#1,157

Most Influential Person

American physicist

Leonard Susskind is Professor of Theoretical Physics at Stanford University, and the Founding Director for the Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics. Among many specialties in physics, including quantum field theory, quantum statistical mechanics and quantum cosmology, Susskind is widely regarded as one of the fathers of string theory. In 1995, he was the first physicist to precisely define the string theory concept for physics. Susskind actually began working as a plumber as a teenager, and later entered the City College of New York, graduating with a B.S. in Physics in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in 1965 in Physics from Cornell University.

Susskind began as an assistant professor of physics at Yeshiva University and then Tel Aviv before landing his role at Stanford University. His career has been marked by notable contributions in the areas of the application of string theory to explanations of the “dual resonance” model of strong interactions in particle physics. Along with colleagues Yoichiro Nambu and Holger Bech Nielsen, Susskind played a major role in bringing string theory into the discussion of physics, thereby cementing his place as a major physicist of the late 20th century.

Susskind’s The Cosmic Landscape and The Black Hole War books have brought him more mainstream attention as a major thinker in physics and cosmology. He won the Pomeranchuk Prize in 2008, an award for distinguished science writing, and the Sakurai Prize in 1998, along with a Boris Pregel Award from the New York Academy of Sciences in 1975.

**Featured in Top Influential Physicists Today**

According to Wikipedia, Leonard Susskind is an American physicist, who is a professor of theoretical physics at Stanford University, and founding director of the Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics. His research interests include string theory, quantum field theory, quantum statistical mechanics and quantum cosmology. He is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, an associate member of the faculty of Canada's Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, and a distinguished professor of the Korea Institute for Advanced Study.

- The world as a hologram (3036)
- M theory as a matrix model: A Conjecture (2483)
- Dynamics of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in the Weinberg-Salam Theory (1174)
- Hamiltonian Formulation of Wilson's Lattice Gauge Theories (999)
- Cool horizons for entangled black holes (995)
- The Anthropic Landscape of String Theory (892)
- The stretched horizon and black hole complementarity. (843)
- The Holographic bound in anti-de Sitter space (757)
- Quantum mechanical phase and time operator (662)
- Mass Without Scalars (640)
- Invasion of the giant gravitons from Anti-de Sitter space (615)
- Holographic Complexity Equals Bulk Action? (532)
- Black hole entropy in canonical quantum gravity and superstring theory. (514)
- Computational Complexity and Black Hole Horizons (502)
- Complexity and Shock Wave Geometries (462)
- Complexity, action, and black holes (440)
- Localized shocks (410)
- Some speculations about black hole entropy in string theory (402)
- The IR/UV connection in the non-commutative gauge theories (394)
- Gravity and global symmetries. (343)
- Another Conjecture about M(atrix) Theory (341)
- Disturbing Implications of a Cosmological Constant (330)
- Charge shielding and quark confinement in the massive schwinger model (325)
- A theory of everything? (324)
- An Introduction to Black Holes, Information And The String Theory Revolution: The Holographic Universe (312)
- Holography and cosmology (296)
- Dilaton Tadpoles, String Condensates and Scale Invariance (294)
- Magnetic fields, branes, and noncommutative geometry (294)
- The Quantum Hall Fluid and Non-Commutative Chern Simons Theory (285)
- Entanglement is not Enough (267)
- Strings in background electric field, space / time noncommutativity and a new noncritical string theory (266)
- Isospin breaking in technicolor models (262)
- Difficulties for the Evolution of Pure States Into Mixed States (257)
- Tumbling Gauge Theories (251)
- Addendum to Computational Complexity and Black Hole Horizons (244)
- Lattice models of quark confinement at high temperature (241)
- Order and disorder in gauge systems and magnets (239)
- The Cosmic Landscape: String Theory and the Illusion of Intelligent Design (239)
- D-branes and fat black holes (237)
- Observational consequences of a landscape (236)
- Space/time non-commutativity and causality (234)
- The trouble with de Sitter space (214)
- String theory and quintessence (191)
- Initial Conditions for Inflation (189)
- Gedanken experiments involving black holes. (186)
- Black hole complementarity versus locality. (184)
- String theory and the principle of black hole complementarity. (178)
- Second law of quantum complexity (175)
- Holography in the flat space limit (172)
- Strings, black holes, and Lorentz contraction. (162)
- Light composite fermions (161)
- Dual-symmetric theory of hadrons.—I (160)
- Vacuum polarization and the absence of free quarks (159)
- Charge Superselection Rule (158)
- Baryon number of the universe (154)
- End point of Hawking radiation. (152)
- Wormholes and the cosmological constant (148)
- Is there really a de Sitter/CFT duality? (146)
- Theory As A Matrix Model : A Conjecture (146)
- Switchbacks and the Bridge to Nowhere (141)
- TASI lectures on the Holographic Principle (136)
- Strong Coupling Calculations of Lattice Gauge Theories: (1+1)-Dimensional Exercises (134)
- Breaking of Supersymmetry at Intermediate-Energy (132)
- Model of Self-Induced Strong Interactions (131)
- Black hole evaporation in 1+1 dimensions (131)
- OBSERVABILITY OF THE SIGN CHANGE OF SPINORS UNDER 2$pi$ ROTATIONS. (128)
- The parton picture of elementary particles (127)
- Review of matrix theory (122)
- Vanishing Renormalization of the D Term in Supersymmetric U(1) Theories (121)
- How quark confinement solves the η → 3 π problem (119)
- Supersymmetry Breaking in the Anthropic Landscape (118)
- Quantum complexity and negative curvature (115)
- Vacuum polarization and the quark parton puzzle (112)
- Creating the baryon asymmetry at the electroweak phase transition (110)
- Rotational invariance in the M(atrix) formulation of type IIB theory (109)
- Holographic framework for eternal inflation (104)
- Negative energy, superluminosity, and holography (103)
- Schwarzschild Black Holes from Matrix Theory (101)
- Grand unified theory with heavy color (100)
- Multiverse interpretation of quantum mechanics (100)
- Asymptotic level density in heterotic string theory and rotating black holes (96)
- Vacuum Polarization and the Absence of Free Quarks in Four-Dimensions (96)
- Trouble For Remnants (95)
- A quantitative approach to low-energy quantum chromodynamics (94)
- How Bob Laughlin tamed the giant graviton from Taub-NUT space (91)
- The Transfer of Entanglement: The Case for Firewalls (90)
- Superluminal Behavior, Causality, and Instability (85)
- Continuum strings from discrete field theories (84)
- Addendum to Fast Scramblers (84)
- Framework for the string theory landscape (83)
- Three Lectures on Complexity and Black Holes (79)
- Brane - anti-brane forces (74)
- SIZE AND SHAPE OF STRINGS (73)
- Tree-like structure of eternal inflation: A solvable model (72)
- Schwarzschild black holes in matrix theory II (71)
- Black Hole Complementarity and the Harlow-Hayden Conjecture (71)
- Singularities, Firewalls, and Complementarity (70)
- The typical‐state paradox: diagnosing horizons with complexity (69)
- Counting Schwarzschild and charged black holes (69)
- Cosmic censorship in two-dimensional gravity. (69)
- Hawking Radiation and Back-Reaction (66)
- Schwarzschild black holes in various dimensions from matrix theory (65)
- ER=EPR, GHZ, and the Consistency of Quantum Measurements (61)
- T Duality in M(atrix) Theory and S Duality in Field Theory (61)
- Copenhagen vs Everett, Teleportation, and ER=EPR (59)
- Strong-coupling calculations of the hadron spectrum of quantum chromodynamics (58)
- The gauge hierarchy problem, technicolor, supersymmetry, and all that (56)
- Why do Things Fall (56)
- Electromagnetic Memory (56)
- Quantum mechanics of the googolplexus (56)
- String Theory and the Size of Hadrons (55)
- Structure of hadrons implied by duality (55)
- The Second Law of Quantum Complexity (52)
- A wormhole catastrophe (52)
- Crunches, Hats, and a Conjecture (52)
- Realizing the quantum Hall system in string theory (52)
- Scale-invariant parton model (51)
- Chiral magnetism (or magnetohadrochironics) (51)
- Falling toward charged black holes (51)
- Strong Coupling Expansions and Phase Diagrams for the O(2), O(3) and O(4) Heisenberg Spin Systems in Two-dimensions (50)
- Wilson loops as precursors (50)
- Bosonic M theory (50)
- Braneless black holes (49)
- Quantum Mechanics of Inflation (48)
- THE INCREDIBLE SHRINKING TORUS (48)
- Census Taking in the Hat: FRW/CFT Duality (48)
- The Census Taker's Hat (47)
- Complexity of Jackiw-Teitelboim gravity (47)
- Renormalization group and string amplitudes (46)
- NON-PLANAR DUAL SYMMETRIC LOOP GRAPHS AND THE POMERON. (46)
- Baryon asymmetry in the very early universe (45)
- Quantum Gravity in the Lab: Teleportation by Size and Traversable Wormholes (45)
- Quantum Mechanics: The Theoretical Minimum (45)
- Two-dimensional quantum cosmology. (43)
- Twenty Years of Debate with Stephen (42)
- Matrix Theory Black Holes and the Gross Witten Transition (42)
- A Framework for the Landscape (41)
- Dear Qubitzers, GR=QM (41)
- Magnetic fields, branes, and noncommutative geometry - art. no. 066004 (40)
- Quantum cosmology in 2+1 and 3+1 dimensions (40)
- The Python’s Lunch: geometric obstructions to decoding Hawking radiation (39)
- The paradox of quantum black holes (38)
- Parton models and asymptotic freedom (37)
- HARMONIC-OSCILLATOR ANALOGY FOR THE VENEZIANO MODEL. (37)
- Teleportation through the wormhole (37)
- Fermion representation for the Z2 lattice gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions (36)
- Information spreading in interacting string field theory (35)
- Fluid dynamics, Chern-Simons theory and the quantum Hall effect (34)
- Complexity and Newton's Laws (34)
- Complexity geometry of a single qubit (33)
- String physics and black holes (33)
- Butterflies on the Stretched Horizon (33)
- ALGEBRAIC ASPECTS OF PIONIC DUALITY DIAGRAMS. (32)
- Complexity Equals Action (32)
- New Concepts for Old Black Holes (31)
- Electron-Positron Annihilation at and above the Threshold for Production of Charmed Hadrons (28)
- Quark Confinement in Unusual Environments (28)
- Lattice gauge theory calculations in 1 + 1 dimensions and the approach to the continuum limit (28)
- Quark confinement and the puzzle of the ninth axial-vector current (28)
- Microwave ionization of highly excited hydrogen atoms: A test of the correspondence principle. (26)
- Black Holes and Complexity Classes (26)
- Instantons, scale invariance and Lorentz invariance in matrix theory (26)
- Black holes and the information paradox. (25)
- The theoretical minimum : what you need to know to start doing physics (25)
- Space-time code. V (23)
- The information paradox of black holes (23)
- A Two Fluid Description of the Quantum Hall Soliton (21)
- Gauge Symmetry and Localized Gravity in M Theory (20)
- DUAL-PARTON MODEL FOR MESONS AND BARYONS (20)
- Phases of Two-Dimensional Heisenberg Spin Systems from Strong-Coupling Expansions (20)
- Future foam: Nontrivial topology from bubble collisions in eternal inflation (19)
- Dual-symmetric theory of hadrons (19)
- Colored monopoles on the lattice (19)
- Eternal Symmetree (18)
- Canonical quantization of 1+1 dimensional gravity (18)
- Multiphoton ionization in a short-range potential: A nonperturbative approach. (17)
- Asymptotic freedom and the "absence" of vector-gluon exchange in wide-angle hadronic collisions (17)
- String loop divergences and effective lagrangians (17)
- Fractal-Flows and Time's Arrow (16)
- Observational Consequences of a Landscape: Epilogue (16)
- A Sparse Model of Quantum Holography (16)
- Brane -antibrane Forces (15)
- The Theoretical Minimum (15)
- Number of states of two-dimensional critical string theory. (15)
- Charged Black Holes (15)
- Hard and soft processes in hadrodynamics (14)
- A parton theory based on the dual resonance model (14)
- Topological phases of eternal inflation (13)
- A lattice model of fractional statistics (13)
- Black Holes, Interactions, and Strings (13)
- A quark model of mesons based on chiral symmetry (13)
- A note on discrete light cone quantization (13)
- Complexity and momentum (12)
- Alternative patterns of chiral symmetry breaking in QCD (12)
- Complexity geometry and Schwarzian dynamics (12)
- Is Eternal Inflation Past-Eternal? And What if It Is? (12)
- Finite N Heterotic Matrix Models and Discrete Light Cone Quantization (12)
- Initial conditions for ination (12)
- De Sitter Holography: Fluctuations, Anomalous Symmetry, and Wormholes (11)
- Information loss and anomalous scattering. (11)
- Deconfinement transition as black hole formation by the condensation of QCD strings (11)
- Technicolored solution to the strong CP problem (11)
- Removal of the divergence of a planar dual-symmetric loop (10)
- Entanglement and Chaos in De Sitter Holography: An SYK Example (10)
- Horizons Protect Church-Turing (10)
- Entanglement Holonomies. (10)
- Goldstone-Nambu bosons in dual and parton theories (10)
- XIV. New ideas about confinement (10)
- Was There a Beginning (10)
- Large N and the Dine-Rajaraman problem (9)
- The Three Faces of a Fixed Point (9)
- Particle Growth and BPS Saturated States (9)
- Do weak interactions become strong at 10 TeV (9)
- Comments Concerning the CFT Description of Small Objects in AdS (9)
- Black Holes Hint Towards De Sitter-Matrix Theory (8)
- Complementarity And Firewalls (8)
- 1+1 dimensional compactifications of string theory. (8)
- de Sitter Space as a Resonance. (8)
- PiTP Lectures on Complexity and Black Holes (7)
- Mass generation by non-strong interactions (7)
- Hadronic final states of deep-inelastic processes in simple quark-parton models (7)
- Cosmic Natural Selection (7)
- The Stretched Horizon (7)
- Spin-½ Partons in a Dual Model of Hadrons (7)
- Tachyon hair on two-dimensional black holes. (7)
- Electron--positron annihilation cross section near the new threshold (6)
- Comment On A Proposal By Strominger (6)
- Naturalness and the Landscape (6)
- New effects in the ISR region (6)
- ANOMALOUS AND NORMAL SINGULARITIES AND THE INFINITE-MOMENTUM LIMIT. (6)
- Parallel Informal Negotiation: An Alternative to Second Track Diplomacy (6)
- TWO LECTURES ON TWO-DIMENSIONAL GRAVITY (6)
- Three Impossible Theories (5)
- GEDANKEN EXPERIMENTS INVOLVING HADRONS. (5)
- String Theory (5)
- Effective Geometry, Complexity, and Universality (5)
- The Holographic Principle (5)
- Classical Mechanics: The Theoretical Minimum (5)
- Partons and black holes (4)
- A model of mesons based on {chi}SB in the light-front frame (4)
- Puzzles and paradoxes about holography (4)
- On the Hardness of Detecting Macroscopic Superpositions (4)
- The Teleological Behavior of Rigid Regge Rods (4)
- Charge states of many-electron atoms in a strong laser field. (4)
- Wormholes and Time Travel? Not Likely (3)
- Applications of the Dual-Parton Model to High-Energy Multiparticle Processes (3)
- A universe like no other (3)
- Consequences of the scale-invariant parton model for deep-inelastic neutrino scattering (3)
- The distribution of partons in a hadron (3)
- THEORY OF SELF-INDUCED STRONG INTERACTIONS. (3)
- Quantum Cosmology on the Worldsheet (3)
- The Classical limit of quantum gravity isn't (3)
- The Power of One Clean Qubit (3)
- CRITIQUE OF COLEMAN'S THEORY OF THE VANISHING COSMOLOGICAL CONSTANT (2)
- Black Holes at Exp-time (2)
- Wormholes and cosmology (2)
- String Theory and M-Theory | Lecture 4 (2)
- Structure of Hadrons. II. Nonplanar Diagrams (2)
- WHO DO RESONANCES SCALE. (2)
- Lake Views: This World and the Universe (2)
- DUAL-SYMMETRIC LOOP DIAGRAMS FROM THE HARMONIC-OSCILLATOR MODEL. (2)
- Entanglement and Chaos in De Sitter Space Holography: An SYK Example (2)
- The Birth of String Theory: The first string theory: personal recollections (2)
- Lectures on Complexity and Black Holes Lecture (1)
- Two-current dual amplitudes and fishing-net diagrams (1)
- Graph Theory Perspective (1)
- DYNAMICAL THEORY OF STRONG INTERACTIONS. (1)
- A LATTICE MODEL OF FRACTIONAL STATISTICS (1)
- HADRONIC CURRENTS. II. (1)
- Quark confinement in gauge theories of strong interactions (1)
- 02 09 23 1 v 1 26 S ep 2 00 2 BRX TH-505 SU-ITP-02 / 02 Initial conditions for inflation (1)
- The Landscape and its Physics Foundations How String Theory Generates the Landscape (1)
- The Limits of Black Hole Complementarity (1)
- Electric Forces in the Charged SYK Model (1)
- Cosmology | Lecture 6 (1)
- A Model of Mesons based on χ SB in the Light-Front Frame (1)
- Duality and Feynman Graphs (1)
- The Black Hole Information Paradox (1)
- David Ritz Finkelstein (1)
- Static Wormholes in Vacuum and Gravity in Diverse Dimensions (1)
- Holographic Views of the World (1)
- Numerical calculations of the ionization of one-dimensional hydrogen atoms using hydrogenic and Sturmian basis functions. (1)
- The Conflict Between Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity (0)
- A pr 2 00 9 Hard and Soft Physics at RHIC with implications for LHC (0)
- Scalar Wave Equation in a Schwarzschild Background (0)
- Because we're here (0)
- Quantum Fields in Rindler Space (0)
- Do Typical States Have Firewalls? (0)
- Black Holes in a Box (0)
- Exploring $$SU\left( 2^K\right) $$ (0)
- Spacetime and Uncomplexity (0)
- Current Algebra in the Dual Parton Model (0)
- SCIPP 90 / 3 1 November 1990 ( Ml CREATING THE BARYON ASYMMETRY AT THE ELECTROWEAK PHASE TRANSITION (0)
- A ug 2 00 8 SU-ITP-08 / 18 OIQP-0808 Fast Scram blers (0)
- Entanglement in De Sitter Space (0)
- OVERLAPPING CHANNELS AND MULTI-CHANNEL PHENOMENA (0)
- The Rise of the Standard Model: Quark Confinement (0)
- Volume of $$SU\left( 2^K\right) $$ (0)
- The Schwarzschild Black Hole (0)
- Horizons and the UV/IR Connection (0)
- Entropy of Strings and Black Holes (0)
- Relative Complexity (0)
- Model of nonstrange currents and mesons (0)
- DUAL-PARTON MODEL FOR MESONS AND (0)
- The Aharonov-Bohm Effect Without Gauge Fields - A Paradox (0)
- B. Feng’s Theory (PartII): The Origin of Charge and the Unified Field Theory-Going on Kaluza-Klein’s (0)
- Quantum Mechanical Approach to Strong Interactions. (0)
- MULTIPERIPHERALISM, SOFT PARTONS, AND THE DEGENERACY OF THE VACUUM. (0)
- The Growth of Wormholes (0)
- Thoughts on a Long Voyage (0)
- Entropy of the Free Quantum Field in Rindler Space (0)
- Tini and the Cosmological Constant (0)
- The Puzzle of Information Conservation in Black Hole Environments (0)
- Darwin's legacy (0)
- Complexity and Firewalls (0)
- DISCRETE FIELD THEORIES AND SPATIAL PROPERTIES OF STRINGS (0)
- Recent Progress in Theories of Deep Inelastic Phenomena (0)
- Volume of CP(N) (0)
- Black Hole-String Correspondence (0)
- The Black Hole-Quantum Circuit Correspondence (0)
- Dual Role of Unitaries (0)
- Uncomplexity as a Resource (0)
- Exponential Time Breakdown of GR (0)
- How quark confinement solves the eta $Yields$ 3$pi$ problem (0)
- Thermodynamics of Black Holes (0)
- Ad-a252 981 C Vniminkii (0)
- Bad boy of physics. Interview by Peter Byrne. (0)
- Proceedings to the Workshops ''What comes beyond the Standard model'' 2000,2001, VOLUME 1: Festschrift dedicated to the 60th birthday of Holger Bech Nielsen (0)
- SU-ITP 0025 MIT-CTP-3295 hep-th / 0208013 Disturbing Implications of a Cosmological Constant (0)
- The Holographic Principle and Anti de Sitter Space (0)
- Strings in Space (0)
- Torsional Splittings in the Band nu9 + nu4 - nu4 of Ethane. (0)
- How Huge? (0)
- Overlapping ghannels and multichannel phenomena (0)
- Twenty Years of Debate with (0)
- Obituary of Harry Soodak (0)
- REGGE TRAJECTORIES AND PARTICLE SIZE. (0)
- Title Who Cares About Being Gentle ? The Impact of Social Identity and the Gender of One ’ s Friends on Children ’ s Display of Same-Gender Favoritism Permalink (0)
- The C ensus Taker's H at (0)
- The Trypanosoma cruz / Genome Initiative (0)
- Water in the Middle East: Making Room for Informal Problem Solving (0)
- A ug 2 00 8 SU-ITP-08 / 18 OIQP-0808 Fast (0)
- Full speed ahead (0)
- Simple way of determining the dependence of the Hamiltonian on the action variable for certain one-dimensional potentials. (0)
- BLACK HOLES AND THE BUTTERFLY EFFECT A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS AND THE COMMITTEE ON GRADUATE STUDIES OF STANFORD UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (0)
- The Laws of Nature (0)
- Rebuttal to a Paper on Wormholes (0)
- Precursors and Black Holes (0)

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