Our list of influential women in economics is as broad and impressive as the field itself. These female professionals have worked to alleviate poverty, researched global trade imbalances, studied employment patterns in developing countries, and more. This list features famous women economists who have been highly cited and searched online over the last 10 years.
According to Wikipedia,
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Microeconomics analyzes the interaction of individual agents and markets. Macroeconomics analyzes the economy as a system.
Current women scholars in the field research in areas such as poverty alleviation (Duflo), fair wages (Yellen), modern monetary theory (Kelton), the gender gap in earnings and income inequality (Goldin).
The AEA is a non-profit non-partisan, scholarly association dedicated to the discussion and publication of economics research.
AFFECT is a committee of the American Finance Association (AFA), designed to promote the advancement of women academics in the field of finance.
established to advance gender equality in the field of economics.
Esther Duflo is Professor of Poverty Alleviation and Development Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She earned a B.A. from École normale supérieure in Paris, an M.A.S. from the School of Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, and a Ph.D from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In 2019, Duflo, along with collaborators Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer, were awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics for their work conducting trial experiments to alleviate poverty. She is a co-founder of the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab which, with offices across the world including Paris and India, trains researchers to develop and conduct experiments to better understand the most effective development strategies.
Her particular interest and work in India have yielded important insights into the causes and solutions of poverty. She is the director for the development economics program at the Center for Economic and Policy Research. Duflo is widely respected for her contributions to economics and her work to improve the economic status of women, and was named as one of 2012's Top 100 Global Thinkers by Foreign Policy magazine. In 2015, she received the prestigious A.SK Social Sciences Award of $200,000 from the WZB Berlin Social Sciences Center.
Mariana Mazzucato is founder and director of the University College of London's Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose, as well as professor of economics of innovation and public value. She earned a Bachelor of Arts in history and international relations from Tufts University, and a Masters and Ph.D in economics from the New School for Social Research.
An expert in the economics of innovation, she has researched the role of innovation in public and private organizations and examined methods for guiding innovation to further strategic goals. She wrote The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths, in which she suggests that the marginalization of entrepreneurship and innovation to the private sector is the wrong approach, pointing out that many consumer technologies emerged from government funded research and development efforts.