University of Wisconsin–Madison
#25 Overall Influence#216 Desirability Rank

University of Wisconsin–Madison

Public research university in Madison, Wisconsin, USA

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By James Barham, PhD

The University of Wisconsin was founded at the same time that the eastern part of the Wisconsin Territory became the new state of Wisconsin and entered the union. In accord with its charter, the new state university was physically located in the state capital, Madison.

Today, the University of Wisconsin System has grown into an immense network of more than 180,000 students distributed across some 26 campuses. However, the original Madison location still remains the flagship campus with the largest student body (around 44,000 students) and the most distinguished faculty. The university’s $3 billion endowment allows it to rank third in the US for expenditures on fundamental research.

The university is still growing rapidly, with the Wisconsin Institute for Discovery (for biomedical research), the Wisconsin Energy Institute (for alternative energy development), and the Human Ecology Building all having opened within the past ten years.

In 2007, the university’s Morgridge Center for Public Service undertook a five-year, fund-raising drive to take advantage of $1 million in annual matching funds that the Morgridge family made available to increase support for the Center’s programs and services, especially in the areas of community-based research and engaged scholarship.

Historically, a number of important scientific investigations have been conducted at Wisconsin, including:

  • the “single-grain experiment” (1907–1911) to determine whether cows could live on a diet restricted to one kind of grain, marking the debut of modern nutrition science
  • experiments on the diet of rats conducted by Elmer McCollum and Marguerite Davis in 1913, which led to the discovery of the first vitamin (vitamin A)
  • experiments by Karl Paul Link in 1924 on “sweet clover disease” in cattle, which led to the discovery of anticoagulant compounds such as warfarin and heparin
  • experiments by Har Gobind Khorana in the early 1960s, which led to the decipherment of the RNA code controlling protein synthesis
  • research by Howard Temin, also in the 1960s, which resulted in the discovery of the genetic composition of viruses, as well as the co-discovery (with David Baltimore) of reverse transcriptase
  • James Thomson’s synthesis in 1998 of the first line of human embryonic stem cells

Overall, some 19 Wisconsin-connected people have received the Nobel Prize, including:

  • John Bardeen—physics
  • Alan MacDiarmid and Paul Boyer—chemistry
  • Joshua Lederberg and Edward Tatum—physiology or medicine (in addition to Elmer McCollum, Har Gobind Khorana, and Howard Temin, already mentioned)

Other prominent Wisconsin folks include:

  • Naturalist, John Muir
  • Conservationist, Aldo Leopold
  • Architect, Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Aviation pioneer, Charles Lindberg
  • Richard T. Ely and John R. Commons, founders of the Wisconsin School of Economics
  • Biochemist, Albert Lehninger
  • Mathematician and population geneticist, Motoo Kimura
  • Anthropologist, Clyde Kluckhohn
  • Actors Fredric March, Agnes Moorehead, & Gena Rowlands
  • Poet, Delmore Schwartz
  • Playwright, Lorraine Hansberry
  • Novelists, Marjorie Rawlings, Eudora Welty, Saul Bellow, & Joyce Carol Oates
  • Glass artist, Dale Chihuly
  • 46th Vice President of the United States, Dick Cheney

From Wikipedia

The University of Wisconsin–Madison is a public land-grant research university in Madison, Wisconsin. Founded when Wisconsin achieved statehood in 1848, UW–Madison is the official state university of Wisconsin and the flagship campus of the University of Wisconsin System. It was the first public university established in Wisconsin and remains the oldest and largest public university in the state. It became a land-grant institution in 1866. The main campus, located on the shores of Lake Mendota, includes four National Historic Landmarks. The university also owns and operates a historic arboretum established in 1932, located south of the main campus.

Source: Wikipedia


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500 Lincoln Dr, Madison WI 53706-1380

City Crime Rates

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27 per 100k

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3 per 100k

Influential People

Who are University of Wisconsin–Madison's Most influential alumni?

University of Wisconsin–Madison's most influential alumni faculty include professors and professionals in the fields of . University of Wisconsin–Madison’s most academically influential people include Lowell Bergman, Gabriel Kolko, and Grayson L. Kirk.

Lowell Bergman
Lowell Bergman

American journalist

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Gabriel Kolko

American historian

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Grayson L. Kirk
Grayson L. Kirk

American political scientist

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Bertell Ollman

American political scientist

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Christopher Browning

American historian of the Holocaust

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Ronald Radosh

American historian

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Edward Tatum
Edward Tatum

Genetics scientist

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Frederic E. Mohs

American surgeon

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Lorraine Hansberry
Lorraine Hansberry

American playwright and writer

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Howard Martin Temin
Howard Martin Temin

American geneticist

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Michael Garey

American computer scientist

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Paul Weyrich
Paul Weyrich

American political activist

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