Top Influential Earth Scientists Today

Earth scientists include meteorologists, geologists, physicists, geographers, mathematicians, and much more, all dedicated to seeking out the answers to our biggest questions about the planet we call home. Read on to learn more about outstanding academicians in the field of earth sciences and the exciting and innovative contributions they are developing for the broad study of earth sciences.

Top Influential Earth Scientists Today
By Dr. Sara L. Austin

The Earth sciences cover more than just the ground below us. It is essentially a planetary science, as it studies all of the elements that make up the physical nature of our planet. This includes everything from temperature fluctuations at the Earth’s poles to the role of pollution in climate change. It includes four main areas of study: the biosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere. There are nearly infinite subdomains within those areas. Some scientists employ a very narrow focus and others view earth science holistically, as a sum of all its parts.

What do earth scientists do other than write textbooks and scholarly papers? They help our governments protect their citizens from dangerous weather events or natural disasters such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tornadoes, and tropical cyclones. They crawl around in the mud, rappel into dark caves, ascend mountain summits, and log hours observing, recording, and analyzing data they have collected, in hopes of advancing our understanding of the world around us.

In what follows, we look at influential earth scientists over the last decade. Based on our ranking methodology, these individuals have significantly impacted the academic discipline of earth science within 2010-2020. Influence can be produced in a variety of ways. Some have had revolutionary ideas, some may have climbed by popularity, but all are academicians primarily working in earth science. Read more about our methodology.

Top Influential Earth Scientists 2010-2020

Want more? Discover influential earth scientists throughout history:
Of All Time | Last 50 Years | Last 20 Years

Note: The links above take you to rankings that dynamically change as our AI learns new things!

1.Robert Hazen

Robert Hazen
Robert Hazen
(1948 -   )
Rockville Centre, New York, USA

George Mason University

Professor Emeritus

Mineralogy

Robert Miller Hazen is an astrobiologist and mineralogist. He earned a B.S. and S.M. in earth science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Ph.D in mineralogy and crystallography from Harvard University. Hazen is currently the Clarence Robinson Professor of Earth Science at George Mason University and the Executive Director of the Deep Carbon Observatory, a global research study of the impacts of carbon. He is also a research scientist for the Carnegie Institution of Washington’s Geophysical Laboratory.

Hazen has spent much of his career collaborating with Larry Finger. Their partnership has produced significant contributions to the field of mineral physics, including the identification of more than a thousand crystal structures. By the 1990s, he felt that he had exhausted his questions about crystals and moved on to studying the chemical origins of life.

He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has had a new mineral named after him, hazenite, which was discovered by one of his protégés. He has been honored with the Roebling Medal and the Ipatieff Prize. The Mineralogical Society of America, of which he was formerly president, has recognized him with their Mineralogical Society of America Award and their Distinguished Public Service Medal.

Academic Website

Professional Website

2.Christopher Jackson

Christopher Jackson
Christopher Jackson
(1977 -   )
East Midlands

Imperial College London

Professor of Basin Analysis

Tectono-Stratigraphic Evolution of Rift Basins, Salt Tectonics, Deep-water Sedimentology and Stratigraphy

Christopher Jackson is a professor of geology at Imperial College London. He earned a B.Sc and a Ph.D from the University of Manchester. Jackson’s work has focused on the evolution of sedimentary basins through stratigraphic, structural, and geodynamic forces. His revolutionary work has earned him a reputation as the leading interpreter of geological and seismic data of his generation.

He is perhaps best known for his work on Expedition Volcano, which was a BBC-produced documentary of extraordinary depth, investigating two of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world, the Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira. Along with fellow researchers and scientists, such as Xand Van Tulleken, Jackson explored the geology of the crater floors and even spent a week camping next to a lava lake 350m down. They were hoping to provide insights that would be useful for early warnings before volcanic activity, as well as to better understand how proximity to the volcano was impacting the lives of everyday people.

Jackson has earned the Roland Goldring Award from the British Sedimentological Research Group, the Bigsby Medal from the Geological Society of London and the Thompson Distinguished Lecturer Award from the Geological Society of America. He was the editor of Basin Research from 2012-2015.

Academic Website

3.Michael E. Mann

Michael E. Mann
Michael E. Mann
(1965 -   )
Amherst, Massachusetts, USA

Pennsylvania State University

Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science

Climatology, Atmospheric Sciences

Michael E. Mann is the director of the Earth System Science Center for Pennsylvania State University, a climatologist, and geophysicist. He has earned an A.B. in applied mathematics and an A.B. in physics from the University of California at Berkeley, before earning an M.S. and M.Phil in physics, an M.Phil in geology, and a Ph.D in geology & geophysics from Yale University. His work has resulted in new techniques for recording and evaluating past climate data and how to distinguish between useful climate data and statistical noise.

Mann is a prolific writer with more than 200 peer-reviewed publications to his credit. He has written three books about climate, including The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines, and his co-authored work with Tom Toles, titled The Madhouse Effect: How Climate Change Denial is Threatening Our Planet, Destroying Our Politics, and Driving Us Crazy.

An expert in paleoclimate study, he has sharpened models of analysis and data collection methodologies, yielding more accurate, statistically significant conclusions. Such is the atmosphere of climate change denial and the politics at play, that Mann has even been investigated on suspicion of scientific misconduct by the Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Commerce, which cleared him of all charges and exonerated him fully.

Academic Website

Professional Website

4.Naomi Oreskes

Naomi Oreskes
Naomi Oreskes
(1958 -   )

Harvard University

Professor of the History of Science

History of Environmental Sciences, Science Policy, Philosophy of Science

Naomi Oreskes is a Professor of the History of Science, and an Affiliated Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard University. She earned a B.S. in mining geology from the Royal School of Mines of the Imperial College of London. She went on to earn a Ph.D in geological research and history of science from Stanford University. Her body of work has encompassed geology, scientific methods, climate change, plate tectonics and the history and philosophy of science.

In 2004, she wrote an essay about evolving views on climate change, called Beyond the Ivory Tower: The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change, which has been cited by Al Gore. She also co wrote a book about the climate debate, called Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming, which surveyed views regarding climate change from a history of science viewpoint, and drawing parallels between climate change and other controversial scientific theories such as acid rain.

She has also written other notable works, including The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science and most recently, Why Trust Science, which was published in 2019. Her recent work explores the doubt-creation machine driving propaganda about climate change.

Academic Website

5.Clive Oppenheimer

Clive Oppenheimer
Clive Oppenheimer
(1964 -   )

University of Cambridge

Professor of Volcanology

Volcanology, Geoarchaeology

Clive Oppenheimer is a professor of volcanology at the University of Cambridge’s Department of Geography. He earned a B.A. from University of Cambridge, where he studied their Natural Sciences Tripos, and a Ph.D from Open University. Oppenheimer has done substantial research work in Antarctica.

While in Antarctica, where he spent 13 seasons, he lived and worked on Mount Erebus, which is Antarctica’s second largest volcano and the most active volcano in the Southern Hemisphere. He was even invited by the North Korean government, with a couple of colleagues, to study volcanic activity at Baekdu Mountain. He is a noted expert in geoarchaeology and volcanic processes.

He is well known on British radio, with appearances on BBC’s Radio 4 on broadcasts such as The Infinite Monkey Cage and The Museum of Curiosity. His book, Eruptions That Shook the World, inspired Werner Herzog’s film, Into the Inferno. He has been awarded the Royal Geographical Society’s Murchison Award and the Leif Erikson Award. He is a founding member of Cambridge Volcanology.

He is currently collaborating with Werner Herzog on a film about meteors and meteorites, titled, Fireball. In 2017, Oppenheimer received a nomination for an Emmy award for outstanding science documentary for his collaboration on Into the Inferno.

Academic Website

6.Richard Alley

Richard Alley
Richard Alley
(1957 -   )

Pennsylvania State University

Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences

Glaciology, Ice and Climate, Sea Level Change, Abrupt Climate Change

Richard Alley is the Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences at Pennsylvania State University and among the most highly cited researchers in the world. He attended Ohio State University before earning a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Alley is a prolific writer with more than 240 scientific publications. He has specialized in the study of Earth’s cryosphere and climate change. He has been a highly-sought expert voice, testifying before the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation and the U.S. House Committee on Science and Technology.

He has been a critically important voice on the issue of climate change. In 2007, he shared the Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President Al Gore and his colleagues on the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, for their work studying the stability of ice sheets and glaciers.

Alley has also hosted programs on climate change, including PBS’ Earth: The Operators’ Manual, which featured frank discussions about efforts to reduce or slow climate change. In 2017, he was awarded the Wollaston Medal by the Geological Society of London. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a “thorn in the backside” of politicians hoping to ignore climate change.

Academic Website

7.Gidon Eshel

Gidon Eshel
Gidon Eshel
( -   )

Bard College

Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences

Oceanography, Climatology, Geophysics

Gidon Eshel is a research professor at Bard College, specializing in oceanography, climatology and geophysics. He attended Technion-Israel Institute of Technology before transferring to Columbia University, where he earned an M.A., M.Phil. and Ph.D. in mathematical physics. After graduating, Eshel was a postdoctoral NOAA Climate & Global Change fellow at Harvard University’s Department for Earth & Planetary Physics. He has also since served as a staff scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and a professor of geophysics at the University of Chicago.

He is best known for quantifying the geophysical consequences of agriculture and diet, most recently through his work studying livestock, land and water use, and correlations to pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

He has written articles and books on climate science and geophysics, including his most cited work, “Forecasting Zimbabwean maize yield using eastern equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature”, and his book, Spatiotemporal Data Analysis.

He has also starred in two films, a documentary titled, Planeat and another titled, Before the Flood. Today, he maintains a website, environmentalcalculations.com, and is working to develop multi-objective metrics of diet to determine the optimal approaches for not only human and animal health, but for the environment as well.

Academic Website

8.Marcia McNutt

Marcia McNutt
Marcia McNutt
(1952 -   )
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

National Academy of Sciences

President

Oceanography, Volcanology

Marcia McNutt is the 22nd President of the United States’ National Academy of Sciences. She earned a bachelor’s degree in physics from Colorado College and a Ph.D in earth sciences from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

Her accomplishments are vast. She has served as chief scientist on a number of major oceanographic expeditions and conducted notable research on volcanoes and the rheology of “young” volcanoes. She served as the president and CEO of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, during which time they built the Monterey Accelerated Research System, which is the very first cabled observatory to be placed in the deepest oceans. She has also been certified by the National Association of Underwater Instructors to be a scuba instructor and even trained with the United States Navy SEALs on underwater demolition and explosive handling.

In 2009, she was unanimously confirmed by the Senate to be the first female director of the United States Geological Survey and a science advisor for the United States Secretary of the Interior. Significant work was completed during her tenure at the USGS, including a geologic surface map of Io, one of Jupiter’s moons and among the most volcanically active locations in our solar system.

McNutt was elected as president of the National Academy of Sciences in 2016, a seat she will hold until at least 2022.

Professional Website

9.Ceridwen Fraser

Ceridwen Fraser
Ceridwen Fraser
(1979 -   )
Canberra, Australia

University of Otago

Professor

Ecology, Evolution, Climate Change

Ceridwen Fraser is a research associate professor at the Department of Marine Science for the University of Otago (New Zealand). She conducted her undergraduate studies at the University of Canberra (paper conservation) and Macquarie University (marine science) and earned her Ph.D. from the University of Otago.

Her research has focused on evolution, ecology and climate change, focusing on the impacts of these forces in the southern hemisphere. After graduation, she worked with the University of Otago’s Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and then moved on to the Universite Libre de Bruxelles in Belgium, to work with their Biological Control and Spatial Ecology group. She is deeply interested in the ebb and flow of biodiversity in response to climate and environmental forces.

Her most widely-known work, “Kelp genes reveal effects of sub antarctic sea ice during the Last Glacial Maximum”, explores bio-organisms such as Southern Bull Kelp, evaluating their DNA sequences to determine how ice levels have changed in the southern hemisphere.

Fraser was honored with the ARC Discovery Early Career Research Award in 2014, the Australian Academy of Science Fenner Award in 2018, and most recently, the MacArthur & Wilson Award in 2019. Her collaborative research has yielded important contributions to our understanding of climate change and glacial ice melt.

Academic Website

Professional Website

10.R. Stephen J. Sparks

R. Stephen J. Sparks
R. Stephen J. Sparks
(1949 -   )
Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England

University of Bristol

Changing Wills Professor of Geology

Volcanology, Fluid Mechanics, Sedimentology

Sir Robert Stephen John Sparks is the Changing Wills Professor of Geology for the University of Bristol’s Department of Earth Sciences (where he has been since 1989) and one of the leading volcanologists in the world. Sparks earned a B.Sc and a Ph.D from Imperial College in London. His work on igneous petrology and volcanology has been cited more than 10,000 times, making him among the ISI’s Most Highly Cited Researchers. His research has included fluid mechanics, sedimentology, and geophysics and included risk assessment for environmental hazards such as seismic disturbances and volcanic flows, deposits, and eruptions.

He has received significant honors, including the Murchison Medal of the Geological Society of London, the Arthur L. Day Medal of the Geological Society of America, the Arthur Holmes Medal of the European Geosciences Union, and was named a Commander of the British Empire in 2010. He has also provided influential leadership in his roles as president of the Geological Society (1994-1996), president of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (1999-2003), and as president of Volcanology, Geochemistry, and Petrology (2008-2012).

In 2018, Sparks was awarded the Royal Medal and made a Knight Bachelor by the Queen.

Academic Website

11.Amelia E. Shevenell

Amelia E. Shevenell
Amelia E. Shevenell
( -   )

University of South Florida

Associate Professor

Climate Change, Ocean Temperature, Ice Sheet Instability, Sea Level Rise, Climate History

Amelia E. Shevenell is an Associate Professor at the College of Marine Science at the University of South Florida and a marine geologist. She earned a bachelor’s degree in geology and studio art from Hamilton College and a Ph.D. in marine science from the University of California at Santa Barbara. She completed her post-doctoral research at the program on Climate Change at the University of Washington’s School of Oceanography.

Shevenell’s research has focused on the evolution of Antarctica’s ice sheets, using geochemical, sedimentological and micropaleontological properties within the ice to reconstruct the ecological timeline. She has taken part in eight major oceanographic expeditions to the Austral Ocean (also known as the Antarctic or Southern Ocean). She has made important discoveries, including increased upwelling in the North Pacific due to global warming, and the cooling of the Southern Ocean during the Middle Miocene Climate Transition.

She is a full member of Sigma XI and was honored as an AGU Outstanding Reviewer for Geophysical Research Letters. In 2006, she was awarded the Storrs Cole Memorial Research Award by the Geological Society of America. Her expertise has been sought by National Geographic, Reuters and Discover Magazine, as well as the Forecast Podcast, produced by Nature’s editor, Michael White.

Academic Website

12.Isabelle Daniel

Isabelle Daniel
Isabelle Daniel
(1968 -   )

Claude Bernard University Lyon 1

Professor

Mineralogy

Isabelle Daniel is a mineralogist for the Claude Bernard University Lyon 1. She earned her bachelor’s and master’s in Earth sciences at the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon and her Ph.D from Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1. She went on to also earn a master’s in geology from the University of Rennes. Her research has focused on mineral interactions under the most extreme conditions available and the extreme pressure or temperatures create conditions inhospitable for life. She also studies the biosignatures of early life in near impossible conditions.

In addition to her work as a mineralogist, Daniel is a professor for the Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon and also Dean of the Observatory of Earth Sciences and Astrophysics of Lyon. She has been vice president of the European Mineralogical Union since 2016. She is chair of the Deep Energy Scientific Steering Committee for the Deep Carbon Observatory and co-chair of the Deep Carbon Science in the Context of Geologic Time Gordon Research Conference.

Her research employs methods such as synchrotron x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy, which she uses to study serpentine minerals, chemistry of hydrous minerals, interactions at high pressure and high temperatures, and microbial life.

Academic Website

Professional Website

13.Nigel Thrift

Nigel Thrift
Nigel Thrift
(1949 -   )
Bath, England

University of Bristol

Emeritus Professor

Human Geography

Sir Nigel Thrift is the Executive Director of the Schwarzman Scholars and a noted geographer. Thrift studied geography at the University of Wales and earned a Ph.D from the University of Bristol. He has been influential in the fields of geography and economics, and is even credited with inventing the term soft capitalism.

His work has extended beyond geography to the impacts of capitalism and labor markets. He has provided extensive leadership in his field, including as a Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research at Oxford University and as Vice Chancellor at Warwick. In his position at Warwick, he emerged as a controversial figure in light of draconian cuts to research faculty which coincided rather unfortunately with some significant pay increases for himself. Students at Warwick have fiercely opposed these pay increases and remain opposed to them to this day.

He has been awarded the University of Helsinki Medal, the Newbigin Prize, Victoria Medal of the Royal Geographical Society, and the Scottish Geographical Medal. He was knighted by the Queen 2015.

He is a fellow of the British Academy, the Academy of Learned Societies for the Social Sciences, the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences and the Netherlands Institute of Advanced Study.

Academic Website

14.Julie Arblaster

Julie Arblaster
Julie Arblaster
( -   )
Victoria, Australia

Monash University

Associate Professor

Climate Change

Julie Arblaster is a scientist and an associate professor at the School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment at Monash University. She earned a Bachelor of Technology in Atmospheric Science from Macquarie University and an M.Sc. in atmospheric and oceanic sciences from the University of Colorado. She then went on to the University of Melbourne in Australia, where she earned her Ph.D. studying the drivers of southern hemisphere climate change.

Arblaster has focused her research on the mechanics of past, present and future climate change. By studying the history of climate change through a meteorological lens, she hopes to understand how greenhouse gases and human climate action will impact future climate conditions.

She is a member of the World Climate Research Programme Stratospheric-Tropospheric Processes and their Role in Climate steering group, the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, American Meteorological Society, Earth Science Women’s Network and American Geophysical Union.

Arblaster was also the lead author of the 2014 World Meteorological Organization/United Nations Environment Programme’s Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion and a contributor to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which was the first to address the quantity of carbon dioxide that can be emitted without negatively impacting the environment.

Academic Website

15.Richard Lindzen

Richard Lindzen
Richard Lindzen
(1940 -   )
Webster, Massachusetts, USA

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Professor Emeritus

Dynamic Meteorology, Atmospheric Tides, Iris Hypothesis

Richard Lindzen is an atmospheric physicist and retired Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Meteorology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He earned an A.B. in physics, and an S.M. and Ph.D. in applied mathematics from Harvard University.

Lindzen has made substantial contributions to the field, with papers published on topics such as hydrodynamic instability, planetary atmosphere, atmospheric effects, Hadley circulation, heat transport and climate change. He holds a skeptical view of climate change and has questioned the validity of the computer models used to forecast climate.

His most recent work has explored the idea of Earth acting like an infrared iris, called the iris hypothesis. In this theory, he studies the feedback loop between CO2 levels, atmospheric conditions and planetary warming. While strenuously rejected by many other scientists, Lindzen has openly questioned the validity of current climate models due to their handling of water vapor and surface temperature.

Lindzen has been an antagonist in the climate change fight, providing just enough contrary arguments to diminish and disrupt progress being made. He has also challenged the notion that cigarette smoking contributes to lung cancer and the dangers of second-hand smoke. These arguments offer no real value and appear to be representative of his reputation as a contrarian.

Academic Website

16.Paul Markowski

Paul Markowski
Paul Markowski
( -   )

Pennsylvania State University

Professor of Meteorology

Tornadogenesis, Atmospheric Dynamics, Mesoscale Meteorology, Synoptic Meteorology

Paul Markowski is a meteorologist and expert on tornadogenesis and forecasting. He earned a B.S. in meteorology from Pennsylvania State University, and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Oklahoma.

Markowski currently runs a research group that investigates tornadoes using computer simulations and state of the art instrumentation. He conducts studies of atmospheric dynamics, mesoscale meteorology and synoptic meteorology in an attempt to better understand how tornadoes are formed. These discoveries can help scientists and meteorologists provide better early-warning guidance through more accurate predictive modeling.

He has served as the Chief Editor of the American Meteorological Society’s Journal of Weather and Forecasting and serves on the President’s Advisory Committee on University Relations for the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.

He has been honored with numerous awards in his field, including the National Science Foundation’s Career Award, the Nikolai Dotzek Award from the European Severe Storms Laboratory, the National Weather Association T. Theodore Fujita Research Achievement Award and the American Meteorological Society’s Clarence Leroy Meisinger Award.

He is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and has held teaching positions at Pennsylvania State University since 2001. He was also a visiting scientist at the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut fur Physik der Atmosphaere in 2009.

Academic Website

Professional Website

17.Jesse H. Ausubel

Jesse H. Ausubel
Jesse H. Ausubel
( -   )

Rockefeller University

Senior Research Associate, Director

Biodiversity, Ecology

Jesse H. Ausubel is the Director and Senior Research Associate for the Program for the Human Environment at Rockefeller University, science advisor and former Vice President of Programs at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and an environmental scientist. He earned a bachelor’s degree from Harvard College and two master’s degrees from Columbia University.

Ausubel is currently working on Encyclopedia of Life, which will someday be a massive resource dedicating a page to every species on earth. This project is a natural product of his two other projects, The Census of Marine Life, which began in 2000, and DNA barcoding of all life on Earth. His work has helped to create a framework for cataloging and understanding all many of biodiversity on the planet.

In 2009 he began a fourth project, the Deep Carbon Observatory, which uses cross-disciplinary research teams to explore the behavior of carbon and its impact on life. Deep Carbon, in particular, existing in the earth’s core, impacts the environment via degassing through volcanoes and hydrothermal outlets such as calderas. The Deep Carbon Observatory deploys drilling ships, helicopters and instruments to study far-flung and dangerous places on earth. Ausubel has also supported the creation of the International Quiet Ocean Experiment.

Academic Website

18.Kurt Lambeck

Kurt Lambeck
Kurt Lambeck
(1941 -   )
Utrecht, Netherlands

Australian National University

Emeritus Professor of Geophysics

Geophysics, Geodesy, Geology

Kurt Lambeck is Emeritus Professor of Geophysics at the Research School of Earth Sciences at the Australian National University and former President of the Australian Academy of Science. He earned his undergraduate degree from the University of New South Wales and a Ph.D. from the University of Oxford.

His early research focused on Earth’s gravitational pull and the cause of fluctuations in planetary rotation. He has also studied the relationship between ice volumes, the oceanic and continental lithosphere and sea level change, using the last glacial cycle as the basis for his study.

His multi-disciplinary approach has yielded critical insights into how sea level, terrestrial gravity and the internal structure of the planet. Drawing from oceanography, paleoclimatology, geodesy, geology, and geophysics, he has been able to adopt a more global, nuanced view of climate science.

In addition to his research, he has worked for the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, at Harvard University, Observatoire de Paris, Departement des Sciences de la Terre, the University of Paris VII and for the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris.

Lambeck is a Fellow of the Royal Society of London and the Royal Society of New South Wales. He is also a member of the French Academy of Science and Academia Europaea.

Academic Website

Professional Website

19.Jasper A. Vrugt

Jasper A. Vrugt
Jasper A. Vrugt
(1976 -   )
Amsterdam, Netherlands

University of California, Irvine

Assistant Professor

Surface Hydrology, Soil Physics, Hydrogeophysics, Hydrometeorology

Jasper A. Vrugt is an assistant professor at the University of California at Irvine, a part-time associate professor at the University of Amsterdam, and holds a joint position at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Department of Earth System Science. He has earned an M.S. and a Ph.D from the University of Amsterdam. His research has focused on systems (both man-made and of natural origins) and the way that systems behave and influence the environment. His work has led to the publication of more than 100 peer-reviewed papers, covering topics as diverse as hydropower, engineering, computational science, and irrigation.

He is known for his work on soil physics, hydrogeophysics and hydrometeorology. He has received the Donath Medal (or the Young Scientist Award) from the Geological Society of America, the Outstanding Young Scientist Award from the European Geosciences Union, and the James B. Macelwane Medal of the American Geophysical Union – the first scientist to ever receive all three prestigious honors.

He is a fellow of the Geological Society of America, the American Geophysical Union and was named one of Elsevier’s Top 50 most talented people in the Netherlands in 2009. He currently serves as Associate Editor of Water Resources Research.

Academic Website

20.Sierd Cloetingh

Sierd Cloetingh
(1950-   )
Groningen, Netherlands

Utrecht University

University Distinguished Professor of Earth Sciences

Geosciences, Earth Sciences, Tectonics

Sierd Cloetingh is President of the Academia Europaea and the COST Association, as well as a University Distinguished Professor of Earth Sciences at Utrecht University. He has earned a B.Sc. in geology with physics and mathematics from the University of Groningen, and an M.Sc. in geophysics with minors in structural geology and numerical mathematics and a Ph.D. in geophysics from the University of Utrecht.

Cloetingh is a prolific writer and researcher, with more than 300 published papers in peer-reviewed journals. He most recently worked with colleagues to publish additional research, from “Quantifying the late-to post-Variscan pervasive heat flow, central Netherlands, Southern Permian Basic” to “The role of water and compression in the genesis of alkaline basalts: Inferences from the Carpathian-Pannonian region.”

He is now the Editor-in-Chief of the international Global and Planetary Change journal, Chairman of the Scientific Committee of the ESF Large Scale Collaborative Research Programme TOPO-EUROPE, and President of the International Lithosphere Programme.

He has received the Stephan Mueller Award, Arthur Holmes Medal, the Leopold von Buch Medal and the Alexander von Humboldt Research Award. He is a member of Academia Europaea and has been president of that organization since 2014. He was awarded the Chevalier de Legion d’Honneur in 2006 and was named Knight of the Royal Order of the Netherlands Lion in 2014.

Academic Website

21.Jamie Peck

Jamie Peck
Jamie Peck
(1962-   )
Kimberley, Nottinghamshire, UK

University of British Columbia

Professor of Geography

Economic Geography, Urban Restructuring

Jamie Peck is the Managing Editor of Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, Canada Research Chair in Urban & Regional Political Economy, and Professor of Geography at the University of British Columbia. He earned a B.A. and Ph.D. in geography from the University of Manchester.

Peck considers himself an institutional political economist, and focuses his research on labor regulation, economic geography and statecraft. His most recent books are Offshore: Exploring the Worlds of Global Outsourcing, Fast Policy: Experimental Statecraft at the Thresholds of Neoliberalism and Constructions of Neoliberal Reason.

Most recently, he has been studying the dynamics of “fast policy” in the context of facilitating fiscal transformation, and the sociology of global outsourcing. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the Academy of Social Sciences, the Commonwealth Fund of New York and the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. He is keenly interested in the ways that global forces are reshaped by local interests and practices.

His teaching positions have taken him to Johns Hopkins University, Oxford University, the National University of Singapore, University of Melbourne, University of Nottingham, University of the Witwatersrand, the University of Oslo, and the Queen’s University at Belfast. He teaches classes in human and economic geography, globalization, economic development and growth and equity.

Academic Website

22.Emily V. Fischer

Emily V. Fischer
Emily V. Fischer
(-   )

Colorado State University

Associate Professor

Atmospheric Chemistry, Reactive Nitrogen in the Earth System

Emily V. Fischer is an Associate Professor at Colorado State University’s Department of Atmospheric Science and an atmospheric chemist. She earned a B.S. in atmospheric science from the University of British Columbia, an M.S. in earth sciences from the University of New Hampshire at Durham, and a Ph.D. in atmospheric sciences from the University of Washington.

After graduation, Fischer went on to become a NOAA Environmental Fellow at the Harvard University Center for the Environment, where she investigated the distribution of hydroxyl radical and ozone in the atmosphere.

She is perhaps best well known for her work on WE-CAN, the Western Wildlife Experiment for Cloud Chemistry, Aerosol Absorption and Nitrogen, a project studying the environmental impacts of wildfires. Their work yielded a new method for measuring peroxyacetyl nitrate in the atmosphere using satellite imagery.

She is a vocal supporter of Women in STEM, using her influence and knowledge to help other women enter scientific research fields. She worked with fellow scientists to start PROGRESS, a program promoting professional development opportunities for female students and mentors.

She was awarded the James B. Macelwane Medal by the American Geophysical Union and in 2019 was selected by students to be the CSU Atmospheric Science Department Professor of the Year.

Academic Website

Professional Website

23.Bruce P. Luyendyk

Bruce P. Luyendyk
Bruce P. Luyendyk
(1943-   )
Freeport, New York, USA

University of California, Santa Barbara

Distinguished Professor Emeritus

Marine Geophysics, Tectonics, Paleomagnetic Methods

Bruce P. Luyendyk is Professor Emeritus of marine geophysics at the University of California at Santa Barbara, and a geophysicist and oceanographer. He earned his B.Sc. in geology and geophysics from San Diego State University and a Ph.D. from the Scripps Institute of Oceanography at the University of California at San Diego. He completed his postdoctoral studies at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Luyendyk has studied marine geology around the world, from the tectonics of southern California to the paleoclimate of Antarctica. He has helped discover deep-sea hydrothermal vents and even has a mountain named for him, Mount Luyendyk in Antarctica.

He has led two expeditions of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, which has sought to better understand Earth’s geological past, leading to discoveries that have supported models and theories related to sea floor spreading. He named Zealandia, a lost, eighth continent that has slipped beneath the sea.

He is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America, the American Geophysical Union and the American Association of the Advancement of Science. He served on the Antarctic Drilling Science Committee for over a decade, during which time he conducted important research on ice flows and the tectonic history of the continent of Antarctica.

Academic Website

24.Marjorie Wilson

Marjorie Wilson
Marjorie Wilson
(1951-   )

University of Leeds

Professor Emeritus

Geology, Petrology

Marjorie Wilson is a geologist and petrologist. She earned a B.A. in geology from St. Hilda’s College at Oxford University, which was later converted to an M.A. She went on to earn an M.A. in geology from the University of California at Berkeley and a Ph.D in geology from the University of Leeds. She is most widely known for her work studying the origin of igneous rocks.

She spent her entire career as a lecturer and senior lecturer for the University of Leeds, teaching igneous petrogenesis. She has been an emeritus professor of igneous petrogenesis at the school since 2013. She has been the Executive Editor of the Journal of Petrology since 1994. Her most frequently cited work is Igneous Petrogenesis: A Global Tectonic Approach, which was first published in 1989 and reprinted in 2007.

She has been a member of the NERC Council since 2007 and was previously a chair of the NERC Services and Facilities Review Group. She is co-leader of an International Lithosphere Program studying upper mantle plumes and works with the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing to investigate the India-Asia collision zone. She is an internationally recognized expert in petrogenesis and geodynamics, highly sought for her expertise in understanding magmatism.

Academic Website

25.Terry Plank

Terry Plank
Terry Plank
(1963-   )
Culver City, Delaware, USA

Columbia University

Arthur D. Storke Memorial Professor

Geochemistry, Igneous Petrology

Terry Plank is professor of earth science at Columbia University and for the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory. A noted volcanologist and geochemist, Plank has studied the chemistry of volcanic minerals, and studied the development and emergence of magma flows. She earned a bachelor’s degree in earth sciences from Dartmouth College and her Ph.D from Columbia University.

Her interest in volcanos dates back to her time at Dartmouth College. Her professor took her class to the Arenal Volcano in Costa Rica, and from there she was hooked. Her research has taken her to the Aleutian Islands, the American Southwest, Iceland, the Philippines, and throughout the Pacific Ocean’s “Ring of Fire”. Plank has published noteworthy works about how sediments from the ocean floor end up as lava, and how this change occurs.

She was awarded a MacArthur Genius Grant in 2012 and received the Geological Society of London’s Wollaston Medal in 2018. She is a fellow of the Geological Society of America, the American Geophysical Union, the Mineralogical Society of America and the Geochemical Society.

Her best known writing, “The chemical composition of subducting sediment and its consequences for the crust and mantle”, was published in collaboration with Charles Langmuir, her Ph.D advisor.

Academic Website

Want more? Discover influential earth scientists throughout history:
Of All Time | Last 50 Years | Last 20 Years