Earth Day is an annual celebration of our planet and the many natural gifts it has bestowed upon us. Every year, on April 22, we take pause to acknowledge the tremendous debt we owe our planet, as well as the hard work we have ahead of us in repaying this debt through conservation, restoration, and a more sustainable way of living. But for professionals in the field of environmental science, every day is Earth Day.
We take the time to acknowledge the contributions of environmental science professionals and to highlight the incredible opportunities that await students aspiring to become professionals in environmental sciences. We also cast a deserving spotlight on the best environmental science degree programs, the most influential environmental science professors, and the most influential books on environmentalism.
The Earth’s temperature is warming, the oceans are rising, and the ecological stasis of our planet is wildly out of balance. The mainstream scientific consensus says that global climate change is very real and that we are already experiencing the effects from decimated wildlife and food shortages to more frequent wildfires, more severe storms, and more catastrophic weather events. Not to get all doom-and-gloom on you, but as the next generation of college grads, you have your work cut out for you.
But if there is a silver lining behind the acid rain cloud, it’s that the fields of environmental science and conservation are brimming with career opportunities. There are countless ways to contribute to the battle against global climate change whether you plan to conduct field research on water quality, contribute to advances in alternative fuel, advise on environmental cleanup projects, audit industrial operations for regulatory compliance, and much more.
In fact, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job opportunities for Environmental Scientists and Specialists are projected to grow at a rate of 8% by 2029, which is much faster than the average rate of job growth. Considering how much work there is to do, this isn’t surprising. And with a median annual wage of $71,360 in 2019, environmental science offers a strong starting salary and the chance to stand on the front lines in the enormously important battle against global climate change.
With each passing year, college graduates will come face to face with the mounting challenges of global climate change as they bleed into every aspect of our lives from labor and transportation to public health and safety. As a student of environmental sciences, you’ll be in a position to confront these challenges head on.
If you’re ready to get started on the path toward a degree in environmental sciences, check out the Most Influential Colleges and Universities for studying environmental science.
Otherwise, read on and find out which schools and professors are shaping the field today…
The first Earth Day took place on April 22, 1970. According to its originator, Senator Gaylord Nelson of Wisconsin, the purpose of the event was “to get a nationwide demonstration of concern for the environment so large that it would shake the political establishment out of its lethargy and, finally, force this issue permanently onto the national political agenda.”
College students played a particularly important role in this demonstration, with millions participating in rallies, educational programs, and marches on campuses throughout the U.S. Their efforts were recognized with a significant shift in public attitudes toward environmental concerns. Just months after the first Earth Day, in July of 1970, the Environmental Protection Agency was established to provide oversight and enforcement of environmental laws for the very first time. This was followed soon after by the passage of both the Clean Water and Endangered Species Acts.
Today, environmental regulation and global climate change remain pressing and hotly contested issues. And college students continue to lead the charge on these issues, seeking educational experiences and building toward careers that give them a chance not just to push for change, but to be a part of that change. For most students, this starts with the right environmental science degree program...
We ranked the influence of the environmental sciences sub-discipline at each of the world’s accredited colleges and universities using our InfluenceRankings, which measures the breadth of academic and popular influence of both the professors and students affiliated with each program. The result is a list of elite colleges offering highly interdisciplinary programs centered on the overlapping earth sciences, policy issues, and technical dimensions that shape this growing field.
For a closer look at how our InfluenceRankings work, check out our methodology.
The Environmental Science, Policy, and Management Department’s Environmental Sciences (ES) major ranks atop the list of environmental sciences degree programs and offers an interdisciplinary program centering on the impact of human activities on natural systems. According to the program’s website, students in this degree program will learn to apply tools and techniques from a variety of disciplines such as biology, ecology, chemistry, toxicology, geology, hydrology, meteorology, geography, engineering, statistics, behavioral science, policy analysis, economics, and law. Learn more…
The Environmental Science and Public Policy concentration at Harvard takes a multi-disciplinary approach to exploring current environmental problems. The program promotes both improved understanding of the underlying science and a deeper consideration of the economic, political, legal, historical, and ethical dimensions correlated to the health of our environment. Learn more…
Undergraduate programs in environmental sciences at Stanford are housed in The School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences (formerly the School of Earth Sciences), including closely connected programs such as Geological Sciences, Geophysics, Energy Resources Engineering, and Earth System Science. Students can also pursue an interdisciplinary Earth Systems bachelor’s degree. Learn more…
Environmental Sciences and Policy majors study the natural world and the human impacts on this world. Undergrads in this program will also explore the physical, biological, and social sciences essential to addressing the Earth’s most pressing environmental issues. The interdisciplinary program gives students a chance to pursue a three-course “sub-discipline” in topics such as climate change, sustainability, ecotoxicology, environmental justice, marine ecology, renewable energy, and environmental economics, among many others. Most students also get the chance to conduct independent research in their area of specialty. Learn more…
Students who wish to study earth, atmospheric, and planetary sciences at MIT will benefit from world-class research facilities, extensive laboratory access, and experimentation with guidance from influential MIT faculty members. According to the MIT website, students will explore the genesis, structure, and dynamics of the Earth’s core and land surface, oceans and atmospheres, biosphere and solar system while integrating a study of biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics. Learn more…
Students in this undergraduate degree program will develop a strong foundation in the sciences while delving into environmental science from an interdisciplinary perspective. Courses will address the geographical, physical, social, and living environments while also giving students a selection of concentrations in biology, chemistry, ecology, geography, engineering, forestry, environmental studies, and other areas of study. Learn more…
The Environmental Science and Engineering (ESE) merges the interdisciplinary nature of environmental sciences with the principles of engineering, providing students with the technical skills and knowledge to confront some of the most pressing challenges facing humanity. According to its website, the California Institute of Technology unites scientists and engineers from a variety of disciplines in order to focus their collective efforts on facing down big questions about our environment and the future of our planet. Learn more…
Environmental Studies at UC Santa Barbara integrates the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities into a program which explores the complex interactions between humans and the environment. Students are given the scholarly background and practical skills needed to confront the world’s greatest environmental challenges while exploring an extremely wide variety of environmental issues, including air/water pollution, animal rights, climate change, coastal processes, ecosystem restoration, endangered species, environmental ethics, environmental film and literature, environmental justice, environmental law, policy and politics, groundwater management, marine and terrestrial food systems, renewable energy, toxicology, forest management, traditional environmental knowledge, waste management, and urban and regional planning, just to name a few. Learn more…
Yale’s Environmental Studies (EVST) program combines the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences, giving students the building blocks to create solutions for the biggest environmental problems that we face today. This interdisciplinary degree is available through both BA and BS programs of study. Students pursuing either course of study will complete a senior research project. Learn more…
Students in Syracuse’s Environment, Sustainability, and Policy major will study the nature of our changing planet and contribute solutions to advance sustainability while becoming more engaged as global citizens. This Integrated Learning Major (ILM) takes an interdisciplinary approach, combining the study of environmental science, sustainability, and policy with an emphasis on how these complex issues are shaped by both human and natural factors. Learn more…
Check out the full list of The Best Colleges and Universities for Studying Environmental Science.
|Career||Job Growth||Avg. Salary|
|Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary||7.04%||$82,482|
|Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary||6.67%||$81,582|
|Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health||4.75%||$73,491|
|Bottom 10%||Median||Top 10%|
|State||Cost of Living||Avg. Salary|
|#2 Michigan||15% higher than average||$68,479|
|#3 Ohio||14% higher than average||$67,386|
|#4 Illinois||7% higher than average||$69,861|
|#5 Iowa||9% higher than average||$67,266|
|#6 Tennessee||14% higher than average||$63,407|
|Pipeline Transportation of Crude Oil||$113,810|
|Nuclear Electric Power Generation||$113,118|
|Natural Gas Distribution||$110,756|
What makes a great degree program? Great professors, of course! And in the field of environmental sciences, the work of the most influential professors transcends the walls of the laboratory and lecture hall. These professors make real and meaningful contributions to the real world with groundbreaking research, insightful analysis, and innovative solutions to the greatest environmental challenges facing humanity. Using our Influence Rankings to measure the breadth of their academic achievements and popular impact in their field, we identified the following as the Most Influential Professors in the Field of Environmental Sciences. If you’re planning to contribute to this important field, the following are some pretty great role models. And if you get into one of the top programs in the world, you could work directly with one of these influencers.
Though the field of environmental sciences is led by deep thinkers and noteworthy academics such as the luminaries identified here above, their efforts are often opposed by industry leaders, lobby groups, and business-friendly public office holders. This is why global climate change remains a fiercely debated issue in American public and political life. It also explains why climate change actually ranks near the top of our list of the 25 Most Controversial Topics Today.
To learn more about the push and pull around climate change, check out our look at this controversial topic.
Or, you can research climate change with a look at the most important books written on the subject over the last 60 years…
In the years prior to the first Earth Day in 1970, we had limited awareness of the impact that human activity had on the environment. However, heightened nuclear anxieties, armed conflicts over fossil fuels, and tangible evidence of pollution in our air, soil, and water gave way to a growing sense of urgency. This sense of urgency was captured first, and perhaps best, in Rachel Carson’s landmark 1962 text, Silent Spring.
It is unsurprising that Carson’s text, often identified as a major catalyst for a broader environmental movement, ranked first for the term “environmentalism” using our backstage ranking engine—Ranking Analytics. Using the time parameters of 1960-2020, we vetted this list for relevance—removing religious scriptures and popular fiction which may have been included for their incidental usage of related terminology. The result is a ranking of the 10 most influential books related to environmentalism, including those which take a scientific, economic, policy-related, or philosophical perspective on the issues at hand.
|Silent Spring, By: Rachel Carson|
|The Population Bomb, By: Paul R. Ehrlich|
|A Sand County Almanac, By: Aldo Leopold|
|Whole Earth Discipline, By: Stewart Brand|
|The Shock Doctrine, By: Naomi Klein|
|Walden, By: Henry David Thoreau|
|Diet for a New America, By: John Robbins|
|Merchants of Doubt, By: Naomi Oreskes|
|The Monkey Wrench Gang, By: Edward Abbey|
|The Green Bible, By: Harper Bibles|
For a more purely scientific exploration of the environment and related issues, check out our list of the 25 Most Influential Books in Earth Sciences/Geosciences 2010-2020.***
Would you like to be part of the fight against environmental abuses and global climate change?
Check out the full list of the Most Influential Colleges and Universities for studying environmental science and get started today!
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