity
- Quantum computation, entanglement and state reduction
- Spherically-symmetric solutions of the Schrödinger-Newton equations
- A Remarkable Property of Plane Waves in General Relativity
- What is Life?
- Twistor quantisation and curved space-time
- Internal instability in a Reissner-Nordstr�m black hole
- The twistor programme
- Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: A model for consciousness
- Cohomology and massless fields
- Solutions of the Zero‐Rest‐Mass Equations
- The question of cosmic censorship
- On a quadratic first integral for the charged particle orbits in the charged Kerr solution
- A test of general relativity using the LARES and LAGEOS satellites and a GRACE Earth gravity model
- On the Gravitization of Quantum Mechanics 1: Quantum State Reduction
- Any Space-Time has a Plane Wave as a Limit
- Difficulties with Inflationary Cosmology
- Conserved Quantities in the Einstein‐Maxwell Theory
- On bell non-locality without probabilities: More curious geometry
- Précis of The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning computers, minds, and the laws of physics
- The Nature of Space and Time
- Testing General Relativity and gravitational physics using the LARES satellite
- The Central Programme of Twistor Theory
- Spinors and torsion in general relativity
- The nonlinear graviton
- Quantum Aspects of Life
- What is Life?
- Fundamental Physics and General Relativity with the LARES and LAGEOS satellites
- Republication of: Conformal treatment of infinity
- Exploring the unification of quantum theory and general relativity with a Bose–Einstein condensate
- Spin-coefficient formalism
- Ludwig Boltzmann
- Physical space-time and nonrealizable ${\text{CR}}$-structures
- 'Nature and the Greeks' and 'Science and Humanism'
- Reply to seven commentaries on “Consciousness in the universe: Review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory”
- Consciousness, the Brain, and Spacetime Geometry: An Addendum
- Black holes, quantum theory and cosmology
- Black Holes and Gravitational Theory
- A new laser-ranged satellite for General Relativity and space geodesy: I. An introduction to the LARES2 space experiment
- Fashion, Faith, and Fantasy in the New Physics of the Universe
- WAVEFUNCTION COLLAPSE AS A REAL GRAVITATIONAL EFFECT
- Spinors and Space‐Time, Volume 2: Spinor and Twistor Methods in Space‐Time Geometry
- Black Holes
- The Nature of Space and Time
- Preliminary orbital analysis of the LARES space experiment
- Relativistic Symmetry Groups
- The basic ideas of conformal cyclic cosmology
- On the Gravitization of Quantum Mechanics 2: Conformal Cyclic Cosmology
- On cosmological mass with positive Λ
- The Nature of Space and Time
- Twistor geometry of light rays
- Remarks on Tiling: Details of a (1 + ε + ε2)-Aperiodic Set
- The nonalgorithmic mind
- Lionel Sharples Penrose, 1898-1972
- On the second law of thermodynamics
- Twistor theory and the Einstein vacuum
- An improved test of the general relativistic effect of frame-dragging using the LARES and LAGEOS satellites
- Conscious Events as Orchestrated Space-Time Selections
- On Schwarzschild Causality—A Problem for “Lorentz Covariant” General Relativity
- Physical space-time and nonrealizable CR-structures
- Drawing with complex numbers
- On understanding understanding
- Causality, quantum theory and cosmology
- Causality, quantum theory and cosmology
- Singularities in Cosmology
- Spinors and Space‐Time, Volume I: Two‐Spinor Calculus and Relativistic Fields
- Publisher’s Note: Towards Quantum Superpositions of a Mirror [Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900791, 130401 (2003)]
- Palatial twistor theory and the twistor googly problem
- Twistors as Spin 3/2 Charges
- Mr Tompkins in Paperback
- The Geometry of the Universe
- The Emperor’s New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics
- A new laser-ranged satellite for General Relativity and space geodesy: III. De Sitter effect and the LARES 2 space experiment
- Reply to criticism of the ‘Orch OR qubit’ – ‘Orchestrated objective reduction’ is scientifically justified
- On gravity's role in quantum state reduction
- Fashion, Faith, and Fantasy in the New Physics of the Universe
- Reply to “A comment on “A test of general relativity using the LARES and LAGEOS satellites and a GRACE Earth gravity model, by I. Ciufolini et al.””
- The Big Bang and its Dark-Matter Content: Whence, Whither, and Wherefore
- A quadratic mapping with invariant cubic curve
- The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics
- On the Cohomology of Impossible Figures
- Quantum spacetime and physical reality
- The mathematics of the electron's spin
- A Brief Outline of Twistor Theory
- Aspects of quasilocal angular momentum
- Uncertainty in quantum mechanics: faith or fantasy?
- Twistors and General Relativity
- LARES satellite thermal forces and a test of general relativity
- CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE UNIVERSE AN UPDATED REVIEW OF THE “ORCH OR” THEORY
- Mr Tompkins in Paperback
- On Space and Time
- On the fine structure of spacetime
- The nature of time
- On Space and Time
- Where physics meets metaphysics
- Einstein's Vision and the Mathematics of the Natural World
- Time-Asymmetry, Cosmological Uniformity and Space-Time Singularities
- "Черные дыры"
- Some Remarks on Twistor Theory
- Dennis William Sciama. 18 November 1926 — 19 December 1999
- An emperor still without mind
- Chandrasekhar, black holes, and singularities
- What is reality?
- Gluing Non-commutative Twistor Spaces
- Cosmology and the Arrow of Time
- Apparent evidence for Hawking points in the CMB Sky★
- Singularity theorems
- Twisters and the Einstein Equations
- THE PRINCIPLE OF OBJECTIVATION
- Causality, quantum theory and cosmology
- Causality, quantum theory and cosmology
- Where physics meets metaphysics
- Quantum spacetime and physical reality
- Preface
- GRAVITATIONAL COLLAPSE OF THE WAVEFUNCTION: AN EXPERIMENTALLY TESTABLE PROPOSAL
- THE TWISTOR APPROACH TO SPACE-TIME STRUCTURES
- Why new physics is needed to understand the mind
- Quantum non-locality and complex reality
- The Emperor's New Mind.
- Introduction: science at the turn of the millennium
- Afterword
- Twistor Theory: A Geometric Perspective for Describing the Physical World
- Algorithms and Turing Machines
- Where Lies The Physics of Mind?
- Can A Computer Have A Mind?
- Truth, Proof, and Insight
- Mathematics and Reality
- The Classical World
- Quantum Magic and Quantum Mystery
- Real Brains and Model Brains
- In Search of Quantum Gravity
- Stephen Hawking
- Singularities in Cosmology
- Stephen William Hawking CH CBE. 8 January 1942—14 March 2018
- Az idő ciklusai
- A császár új elméje
- Twistor Theory as an Approach to Fundamental Physics
- Towards an Objective Physics of Bell Nonlocality: Palatial Twistor Theory
- On the quadratic invariant of binary sextics
- On Attempting to Model the Mathematical Mind
- On Ricci-flat twistor theory
- General Theory of Relativity
- Foreword
- AFTERWORD TO THE 2010 EDITION. The Debate Continues
- CHAPTER Two. Structure of Spacetime Singularities
- CHAPTER FOUR. Quantum Theory and Spacetime
- CHAPTER SEVEN. The Debate
- CHAPTER SIX. The Twistor View of Spacetime
- Foreword
- Foreword
- THE HEREDITARY MECHANISM
- Foreword
- Preface
- ORDER, DISORDER AND ENTROPY
- IS LIFE BASED ON THE LAWS OF PHYSICS?
- ON DETERMINISM AND FREE WILL
- THE CLASSICAL PHYSICIST'S APPROACH TO THE SUBJECT
- DELBRÜCK'S MODEL DISCUSSED AND TESTED
- THE FUTURE OF UNDERSTANDING
- Autobiographical Sketches
- MUTATIONS
- SCIENCE AND RELIGION
- THE PHYSICAL BASIS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
- THE MYSTERY OF THE SENSUAL QUALITIES
- THE QUANTUM-MECHANICAL EVIDENCE
- THE ARITHMETICAL PARADOX: THE ONENESS OF MIND
- The Gay Tribe of Electrons
- Quantum Billiards
- A Part of the Previous Lecture which Mr Tompkins slept through
- The Professor's Lecture on Relativity which caused Mr Tompkins's dream
- Maxwell's Demon
- The Professor's Lecture on Curved Space, Gravity and tne universe
- The Pulsating Universe
- City Speed Limit
- Inside the Nucleus
- Quantum Jungles
- The Woodcarver
- Preface
- Foreword
- Mr Tompkins takes a holiday
- Cosmic Opera
- Mr Tompkins Tastes a Japanese Meal
- INTRODUCTION
- Holes in Nothing
- Mathematical Physics in the 20th and 21st Centuries?
- The dark Universe
- Preface
- On the fine structure of spacetime
- The nature of time
- A Spinor Approach to General Relativity
- John Bell, State Reduction, and Quanglement
- The dark Universe
- The Big Bang, quantum gravity and black-hole information loss
- Chandrasekhar and the End of Time
- Black Holes
- Aspects of General Relativity
- Schwarze Löcher
- Is Conscious Awareness Consistent with Space-Time Descriptions?
- The Need for a Non-computational Extension of Quantum Action in the Brain
- Gödel, the Mind, and the Laws of Physics
- On the Physics and Mathematics of Thought
- Railway Mazes
- Reason 6: Reason eats itself
- Recent advances in global general relativity: A brief survey
- Gödel, relativity, and mind
- Twistor Geometry of Conformal Infinity
- Energy and Its Definition in General Relativity
- The Stuff of Consciousness
- Limits of Artificial Intelligence
- Some developments in twistors and space-time
- Shadows of the Mind
- Mass and angular momentum at the quasi-local level in general relativity
- In {2 2} vacuums, the null-datum on null rays is exactlyr −5
- Mathematics of the Universe
- The Nature of Space and Time
- Singularities and time's arrow
- Chandrasekhar on black holes
- Response time
- Filling the plane

California Institute of Technology

Private research university located in Pasadena, California

Pennsylvania State University

Public university in State College and multiple campuses in Pennsylvania, United States

University of Oxford

Collegiate research university in Oxford, England

University of Texas at Austin

Public research university in Austin, Texas, United States

Rice University

University in Houston, Texas, USA

Leiden University

University in Leiden, Netherlands

University of Cambridge

Collegiate public research university in Cambridge, England, United Kingdom

- The Road to Reality
- The Emperor's New Mind
- Fashion, Faith, and Fantasy in the New Physics of the Universe

#13 World Rank

Physics

#67 World Rank

Mathematics

#425 World Rank

Philosophy

#450 World Rank

Psychology

#2097 World Rank

Literature

Stay informed! Get the latest Academic Influence news, information, and rankings with our upcoming newsletter.